Image Courtesy: Google Doodle

Francisco Pascasio Moreno (31 May 852 – 22 November 1919) was a prominent explorer and academic in Argentina, where he is usually referred to as Perito Moreno (Perito means “specialist, expert”). Perito Moreno has been credited as one of the most influential figures in the Argentine incorporation of large parts of Patagonia and its subsequent development.

Life and Career

Francisco Pascasio Moreno was born on May 31, 1852, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He grew up with a passion for nature and exploration, and from a young age, he showed a keen interest in studying the indigenous cultures and natural history of Argentina.

Career: Moreno’s career was marked by his extensive explorations of Patagonia, a region in southern Argentina. He embarked on numerous expeditions, meticulously mapping and documenting the area’s geography, flora, fauna, and archaeological sites. His work significantly contributed to the scientific understanding of Patagonia and its indigenous communities.


Moreno played a crucial role in establishing national parks and reserves in Argentina. He advocated for the protection of natural and cultural heritage, aiming to preserve the unique ecosystems and indigenous cultures of the region. His efforts were instrumental in the creation of Nahuel Huapi National Park, the first national park in Argentina, as well as the Perito Moreno National Park in Santa Cruz Province, which was named in his honor.

In addition to his exploration and conservation work, Moreno also served in various governmental positions. He was appointed as the director of the Argentine National Museum of Natural Sciences and worked tirelessly to expand its collections and promote scientific research.

Death: Francisco Pascasio Moreno passed away on November 22, 1919, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, at the age of 67. His death marked the end of a remarkable career dedicated to the exploration and preservation of Patagonia’s natural and cultural heritage.


Award and Legacy

Moreno received several prestigious awards and honors during his lifetime. in 1907, he received Founder’s Medal and in 1909, he was awarded with Cullum Geographical Medal.

Francisco Pascasio Moreno’s legacy is multifaceted and enduring. His exploration and documentation of Patagonia provided valuable scientific knowledge about the region’s geography, flora, fauna, and archaeological sites. He played a vital role in raising awareness about the need to protect and preserve the natural and cultural heritage of Argentina.

Moreno’s advocacy for conservation led to the establishment of national parks and reserves, which continue to safeguard Patagonia’s unique ecosystems and cultural traditions. His name lives on through the Perito Moreno National Park, named in his honor, and the Perito Moreno Glacier, one of the most iconic natural landmarks in Argentina.

Moreover, Moreno’s contributions to the scientific community and his commitment to education and research laid the foundation for future generations of naturalists, explorers, and conservationists in Argentina. His work continues to inspire and inform efforts to study and protect the natural world.


Overall, Francisco Pascasio Moreno’s dedication to exploration, preservation, and education left an indelible mark on the understanding and appreciation of Patagonia’s natural and cultural heritage, cementing his status as a revered figure in Argentine history.

On 31 May 2012, Google celebrated Francisco Pascasio Moreno’s 160th Birthday with a doodle.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,