11 December in Indian and World History
11 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 11 December is the birth anniversary of Dilip Kumar, Osho Rajneesh, Pranab Mukherjee, and Viswanathan Anand.
11 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya, Kavi Pradeep, and Ravi Shankar.
11 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Dilip Kumar (11 December 1922 – 7 July 2021), a well-known actor in Hindi cinema. He was also a former member of the Rajya Sabha. Dilip Kumar’s real name was ‘Mohammed Yusuf Khan’. He was considered one of the finest actors of his era and was also known as the ‘Tragedy King’ due to his role in tragic roles. He was born on 11 December 1922.
Osho Rajneesh (11 December 1931 – 19 January 1990), became famous for his controversial new religious (spiritual) movement and lived in India and the United States. He was born on 11 December 1931.
Pranab Mukherjee (11 December 1935 – 31 August 2020), the 13th President of India. He was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) led by the Indian National Congress appointed him as the Presidential candidate of India in July 2012, and in the presidential election, Pranab Mukherjee replaced the opposition candidate. He won by defeating Sangma. On 25 July 2012, Pranab Mukherjee became the 13th President of India by taking the oath of office. He was born on 11 December 1935.
Viswanathan Anand, an Indian chess player, and the first Grandmaster of India. In 1987, he became the first Indian to win the FIDE World Junior Chess Championship. In 1988, he became the first Indian to receive the Grandmaster title by winning the Shakti Finance International chess tournament held in Coimbatore, India. In 1988, he received Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India. He was born on 11 December 1969.
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Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya (12 May 1875 – 11 December 1949), a philosopher at the University of Calcutta, studied Hindu philosophy. He died on 11 December 1949.
Kavi Pradeep (6 February 1915 – 11 December 1998), originally named ‘Ramchandra Narayanji Dwivedi’. Pradeep was a strong creator of Hindi literature and the Hindi film world. Poet Pradeep is known for his patriotic songs like ‘Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon’. He wrote this song in tribute to the soldiers who died during the ‘India-China War’ of 1962. He died on 11 December 1998 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Ravi Shankar (7 April 1920 – 11 December 2012), the greatest proclaimer of the excellence of Indian classical music in the world. He earned fame as a Sitar player. Ravi Shankar and Sitara are as if made for each other. He was considered one of the greatest musicians of this century. Ravi Shankar gained a lot of fame abroad. He was very popular and successful abroad. A kind of spiritual peace is found in the music of Ravi Shankar. He died on 11 December 2012.
Read More: 9 December in Indian and World History
Notable events on 11 December in Indian and World history
11 December 1687 – The East India Company created a municipal corporation in Madras (India).
11 December 1845 – The First Anglo-Sikh War started.
11 December 1858 – Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Yadunath Bose became the first graduates of arts from the University of Calcutta.
11 December 1937 – The European country of Italy came out of the Allied League.
11 December 1941 – Germany and Italy declared war on America. First Italian ruler Benito Mussolini and then German dictator Adolf Hitler made this announcement.
11 December 1946 – Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the President of the Constituent Assembly of India.
11 December 1946 – The European country of Spain was suspended from the United Nations.
11 December 1960 – a special postage stamp of 15 new paise was issued in honor of UNICEF, an international organization engaged in child development.
11 December 1983 – General H.M. Ershad declared himself the President of Bangladesh.
11 December 1994 – The then President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, attacked Chechen rebels and sent troops to their territory.
11 December 1998 – At the 23rd Cairo International Film Festival, Ayesha Dharker was awarded the Jury Award for Best Role in the Tamil film Terrorist.
11 December 2001 – China got entry into the World Trade Organization.
11 December 2002 – Spanish Marines captured a North Korean ship in the Arabian Sea, which was loaded with Scud missiles.
11 December 2003 – 73 countries signed the first Anti-Corruption Agreement in Merida.
11 December 2007 – Rail service between North and South Korea resumed after 50 years.
11 December 2014 – International Yoga Day, which was initiated by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Damodardas Modi by placing it in the United Nations, which was approved by the United Nations.
11 December is observed as International Mountain Day. It is celebrated on 11 December every year to educate children and people about the role that mountains play in providing freshwater, clean energy, food, and recreation. The theme of International Mountain Day 2021 is “Sustainable Mountain tourism”.
11 December is also observed as UNICEF Day.