23 November: Remembering Jagdish Chandra Bose on his Punya Tithi

23 November: Remembering Jagdish Chandra Bose on his Punya Tithi

Jagdish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was an Indian physicist and phytologist.

Early Life

Jagdish Chandra Bose was born on 30 November 1858, in India. He received his elementary education at a vernacular school. Then he went to St. Xavier’s School in Kolkata and passed the Calcutta University entrance exam.

After graduating from Calcutta University with a physics degree, Bose studied natural sciences at Cambridge. He came back to India in 1884 after getting a B.Sc. degree from Cambridge University and was appointed professor of physical science at Presidency College, Calcutta (now Kolkata).


Bose left his professorship and started the Bose Institute in Calcutta in 1917. It was mainly devoted to plant research. His tenure as director lasted twenty years.

During his research, Bose built automatic recorders that could detect very small movements. These instruments showed some surprising results, like Bose’s demonstration that plants seem to have feelings, as evidenced by the quivering of injured plants.

In addition, he did a lot of research on radio waves. Mostly known as a plant physiologist, he was actually a physicist. For detecting radio waves, Bose improved an instrument called ‘the coherer’.


In 1902 Bose wrote ‘Response in the Living and Non-living’ and in 1926 he wrote ‘The Nervous Mechanism of Plants.

He was knighted in 1917 and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920 for his amazing contributions.


He died on 23 November 1937, in Giridih, India.

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