13 February in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk
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13 February in Indian and World History

13 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 13 February is the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu, Pandit Gopal Prasad Vyas, Rashmi Prabha, and Varun Bhati.

13 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Budhu Bhagat, Minjur Bhaktavatsalam, and Ustad Amir Khan.

Birth Anniversary

13 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sarojini Naidu (13 February 1879 – 2 March 1949), a well-known poetess and one of the best national leaders of India. She was always ahead in India’s freedom struggle. Her fellow men drew strength, courage, and energy from him. The youth power used to get inspiration to move forward from him. Due to his sharp intellect since childhood, he composed a poem called Lady of the Lake at the age of 13. She went to England for higher education in 1895 and continued to write poems along with her studies. The Golden Threshold was his first collection of poems. Her second and third poetry collections Bird of Time and Broken Wing made her a well-known poet. She was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

Pandit Gopal Prasad Vyas (13 February 1915 – 28 May 2005), one of the famous poets, writers and litterateurs of India. He was considered a poet of Brajbhasha, a critic, a penetrator of grammar, literature, rasa-riti, ornamentation, heroine-bhed and pingal. Pandit ji was the father of a new stream of satire-humor in Hindi. Gopal Prasad Vyas was considered to be the originator of patriotism in humorous rasa. He was a well-known poet and writer of social, literary, political satire-humor and was famous as ‘Hasyarasavatar’. He was born on 13 February 1915 in Govardhan, Mathura.

Varun Bhati, an Indian high jumper. Varun Bhati won the bronze medal in the men’s high jump event at the Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, while India’s Mariyappan Thangavelu won the gold medal in the event. Mariyappan Thangavelu covered 1.89m. He won the gold with a jump of 1.86m, while Bhati won the gold. Won the bronze medal while putting on the jump. He was born on 13 February 1995.

Read More: 12 February in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

13 February in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Budhu Bhagat (17 February 1792 – 13 February 1832), known as a famous revolutionary in Indian history. Their fight was against the tyranny and injustice being done by the British, landlords, and moneylenders. He died on 13 February 1832.

Minjur Bhaktavatsalam (9 October 1897 – 13 February 1987) a famous freedom fighter and former Chief Minister of Madras Province (now Tamil Nadu). He died on 13 February 1987 in Chennai.

Ustad Amir Khan (15 August 1912 – 13 February 1974), a famous Indian classical music singer. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in the year 1971 by the Government of India in the field of arts.

Read More: 11 February in Indian and World History

Notable events on 13 February in Indian and World History

13 February 1542 – Queen of England Catherine Hawaii was put to death.

13 February 1565 – The coronation of King Henry III of France at Reims.

13 February 1601 – John Lancaster led the first voyage of the East India Company to London.

13 February 1633 – The Italian astronomer Galileo was arrested upon reaching Rome.

13 February 1688 – Spain accepted Portugal as a separate nation.

13 February 1689 – William and Mary were declared joint rulers of England.

13 February 1769 – Ivan Andreyevich Krylov, Russia’s best-known fabulist and probably the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors, was born.

13 February 1795 – The first state university in America opened in North Carolina.

13 February 1820 – Duck ki Berry, a claimant to the French throne, was assassinated.

13 February 1861 – The French II of Naples lay down arms before Giuseppe Garibaldi.

13 February 1873 Fyodor Shalyapin, a Russian opera singer who was one of the most celebrated basses of the 20th century, was born.

13 February 1910 – William Shockley an American physicist, inventor, and Nobel Laureate, was born.

13 February 1920 – The Negro National League of Baseball was established in America.

13 February 1931 – New Delhi was declared the capital of India.

13 February 1945 – The Soviet Union captured the Hungarian capital Budapest after a 49-day war with Germany, in which one lakh 59 thousand people died.

13 February 1948 – The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi started his fast unto death on this day.

13 February 1966 – The Soviet Union conducted a nuclear test in East Kazakhstan.

13 February 1975 – Turkey established a separate administration in the northern part of Cyprus.

13 February 1977 Carolina Maria de Jesus, a Brazilian outskirts memorialist, died.

13 February 1984 – Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi launched Mazagon Dock in Mumbai for the Navy.

13 February 1990 – The United States, Britain, and France agreed to reunify Germany.

13 February 2001 – The first unmanned spacecraft landed in space on the asteroid ‘Eros’.

13 February 2003 – Yash Chopra received the Dadasaheb Phalke Award.

13 February 2004 – The Indian team won the gold medal at the 10th Asian Shooting Championship in Kuala Lumpur.

13 February 2005 – The victory of the Shia Islamic Front in Iraq’s first election since Saddam Hussein.

13 February 2007 – North Korea agreed to end its nuclear program.

13 February 2010 – a bomb exploded in a bakery near a Jewish prayer place in Pune, Maharashtra, India’s most famous state, killing 17 people and injuring 60.

13 February 2012 – the European Space Agency conducted the first launch of the European Vega rocket from a spaceport in Europe.

13 February 2014 – an explosion at an illegal gambling house in the city of Cali, China, killed 14 people and seriously injured 17.

13 February is celebrated as World Radio Day to raise awareness about the importance of Radio. Several countries consider it to be the most important source of information.

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