The Date was 26 January and the year 1930 when Indian national congress demanded Poorna swaraj or complete independence in its Lahore session the dream that partly came true on 15th august 1947, when India became an independent dominion in the British commonwealth of nations and first prime minister pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave the famous speech A Tryst with destiny. It took just nearly three years to make India a republic by drafting and enacting the book with 117,369 English words, 444 articles in 22 parts and 12 schedules, the book that binds 1.3 billion Indians together the book which is the constitution of India.
Brief History of Indian Constitution
The constituent assembly which first met on 9 December 1946 undertook this mammoth task in the able leadership of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and it took precisely 2 years 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft. On 9th December 1946 the first meeting of the constituent assembly was held in the constitution hall demanding a separate state, the Muslim league boycotted the meeting. On 13 December 1946, an objective resolution was moved by Nehru in the assembly it became the preamble of the constitution. On 14th august 1947 proposal for creation of committees is Tabled, On 29th august 1947 drafting committee was established, On 6 December 1947 constituent assembly formally convince for the first-time following elections to start the process of writing a constitution between 1948 to 1949 constituency only meets in sessions open to the public. On 26 November 1949 constituent assembly adopts final draft making it official. First meeting of the constituent assembly was attended by 205 members including nine women under the chairmanship of Dr. Sachitanda Sinha on 9 December 1946. The first session of the constitution assembly was held on 11 December 1946 where Dr. Rajendra prasad was unanimously elected as its president. Dr. Rajendra prasad signed the Indian constitution on 24 January 1950, and On 26 January 1950 constitution of India came into effect. Dr B.R Ambedkar was sworn in as the first law minister of independent India on 31 January 1950. The original constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. The constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the survey of India. The constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and the honourable members appended their signatures to it on 24 January 1950. In all 284 members signed the constitution, on that day when the constitution was being signed it was drizzling outside and it was interpreted as a sign of a good omen.
Along with the constitution the National Emblem was also adopted on 26 January 1950 the day India was declared a republic. Though a representation of Lion Capital of Ashoka was initially adopted as the Emblem of the dominion of India in December 1947. But, the current version of the Emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic.