Celebrating Latvia Day of Independence

Saurav Singh

Latvia Independence Day marks the proud moment when Latvia reclaimed its sovereignty and emerged as a nation with its own identity. This day is a heartfelt reminder of the resilience and determination of the Latvian people, who stood united for the freedom of their homeland. The streets come alive with the colors of the Latvian flag, as joyful celebrations and solemn ceremonies blend into a rich tapestry of national pride. It’s a time to reflect on the country’s journey, honor the past, and look forward to a future built on the foundations of liberty and democracy. As families gather and communities engage in festivities, the spirit of independence resonates through the hearts of all Latvians, echoing the enduring message of unity and hope.


Latvia, a country in northeastern Europe, has a rich and complex history that spans thousands of years. Here’s a detailed overview:

Prehistoric Period The history of Latvia began around 9000 BC with the end of the last glacial period in northern Europe. Ancient Baltic peoples arrived in the area during the second millennium BC, and four distinct tribal realms in Latvia’s territory were identifiable towards the end of the first millennium AD.

Ancient Period The first historically documented connection between the Balts and the civilization of the Mediterranean world was based on the ancient amber trade. During the 10th and 11th centuries, Latvian lands were subject to a double pressure: from the east, there was Slavic penetration; from the west came the Swedish push toward the shores of Courland.

Medieval Period During the time of the Crusades, German—or, more precisely, Saxon—overseas expansion reached the eastern shores of the Baltic. Because the people occupying the coast of Latvia were the Livs, the German invaders called the country Livland, a name rendered in Latin as Livonia. In the mid-12th century, German merchants from Lübeck and Bremen were visiting the estuary of the Western Dvina; these visits were followed by the arrival of German missionaries.

Modern Period After centuries of Teutonic, Swedish, Polish-Lithuanian, and Russian rule, which was mainly implemented through the local Baltic German aristocracy, the independent Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 after breaking away from the German Empire in the aftermath of World War I. The country became increasingly autocratic after the coup in 1934 established the dictatorship of Kārlis Ulmanis. Latvia, which was occupied and annexed by the U.S.S.R. in June 1940, declared its independence on August 21, 1991. The U.S.S.R. recognized its sovereignty on September 6, and United Nations membership followed shortly thereafter.


Latvia’s Independence Day, celebrated on November 18th, marks the country’s declaration of independence from Russian rule in 1918, following the turmoil of World War I and the Russian Revolution. This day is a significant national holiday in Latvia, commemorating the country’s struggle for sovereignty and reflecting on its complex history of foreign dominion. The initial declaration was a bold step towards self-determination, but it was not until 1920 that Latvia’s independence was internationally recognized following a period of conflict. The interwar period saw Latvia’s development as a democratic state, which was abruptly halted by World War II and subsequent Soviet occupation. It wasn’t until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 that Latvia regained its independence, reaffirming the significance of November 18th as a symbol of resilience and national identity. Today, the day is observed with various public events, including parades, concerts, and the singing of the national anthem, “Dievs, svētī Latviju!” (God Bless Latvia), by Latvians worldwide at a synchronized time. The celebration is a testament to the enduring spirit of the Latvian people and their commitment to preserving their culture and freedom.


Latvia’s Independence Day, celebrated on November 18th, holds profound significance as it commemorates the nation’s declaration of independence from foreign rule in 1918. This day is a tribute to Latvia’s resilience and the spirit of unity among its people. It marks the historical events that led to the establishment of Latvia as a sovereign state, following the turmoil of World War I and the Russian Revolution. The People’s Council of Latvia seized the moment of geopolitical shifts to proclaim independence, which was later solidified by the Treaty of Riga in 1920. Today, Latvia Independence Day is a national holiday, observed with various ceremonies, cultural activities, and a sense of pride in the nation’s journey towards freedom, democracy, and national identity.


Latvia’s Independence Day, known as Proclamation Day, is a significant national holiday celebrated on November 18th. It commemorates the historic declaration of independence from Russia in 1918. The day is marked with a variety of festivities, including a grand military parade, public concerts, and the beloved torchlight processions that illuminate the streets of Riga. A poignant moment is the collective singing of the Latvian national anthem, “Dievs, svētī Latviju!” (God Bless Latvia), which resonates with unity and pride across the nation and among Latvians worldwide.



  • Attend the grand military parade at the 11 November Embankment in Riga, showcasing the might and history of the Latvian National Armed Forces.
  • Participate in the torchlight procession, a tradition that dates back to the 1920s, culminating at the Freedom Monument.
  • Lay flowers at the Freedom Monument to honor those who fought for Latvia’s independence.
  • Join the simultaneous singing of the Latvian national anthem, “Dievs, svētī Latviju!” at 21:00 EET, a modern tradition uniting Latvians worldwide.
  • Enjoy cultural events including concerts and fireworks, celebrating Latvia’s rich heritage and national identity.


Here are some interesting facts about LATVIA INDEPENDENCE DAY:

  • Latvia’s Independence Day, also known as Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia, is celebrated on November 18th.
  • This day marks the anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence of Latvia by the People’s Council of Latvia in 1918.
  • A variety of public events, including concerts and fireworks, are held across the country to celebrate this occasion.
  • One of the most notable traditions is a torchlight procession in the capital city, Riga, which has been a part of the celebrations since the 1920s.
  • At 21:00 EET, people around the world sing the Latvian national anthem, “Dievs, svētī Latviju!” (God Bless Latvia), as a modern tradition established in 2009.
  • The Latvian National Armed Forces parade is a long-standing tradition, now held at the 11 November Embankment in Riga and broadcast on Latvian Television.
  • Since joining NATO in 2004, Latvia’s Independence Day parades have also featured participation from allied partner countries.
  • The history of Latvia’s road to independence is marked by periods of occupation and the struggle to retain its lands and identity, with a significant re-declaration of independence from the Soviet Union on August 21, 1991.
  • Latvia’s first awakening in the 1850s and the ‘New Current’ movement in 1886 were pivotal in sparking the national revival that eventually led to the proclamation of independence.
  • The Day of the Restoration of Latvian Independence is another significant holiday, celebrated on May 4th, marking the restoration of independence in 1990.


Year Date Day
2024 November 18 Monday
2025 November 18 Tuesday
2026 November 18 Wednesday
2027 November 18 Thursday
2028 November 18 Saturday