The Nobel Prize in chemistry 2021 is awarded to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan | Source: Twitter/The Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 was awarded jointly to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.” Benjamin List and David MacMillan are awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 because in 2000 they, independent of each other, developed a third type of catalysis. It is called asymmetric organocatalysis and builds upon small organic molecules.
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 6, 2021
Catalysts are thus fundamental tools for chemists, but researchers long believed that there were, in principle, just two types of catalysts available: metals and enzymes. The New laureates developed a third type of catalysis. Organic catalysts have a stable framework of carbon atoms, to which more active chemical groups can attach. These often contain common elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, or phosphorus. This means that these catalysts are both environmentally friendly and cheap to produce.
Benjamin List, born in 1968 in Frankfurt, Germany. Ph.D. 1997 from Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany. Director of the Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. David W.C. MacMillan, born 1968 in Bellshill, UK. Ph.D. 1996 from University of California, Irvine, USA. Professor at Princeton University, USA.
Prize amount of 10 million Swedish kronor, to be shared equally between the Laureates.
The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to French scientist Emmanuelle Charpentier and American scientist Jennifer A. Doudna “for the development of a method for genome editing.”
The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor (more than USD 1.14 million), courtesy of a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel who died in 1895.
The Nobel Prize awarding institutions have decided to announce their 2021 prize decisions. the distribution will begin on 04 October and conclude on 11 October. On 7th October, The Swedish Academy will announce the Nobel prize in Literature for 2021.