22 September in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

22 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.22 September is the birth anniversary of V.S. Srinivasa Sastri, Pawan Kumar Chamling, and Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil.

22 September is also observed as the death anniversary of Gurū Nānak, and Durga Khote.

Birth Anniversary on 22 September

22 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

V.S. Srinivasa Sastri (22 September 1869 – 17 April 1946), a liberal politician and the founder of the Indian Liberal Federation, which supported British colonial rule in India. During this he worked in many important positions in the country and abroad. He began his career as a schoolteacher, but soon became nationally known for his keen interest in public issues and his eloquence. Srinivasa Shastri was a liberal politician and the founder of the Indian Liberal Federation, who held many important positions in India and abroad during the British colonial rule in India. Srinivasa Shastri was a social reformer. So, the government sent him on a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Canada in 1922, an attempt to improve the condition of Indians living in those countries. In 1926 he was sent to South Africa for the same work and in 1927 he was appointed agent-general there. He Born on 22 September 1869 in Karnataka.

Pawan Kumar Chamling, is the former Chief Minister of the Indian state of Sikkim. Chamling is the founding president of the political party Sikkim Democratic Front, which has been in power in Sikkim since 1994. Pawan Kumar Chamling’s name is the longest There is a record of being CM for (about 25 years) Chamling’s 24.4-year stint (December 1994 to May 2019) is the longest ever by a chief minister of any Indian state, surpassing Jyoti Basu’s 23 years in West Bengal. Prior to establishing the Sikkim Democratic Front, Chamling served as Minister for Industries, Information and Public Relations from 1989 to 1992 in Nar Bahadur Bhandari’s cabinet. On 18 January 2016 Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi made a two-day visit to the state to declare Sikkim as the first and the only “organic state” in the country, as it has fully implemented organic farming statewide. He was Born on 22 September 1949 in Sikkim.

Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil (22 September 1887 – 9 May 1959), born in Kumbhoj, Kolhapur, was a social activist and educator in Maharashtra, India. A strong advocate of mass education, he founded the Rayat Education Society. Bhaurao played an important role in educating backward castes and low-income people by coining the philosophy earn and learn. He was a prominent member of Satyashodhak Samaj (Truth seeker’s society), founded by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. The people of Maharashtra honoured him with the sobriquet Karmaveer (King of actions) and the Government of India awarded him with Padma Bhushan in 1959 in India. Bhaurao garnered political interest and decided to express his role in the fight for Indian freedom struggle by working in other beneficial fields like public education. While he worked for companies such as Ogale glass works, Kirloskars and Coopers, he participated in activities of Satya Shodhak Samaj. He had realized by then that the only remedy for the social evils of those times was the education of the masses. In 1919, he started a hostel where children from lower castes and poor families could stay and get an education, while working to pay the expenses. No one can expect to receive money without conditions forever. Bhaurao saw no such problem with accepting grants from the government. The Bountiful Banyan is Patil’s biography, written by Pandurang Ganapati Patil. He was Born on 22 September 1887 in Kolhapur.

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Death Anniversary on 22 September

22 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Gurū Nānak (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), also referred to as Bābā Nānak (‘father Nānak’), was the founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi (‘full-moon of Kattak’), i.e., October–November. Nanak is said to have travelled far and wide across Asia teaching people the message of ik onkar  who dwells in every one of his creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. With this concept, he would set up a unique spiritual, social, and political platform based on equality, fraternal love, goodness, and virtue. Nanak’s words are registered in the form of 974 poetic hymns, or shabda, in the holy text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, with some of the major prayers being the Japji Sahib (jap, ‘to recite’; ji and sahib are suffixes signifying respect); the Asa di Var (‘ballad of hope’); and the Sidh Gosht (‘discussion with the Siddhas’). It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Nanak’s sanctity, divinity, and religious authority had descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them. He died on 22 September 1539.

Durga Khote (14 January 1905 – 22 September 1991), a famous Hindi and Marathi film actress during her time. He acted brilliantly in many hit films. After performing heroine roles in early films, she appeared before audiences as character actresses, then people remember his unmatched acting till date. Durga Khote acted in about 200 films as well as hundreds of plays and played an important role in removing social taboos regarding films. Apart from acting, Durga Khote has also produced short films, ad films, documentaries and serials for a long time. Durga Khote also produced and directed a film named ‘Saathi’ in the year 1937. She died on 22 September 1991.

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Notable events on 22 September in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 22 September in World History are mentioned below:

22 September 1900 – Sergey Ivanovich Ozhegov a distinguished Russian lexicographer and linguist, renowned for his significant contributions to the field of lexicography was born.

22 September 1939 – Junko Tabei was a trailblazing Japanese mountaineer whose relentless spirit and determination propelled her to become the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, the world’s tallest peak.

22 September 1956 – Frederick Soddy a British chemist, and Nobel Prize Laurate, died.

22 September 1959 – Saul Perlmutter, a renowned astrophysicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 September 1965 – In the war between India and Pakistan, there was a ceasefire on this day at the initiative of the United Nations.

22 September 1966 – The American spacecraft ‘Surveyor 2’ collided with the surface of the Moon.

22 September 1977 – The American football team reached Calcutta (now Kolkata) to play two exhibition matches under Pele.

22 September 1988 – National Geographic magazine began publication on this day in the year.

22 September 1992 – The United Nations General Assembly expelled Yugoslavia for its role in the war between Bosnia and Herzegovina.

22 September 2007 – NASA’s Aircraft discovered seven cave-like figures on Mars.

22 September 2008 – Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh left for a ten-day visit to the US and France.

22 September 2011 – The Planning Commission of India, in an affidavit filed in the Supreme Court, refused to consider a person who spends Rs 965 per month in cities and Rs 781 in villages as poor.

22 September 2013 – David H. Hubel an American Canadian neurophysiologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

22 September Historical Significance

September 22nd is a date marked by numerous significant historical events. For instance, in 1692, it was the day of the last hangings for witchcraft in the Salem witch trials, a grim reminder of the dangers of mass hysteria and injustice. On a more positive note, this date in 1792 saw the proclamation of the French First Republic, an important milestone in the history of democracy. The Treaty of Basel, which concluded the Swabian War, was signed on September 22, 1499, establishing Switzerland as an independent state and shaping the political landscape of Europe. Additionally, the Emancipation Proclamation, which changed the status of over 3 million enslaved people in the United States, was preliminarily released by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862. These events, among others, demonstrate the breadth of historical significance carried by this single day on the calendar.

Important Days of 22 September in History

Some of the Notable events on 22 September in History are mentioned below:

  • World Rhino Day: A day dedicated to raising awareness about rhinoceros conservation and the threats they face due to habitat loss and poaching.
  • Hobbit Day: Celebrated by fans of J.R.R. Tolkien’s fictional world, marking the birthdays of the Hobbits Bilbo and Frodo Baggins.
  • Elephant Appreciation Day: A day to honor the majestic creatures and recognize the importance of their preservation.
  • American Business Women’s Day: Recognizes the contributions and achievements of women in the American business industry.
  • World Car-Free Day: Encourages people around the world to go car-free for a day and promotes the use of public transport, cycling, and walking.
  • National Ice Cream Cone Day (United States): Celebrates one of the most popular desserts and its iconic serving method.
  • National Centenarian’s Day (United States): Honors individuals who have lived to be at least 100 years old.
  • National White Chocolate Day (United States): A day for all white chocolate lovers to indulge in their favorite treats.
  • Mali, a land of ancient civilizations and vibrant cultures, marks its Independence Day