24 September in Indian and World History

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24 September in Indian and World History

24 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.24 September is the birth anniversary of Pratap Narayan Mishra, Bhikaji Rustam Cama or ‘Madame Cama’, Aarti Saha, and Limba Ram.

24 September is also observed as the death anniversary of Nana Saheb.

Birth Anniversary

24 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Pratap Narayan Mishra (24 September 1856 – 6 July 1894), is considered one of the creators of modern Hindi. He is called Unnayak of Hindi Khari Boli and Bharatendu era. Pratap Narayan Mishra had gained special fame as a writer, poet and journalist. Mishra ji had unparalleled faith in Bharatendu Harishchandra. He called himself his disciple and used to remember him like a deity. Pratap Narayan Mishra came to be known as ‘Pratibhartendu’ or ‘Second Chandra’, etc., due to the composition style, subject matter and linguistic features like Bharatendu. There is ample variety of topics in the essays written by Mishra. Patriotism, social reform and general entertainment were the main subjects of his essays. He wrote essays on all kinds of subjects in a monthly paper called ‘Brahmin’. Mishra was one of the prominent writers of Bharatendu Mandal. He served Hindi literature in various forms. Apart from being a poet, he was an original essay writer and playwright of a high order. He was Born on 24 September 1856 in Utter Pradesh.

Bhikaji Rustam Cama or ‘Madame Cama’ (24 September 1861 – 13 August 1936), is a special mention in the revolutionary movement, who had helped the Indian revolutionaries immensely even while living abroad. His brilliant writings and speeches became a source of great inspiration for the revolutionaries. Bhikaji Rustam Cama was a French citizen of Indian origin, who traveled to London, Germany and America to create an atmosphere in favor of India’s independence. He is best known for hoisting the tricolor at the Seventh International Congress held on 22 August 1907 in Stuttgart, Germany. At that time the tricolor was not the same as it is at present. She is popularly known as Madam Cama. Published two revolutionary papers namely ‘Vande Mataram’ and ‘Madan Talwar’. In 1907 AD, in the ‘International Socialism Conference’ in Stuttgard (Germany), Madam Cama hoisted the tricolor flag and declared – this is the flag of Indian independence. It has been born. It has already been sanctified by the blood of the young brave sons of India. My request to all the dignitaries presents here is that everyone should stand and worship this flag of India’s independence, everyone stood and worshiped the flag. Madam Cama came to be called ‘Revolution-Pregnant’. She was Born on 24 September 1861 in Mumbai.

Aarti Saha (24 September 1940 – 23 August 1994), a famous Indian swimmer. She was the first woman swimmer from India and Asia to swim across the English Channel. Aarti Saha had done this feat in the year 29 September 1959. And in 1960 he was awarded the ‘Padma Shri’. Arti Saha was the first Indian female sportsperson to receive the ‘Padma Shri’. She is called “Hindustani Mermaid”. Aarti Saha’s swimming talent was recognized by Sachin Nag and started the work of carving it. In the year 1949, Aarti won the state level swimming competitions with an all-India record. He also participated in the Helsinki Olympics in the year 1952. She got many awards and Honours In 1960, Aarti Saha was awarded the Padma Shri. She was the first Indian female sportsperson to receive the ‘Padma Shri’. India Post also issued a postage stamp in 1998 to inspire women from his life. It was Aarti Saha who broke Dolly Nazir’s record. She had clocked 37.6 seconds in the 1951 Bengal State Meet, breaking Dolly Nazir’s record in the 100m breaststroke. She was Born on 24 September 1940 in Kolkata.

Limba Ram, is India’s first famous archer, who achieved success in the field of archery at the world level. He won the gold medal at the 1992 Asian Championships setting a world record. In the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, Limba Ram missed out on a medal by just one point. He was awarded India’s prestigious ‘Arjuna Award’ in 1991. After Limba Ram remained vacant for many years, he was appointed as a sports officer in the ‘Punjab National Bank’. He was awarded the ‘Arjuna Award’ in 1991. Prior to this, he was awarded the ‘Maharana Pratap Award’ in 1990. He is presently posted as Sports Officer in Hindustan Zinc Limited. The Sports Authority of India is credited with imparting skills to Limba Ram in the art of archery, which trained him under the ‘Special Area Memon Programme’. He was Born on 24 September in Rajasthan.

Read More: 23 September in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

24 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Nana Saheb (19 May 1824 – 24 September 1859), the architect of the first war of Indian independence of 1857. His original name was ‘Dhondupant’. In the freedom struggle, Nana Saheb led against the British in Kanpur. The departure of Nana Saheb on a pilgrimage at this age seems a bit mysterious. In 1857 he went to Kalpi, Delhi and Lucknow. In Kalpi you met the famous Kunwar Singh of Bihar and imagined the future revolution. When the revolution started in Meerut, Nana Saheb with great valor and skill led the forces of the revolution, sometimes secretly and sometimes overtly. As soon as the revolution started, his followers got eight and a half lakh rupees and some war material from the British treasury. The British of Kanpur were imprisoned in a citadel and the revolutionaries hoisted the Indian flag there. All the revolutionaries gathered in Kanpur to go to Delhi. When the British left Kanpur on July 1, 1857, Nana Saheb declared complete independence and assumed the title of Peshwa. Nana Saheb’s indomitable courage never diminished and he led the revolutionary armies equally. Fierce battles took place between Nana’s party and the British in places like Fatehpur and Aang etc. Sometimes the revolutionaries won and sometimes the British. However, the British were on the rise. After this, Nana Saheb, seeing the growing British forces, Nana Saheb crossed the river Ganges and left for Lucknow. Nana Saheb once again returned to Kanpur and after coming there he captured the route between Kanpur and Lucknow, then Nana Saheb left Awadh and went towards Rohilkhand. The British government announced huge rewards for the capture of Nana Saheb, but they were in vain. Truly, Nana Saheb’s sacrifice and freedom, his valor and military merit make him sit on the seat of a prominent figure in Indian history. He was Born on 24 September 1824 in Uttar Pradesh.

Read More: 22 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 24 September in Indian and World History

23 September 1726 – The East India Company was authorized to create municipal and mayoral courts in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.

23 September 1789 – The Office of the Attorney General in America was created.

23 September 1805 -The military action of French dictator Napoleon Bonaparte ended. This action was taken to face the Austrian invasion, in which France won a massive victory.

24 September 1898 – Howard Florey a distinguished Australian pharmacologist and pathologist best known for his pioneering work in the development and mass production of penicillin, one of the most significant medical breakthroughs of the 20th century was born.

24 September 1895 – Andre Frederic Cournand, a French American physiologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

24 September 1898 – Howard Florey was an Australian pharmacologist and pathologist. In 1945, Howard Florey was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was Born.

24 September 1905 – Severo Ochoa, a renowned Spanish-American biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

24 September 1920  Peter Carl Fabergé – a Russian jeweller best known for the famous Fabergé eggs – died.

23 September 1932 – a special agreement was signed between Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi in the Yerwada Central Jail in Pune to secure seats in the Legislative Assemblies for the ‘Dalits’.

23 September 1932 – Pritilata Wadedar, a revolutionary nationalist from Bengal, became the first woman to lay down her life for the country’s independence.

23 September 1936 – Jim Henson a visionary American puppeteer, filmmaker, and creator best known for bringing beloved characters like the Muppets and Sesame Street’s Big Bird and Ernie to life was born.

23 September 1940 –Arati Saha an Indian swimmer who made history by becoming the first Asian woman to swim across the English Channel was born.

23 September 1996 – Zeki Müren stands as a symbol of Turkish music, renowned for his unparalleled vocal talent and contributions to the cultural landscape of Turkey – died.

23 September 2008 – Indian cricketer Kapil Dev was conferred the honorary rank of lieutenant colonel in the Territorial Army by the Chief of the Army Staff General Deepak Kapoor at a ceremony.

23 September 2008 – The Madras High Court dismissed a petition seeking the premature release of Nalini and two other convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case.

23 September 2009 – The country’s first Chandrayaan-1 discovered water on the lunar surface.

23 September 2014 – Mangalyaan, a satellite of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), successfully entered the Martian orbit.

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