24 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 24 April is the birth anniversary of Sur Singh, Rajkumar, Jayakanthan, Shirley MacLaine, Mac Mohan, Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, and Varun Dhawan.

24 April is also observed as the death anniversary of Daniel Defoe, Jamini Roy, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, and Sathya Sai Baba.

Birth anniversary

24 April in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sur Singh (24 April 1571 – 7 September 1619), was the emperor of the Marwar Kingdom, he belongs to Mughal Empire. He was the Son of Raja Udai Singh, His sister was the third wife of Emperor Jahangir and mother of Shah Jahan. He was Born on 24 April 1571 as Suraj Mal.

Rajkumar (24 April 1929 – 12 April 2006), an Indian film actor and playback singer in Kannada cinema. Rajkumar made movies against perceived social evils throughout his career. He was awarded numerous State, National and International awards. He was a recipient of the Padma Bhushan and the Karnataka Ratna. He was born on 24 April 1929 in Gajanur, Madras Presidency.

Jayakanthan (24 April 1934 – 8 April 2015), a journalist, writer, orator, filmmaker, novelist. Jayakanthan wrote his first short story, Sowbakiyavathi, which was published in 1953. He mainly writes and works for the lives of unprivileged people like rickshaw-pullers, prostitutes, and rag-pickers. He also got Padma Bhushan for his remarkable work in the field of writing, He was born on 24 April 1934 in Cuddalore.

Shirley MacLaine, an American actress, author, singer, activist, and dancer.  MacLaine made her acting debut as a teenager with minor roles in the Broadway musicals Oklahoma and The Pajama Game. She was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2012. She was born on 24 April 1934, in Richmond, Virginia.

Mac Mohan (24 April 1938 – 10 May 2010), an Indian actor who worked in Hindi cinema. He was well known for his villain character in the film of the 1970s and 1980s. He was also well known for his legendary film Sholay, he appeared in more than 200 films. He was born on 24 April 1929 in Karachi, British India.

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, an Indian former international cricketer and is also known as Master Blaster. He was also the captain of Team India. He is considered one of the greatest cricketers in the world; reported to be the highest run-scorer of all time in International Cricket, He has scored more than 30,000 runs in International Cricket and the only cricketer to have 100 International centuries to the date. Tendulkar made his test match debut on 15 November 1989 against Pakistan in Karachi at the age of sixteen. He was the first batsman to score a double century in One Day International (ODI), and the holder of the record for the most runs in both Test and ODI cricket. Many National Honours are given to him like Arjuna Award (1994), Padma Shri (1999), Padma Vibhushan (2008), and Bharat Ratna (2014). He was born on 24 April 1973 in Mumbai.

Varun Dhawan, an Indian actor who works in Hindi films. He was the son of film director David Dhawan. Varun debut in Bollywood with the film “Student Of The Year” in 2012. He was one of the country’s highest-paid celebrities. He also won many awards for his successful films. Varun became the only actor in the history of Hindi Cinema to feature in eleven box-office successes in a row from the inception of his career. He was born on 24 April 1987 in Mumbai.

Read More: 23 April in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

24 April in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Daniel Defoe (1660 – 24 April 1731) was a writer, English trader, journalist, pamphleteer and spy, and merchant. He is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, published in 1719.

Jamini Roy (11 April 1887 – 24 April 1972), an Indian painter. He was honoured with the State award of Padma Bhushan in 1955. He was one of the most famous pupils of Abanindranath Tagore, whose artistic originality and contribution to the emergence of art in India remains unquestionable. He died on 24 April 1972 at the age of 85 years.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar (23 September 1908 – 24 April 1974), an Indian poet, freedom fighter, Member of Parliament, essayist, journalist, satirist. Dinkar’s first poem was published in 1924 in a paper called Chhatra Sahodar. He wrote ten poems based on Satyagraha (1928) by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, published in a book under the title Vijay-Sandesh. Dinkar was elected three times to the Rajya Sabha (3 April 1952 – 26 January 1964) and was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1959. He died on 24 April 1908 in Simaria, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bihar, India)

Sathya Sai Baba (23 November 1926 – 24 April 2011) was an Indian Guru and philanthropist. His philosophy was to Love all. Serve all. Help Ever. Hurt Never. He was the founder of the Sathya Sai Organisation. He believes in all religions. He died on 24 April 2011 at the age of 84 in Puttaparthi, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Read More: 22 April in Indian and World History

Notable events on 24 April in Indian and World History

24 April 1845 – Carl Spitteler, a Swiss poet, novelist, essayist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

24 April 1880 – Gideon Sundback – a Swedish-American electrical engineer, who is most commonly associated with his work in the development of the zipper – was born.

24 April 1898 – (Spanish-American War) Spain declares war after rejecting the US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.

24 April 1907 – Gabriel Figueroa – a Mexican cinematographer who is regarded as one of the greatest cinematographers – was born.

24 April 1917 – US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for war.

24 April 1938 – Shoen Uemura – a prominent figure in the field of literature – was born.

24 April 1947 – Roger D. Kornberg, an American biochemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate was born.

24 April 1950 – The Independent Republic of South Molukkas was declared.

24 April 1960 –  Max von Laue, a German physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate died.

24 April 1964 – Gerhard Domagk was a German pathologist and bacteriologist. In 1939, Gerhard Domagk was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine,died.

24 April 1972  Jamini Roy, an Indian painter, died.

24 April 1975 – The USA performs a nuclear test at the Nevada test site.

24 April 1990 – The Hubble Space Telescope is launched into earth orbit it delivered some of the most spectacular photos of the universe.

24 April 1999  Arthur Boyd – a leading Australian painter of the middle to late 20th century – died.

24 April 2013 – 1129 people die in Bangladesh due to the worst building collapse disaster in modern history.

24 April is observed as National Panchayati Raj Day in India. On This day work done by the Panchayats, leaders are recognized and appreciated. National Panchayati Raj Day 2021 is a unique occasion to recognize and felicitate our panchayats for their work towards building anAatmaNirbhar Bharat. The National PanchayatiRaj Day (National Local Self-Government Day) is celebrated by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj in India on 24 April every year. On 24 April 2010, India’s then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh declared the first National Panchayati Raj Day.

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