12 December in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

12 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 12 December is the birth anniversary of Balakrishna Shivram Munje, Rajinikanth, Hemant Karkare, and Yuvraj Singh.

12 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Maithili Sharan Gupt.

Birth Anniversary

12 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Balakrishna Shivram Munje (12 December 1872 – 3 March 1948), was an Indian freedom fighter and member of the Hindu Mahasabha. He was the President of ‘All India Hindu Mahasabha’ from 1927 to 1928. B. s. Munje contributed a lot to the formation of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He was the political guru of Sangh’s founder Keshav Baliram Hedgewar.

Rajinikanth – Tamil Superstar Rajinikanth is worshiped like God by the people. Due to his unique and unique style, this superstar of the Tamil region became famous all over India. After this, he gave such memorable films one by one in Tamil and Hindi cinema which left a deep impression on the mind of the audience. He was born on 12 December 1950.


Hemant Karkare (12 December 1954 – 26 November 2008), the head of the Anti-Terrorist Squad of Mumbai. Hemant Karkare was martyred while bravely facing the serial blasts and firing in Mumbai on 26 November 2008. He was born on 12 December 1954.

Yuvraj Singh is an Indian cricketer. He had hit 6 sixes in 6 balls against England in T-20 World Cup 2007 and holds the world record for scoring a half-century in 12 balls in T-20. The Indian cricket team won the World Cup 2011 held in Asia, Yuvraj Singh, who played an important role in it, was adjudged ‘Man of the Tournament. He was also honored with the “Padma Shri” award in 2014. He was born on 12 December 1981.

Read More: 11 December in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

12 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Maithili Sharan Gupt (3 August 1886 – 12 December 1964), was the first important poet of Khari Boli. With the inspiration of Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, he made Khari Boli the medium of his compositions and worked tirelessly to make Khari Boli a poetic language through poetry. In this way, leaving the rich poetic language like Brajbhasha, being adapted to the time and context, new poets made it the medium of their poetic expression. This is the biggest contribution of Gupta ji in the history of Hindi poetry. He died on 12 December 1964.

Read More: 10 December in Indian and World History

Notable events on 12 December in Indian and World History

12 December 1232 – Iltutmish, the ruler of the Slave dynasty, captured Gwalior.

12 December 1787 – Pennsylvania became the second province to adopt the US Constitution.

12 December 1800 – Washington DC was made the capital of America.

12 December 1822 – Mexico was officially recognized by the US as an independent nation.

12 December 1884 – The first cricket test match was played between Australia and England.

12 December 1911 – The capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.

12 December 1911 – George V and Mary came to India as Emperor of India.

12 December 1915 – the Chinese President, Yuan Xi, restored the monarchy and declared himself Emperor of China.

12 December 1917 – 543 people died when a French army train derailed in the French Alps.

12 December 1923 – In Italy, the Po River dam burst, killing 600 people.

12 December 1936 – Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declared war on Japan.

12 December 1947 – The Iranian Imperial Army recaptured power in Azerbaijan.

12 December 1958 – Guinea became a member of the United Nations.

12 December 1963 – Kenya became independent.

12 December 1963 – Yasujiro Ozu a visionary Japanese filmmaker who significantly contributed to the world of cinema, died.

12 December 1971 – All the facilities provided by the Indian Parliament to the former kings were canceled.

12 December 1981 – Former Peruvian representative Javier Perez de Cuyar at the UN. Elected General Secretary of the Union.

12 December 1990 – T. N. Seshan became the Chief Election Commissioner.

12 December 1996 – a 30-year treaty was signed between India and Bangladesh on the sharing of Ganga water.

12 December 2001 – India gave two Cheetah helicopters and weapons to Nepal.

12 December 2020 – Jack Steinberger, a renowned physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

12 December Historical Significance

December 12 has witnessed several significant events throughout history. In 1787, Pennsylvania became the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, contributing to the formation of the nation’s foundational laws. Fast forward to 1901, when the first Nobel Prizes were awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, recognizing outstanding contributions in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. Additionally, on December 12, 1915, the iconic entertainer Frank Sinatra was born, whose legacy continues to influence music and popular culture. Moreover, in 2000, the United States Supreme Court delivered its ruling in Bush v. Gore, effectively deciding the outcome of the disputed 2000 presidential election. These events underscore the diverse and enduring impact of December 12 on politics, culture, and global recognition.

Important Days of 12 December in History

International Universal Health Coverage Day: This day aims to raise awareness of the need for strong and equitable health systems worldwide, ensuring that everyone can access the health services they need without facing financial hardship.

National Poinsettia Day (United States): Recognizing the beautiful red and green plant commonly associated with Christmas, National Poinsettia Day celebrates the plant’s cultural and economic significance.

Independence Day of Kenya: Commemorating Kenya’s independence from British colonial rule in 1963, this day is celebrated with various events and ceremonies across the country.