22 May in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

22 May in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 22 May is the birth anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Devdas Mohandas Gandhi, Mehbooba Mufti, Ajay Ahuja, and Arun Kumar Aravind.

22 May is also observed as the death anniversary of Sher Shah Suri, Veturi Sundararama Murthy, and Shripad Amrit Dange.

Birth Anniversary on 22 May

22 May in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Raja Ram Mohan Roy (22 May 1772 – 27 September 1833), one of the founders of the Brahmo Sabha. He is said to be the forerunner of the Indian Renaissance and the father of modern India. He has a special place in the field of Indian social and religious renaissance. Roy was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj, the originator of the Indian linguistic press, the pioneer of the public awakening and social reform movement and the father of the New Jagran era in Bengal. The biggest achievement in the life of Raja Ram Mohan Rai was the abolition of the practice of Sati. He, by his own hard efforts, declared these malpractices illegal by the government and finally the practice of Sati is stopped in 1829. He was born on 22 May 1772 in Radha Nagar village in Hooghly district of Bengal.

Devdas Mohandas Gandhi (22 May 1900 – 3 August 1957), the fourth and youngest son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 22 May 1900 in the South African Republic.

Mehbooba Mufti, the first woman Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. After the death of Mufti Mohammad Sayyid, his Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) had chosen Mehbooba Mufti as its new candidate. Mehbooba Mufti was the Chief Minister of Kashmir from 2016 to 2018. His PDP party formed a coalition government with the BJP. In 2018, the BJP broke the alliance, after which there was no government in Kashmir. Mehbooba is an important face in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir. She is the President of the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party and is known as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha in Jammu and Kashmir. She was born on 22 May 1959 in Bijbehara, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Ajay Ahuja, a fighter pilot of the Indian Air Force who was martyred in the 1999 Kargil War in Kashmir. His death was the cause of the angriest public conflagration between India and Pakistan at the time. On 15 August 1999, Squadron Leader Ajay Ahuja was posthumously awarded the Vir Chakra. He was born on 22 May 1963 in Kota, Rajasthan.

Arun Kumar Aravind, an Indian film director, editor, and producer who predominantly works in Malayalam cinema. He was born on 22 May 1977  in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Read More: 20 May in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 22 May

22 May in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), the founder of the Suri Empire in India was one such ruler who laid the foundation of the Sur dynasty, whose stories of valor and courage have been written in golden letters in Indian history. On the strength of his valor, Sher Shah Suri sat on the bench of Delhi and made Delhi his capital. In the year 1540, Sher Shah forced the Mughal ruler Humayun to leave the battlefield after defeating him badly in the Battle of Chausa. He died on 22 May 1545 at the age of 59 in Kalinjar, Sur Empire.

Veturi Sundararama Murthy (29 January 1936 – 22 May 2010), an Indian poet and lyricist who is popular for writing Telugu songs. He spent more than 4 decades in Telegu cinema. He was born on 22 May 2010 at the age of 74 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India (present-day Telangana).

Shripad Amrit Dange (10 October 1899 – 22 May 1991), a founding member of the Communist Party of India (CPI) and a stalwart of the Indian trade union movement. To spread socialist ideas in India, he started publishing a newspaper called ‘The Socialist’. He awakened the workers and encouraged them while fighting for their interests. Shripad Amrit Dange was elected a member of the Second and Fourth Lok Sabha. He died on 22 May 1991 at the age of 91 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India.

Read More: 19 May in Indian and World History

Notable events on 22 May in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 22 May in World History are mentioned below:

22 May 1805 – Governor-General Lord Wellesley arranges for a permanent provision for the Mughal Emperor of Delhi under an order.

22 May 1912 – Herbert Charles Brown, an American chemist., and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 May 1927 George Andrew Olah, a Hungarian-American chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 May 1943 – Elizabeth Williams, a peace activist from Northern Ireland, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 May 1954 Shuji Nakamura, Japanese-born American electronics engineer, inventor, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 May 1960 – A 9.5 magnitude earthquake struck southern Chile on this day. This was the highest intensity earthquake ever recorded.

22 May 1972 – Pakistan resigns from Commonwealth membership.

22 May 1983 – Albert Claude, a Belgian-American cell biologist, medical doctor, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

 22 May 1987 – The heartbreaking Hashimpura massacre took place on this day in 1987, in which 19 jawans of Uttar Pradesh were tried for murder.

22 May 1992 – Bosnia, Slovenia, and Croatia Become a member of the association.

22 May 1996 – Michael Camadesus is elected Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund for the next five years for the third time.

22 May 1997 – Alfred Day Hershey, an American bacteriologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

22 May 2001 – Dalai Lama abandons Tibet’s demand for independence.

22 May 2008 – Pakistan was included in the 47-member Human Rights Committee of the United Nations.

22 May Historical Significance

May 22nd is a date marked by numerous significant historical events across the globe. In 334 BC, the Battle of the Granicus took place, where Alexander the Great’s army defeated Darius III of Persia, marking a pivotal moment in the Macedonian conquest of Asia. This date also commemorates the first modern atlas’ publication in 1570 by Abraham Ortelius, a landmark in cartography. In Indian history, May 22nd is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a key figure in the Indian Renaissance and the abolition of the Sati practice. Additionally, it marks the death anniversary of Sher Shah Suri, the emperor who introduced the currency of Rupee and reformed the administrative system which influenced the Mughal and British administrations. Globally, May 22nd is recognized as National Maritime Day, honoring the first transoceanic voyage by steamboat completed by the U.S.S. Savannah in 1819. Each of these events has left an indelible mark on history, shaping the cultural, political, and social landscapes of their times.

Important Days of 22 May in History

Some of the Notable events on 22 May in History are mentioned below:

  • International Day for Biological Diversity (Globally): A United Nations-sanctioned international day to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues.
  • National Maritime Day (United States): This day recognizes the maritime industry’s contribution to the country and those who serve in it.
  • National Buy a Musical Instrument Day (United States): Encourages people to play music and often coincides with deals at musical instrument shops.
  • National Solitaire Day (United States): Celebrates the popular card game, often played individually as a pastime.
  • National Vanilla Pudding Day (United States): A day to enjoy and appreciate this classic dessert.
  • Sherlock Holmes Day (United Kingdom): Commemorates the famous fictional detective created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
  • World Goth Day (Globally): An international day that celebrates the goth scene and its culture.
  • On May 22nd each year, the vibrant island of Martinique in the Caribbean celebrates a profound milestone: Slavery Abolition Day. Formerly known as Emancipation Day in certain former colonies, this occasion marks the liberation of slaves in the French overseas region of Martinique. As we delve into the rich tapestry of Martinique’s history, we uncover a story of resilience, struggle, and eventual triumph over oppression.