30 May in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

30 May in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 30 May is the birth anniversary of Pandit Mukharam Sharma, Suresh Hariprasad Joshi, Velu Narayanasamy, and Paresh Rawal.

30 May is also observed as the death anniversary of Guru Arjan, Narayan Malhar Joshi, Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma, and Rituparno Ghosh.

Birth Anniversary on 30 May

30 May in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Pandit Mukharam Sharma (30 May 1909 – 26 April 2000), a well-known screenwriter of his time in ‘Indian Cinema’. He arrived in Mayanagri Mumbai from Meerut as an ordinary person and got a great status in the film world as a writer of fiction, screenplay, and dialogue. Film distributors from all over India used to call Mukharam Sharma and ask who his next film was and with whom. At that time Mukhramji’s answer was guaranteed to sell all rights to a film overnight. Distributors and producers used to make regular visits to his house to keep track of what he was writing. He had the exclusive right to sell his stories to the producers and directors of his choice. He was born on 30 May 1909 in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.

Suresh Hariprasad Joshi, an Indian novelist, short-story writer, literary critic, poet, translator, editor, and academic in the Gujarati language. He led the modernist movement in Gujarati literature along with his teaching career. He was a prolific writer and he transformed the field of literary criticism. He was known for his notable works Grihapravesh (1957), Janantike (1965), Chhinnapatra (1965), Maranottar (1973), Chintayami Manasa (1983). He was born on 30 May 1921 Valod, Bardoli, Bombay presidency, British India.

Velu Narayanasamy, an Indian politician who served as the 10th Chief Minister of Puducherry from 2016 to 2021. He belongs to the Indian National Congress political party. He previously served as a Member of Parliament, representing Puducherry in the Lok Sabha. He is a member of the Congress Working Committee as well as the All India Congress Committee’s General Secretary. He was born on 30 May 1947 in Pondichéry, French India (now Puducherry, India).

Paresh Rawal, an Indian actor, comedian, film producer, and politician known for his works notably in Hindi and few Telugu films. He was a member of parliament in the Lok Sabha of the Indian Parliament representing the Ahmedabad East constituency from 2014 to 2019. He belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) political party. He was famous for his roles in movies such as Andaz Apna Apna (1994), Chachi 420 (1997), Hera Pheri (2000), Nayak (2001), Aankhen (2002), Awara Paagal Deewana (2002), Hungama (2003), Hulchul (2004), Deewane Huye Paagal (2005), Phir Hera Pheri (2006), Golmaal: Fun Unlimited (2006), Bhagam Bhag (2006), Malamaal Weekly (2006), Bhool Bhulaiyaa (2007), Welcome (2007), Atithi Tum Kab Jaoge? (2010), Ready (2010), OMG – Oh My God! (2012), Welcome Back (2015), Dharam Sankat Mein (2015), Patel Ki Punjabi Shaadi (2017), Tiger Zinda Hai (2017), Sanju (2018), and Coolie No. 1 (2020). He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India, for his contributions to the entertainment industry. Paresh was born on 30 May 1955 in Bombay, Bombay State, India.

Read More: 28 May in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 30 May

30 May in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Guru Arjan (15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606), the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjan reorganized the Masands system initiated by Guru Ram Das, by suggesting that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one-tenth of their income, goods, or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand). He died on 30 May 1606 t the age 0f 43 in Lahore, Mughal Empire.

Narayan Malhar Joshi (5 June 1879 – 30 May 1955), the father of the ‘Trade Union Movement’ in India. He replaced the ‘All India Trade Union Congress’ in 1920 and was its secretary until 1929. Due to the influence of the Communists in the Congress, he left the Congress and formed a new organization called the ‘Trade Union Confederation’. He was also an elected member of the Central Legislative Assembly, Delhi. N.M Joshi continued to lead the moderate section in the All-India Trade Union Congress for a long time. He was also a member of the ‘Central Pay Commission’ in 1947 AD. Joshi also took interest in social service and established many hospitals for women and children. He also established schools for industrial training. He died on 30 May 1955 in Mumbai.

Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma (10 October 1912 – 30 May 2000), a well-known critic, essayist, thinker, and poet in modern Hindi literature. He was India’s first ‘Vyas Samman’ winner. Ramvilas Sharma was a major pillar of the Progressive Review System in Hindi. He died on 30 May 2000.

Rituparno Ghosh (31 August 1963 – 30 May 2013), an Indian film director, actor, writer, and lyricist. He got recognition for his second feature film Unishe April which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film. Ghosh was mainly influenced by the works of Satyajit Ray and was a fervent reader of Rabindranath Tagore. He died on 30 May 2013 due to heart attack at the age of just 49 in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Read More: 27 May in Indian and World History

Notable events on 30 May in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 30 May in World History are mentioned below:

30 May 1498 – Columbus set out on a voyage to America for the third time with 6 ships.

30 May 1539 – Hernando de Soto of Spain discovered Florida.

30 May 1646 – Spain and the Netherlands signed an armistice agreement.

30 May 1826 – “Udanta Martand” The first Hindi newspaper started in 1826, so Hindi Journalism Day is also celebrated on this day.

30 May 1846 – Peter Carl Fabergé – a Russian jeweller best known for the famous Fabergé eggs – was born.

30 May 1867 – Dar-ul-Uloom was established in 1867 in Deoband, Uttar Pradesh.

30 May 1896 – The first automobile accident occurred in New York City, USA.

30 May 1919 – Rabindranath Tagore returned the title of ‘Sir’ in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

30 May 1949 – The East German Constitution was adopted.

30 May 1960  Boris Pasternak, a Russian poet, novelist, composer and literary translator, died.

30 May 1966 – American aircraft bombed North Vietnam.

30 May 1975 – The European Space Agency was formed.

30 May 1987 – Goa became the 25th full state in the country.

30 May 1996 – 6-year-old boy Gedhun Choki Naiya was elected the new Panchen Lama.

30 May 1998 – A massive earthquake in northern Afghanistan killed 5,000 people.

30 May 2004 – The hostage crisis in Saudi Arabia ended but 22, including two Indians, were killed.

30 May 2008 – The Taliban captured a district in Afghanistan.

30 May 2011 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, an American medical physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

30 May 2012 – Vishwanathan Anand became the World Chess Champion for the fifth time.

30 May Historical Significance

May 30th is a date marked by a multitude of significant historical events that have shaped various aspects of world history. On this day in 1431, during the Hundred Years’ War, the 19-year-old French heroine Joan of Arc was burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal in Rouen, France, a pivotal moment in French history that would later see her canonized as a saint. The day also commemorates the founding of the University of Marburg in Germany in 1527, one of the oldest universities in the world and a center for Protestant theology. In 1539, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto’s expedition landed in Florida, marking a significant event in the European exploration of the Americas. Furthermore, May 30th saw political upheavals and alliances, such as the signing of the Treaty of Fontainebleau in 1631 between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance during the Thirty Years’ War. The Peace of Prague was signed on this day in 1635, effectively ending the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years’ War. In England, all honors granted by Charles I were retrospectively annulled by Parliament in 1642, reflecting the turbulent political climate of the time.

Additionally, the day has witnessed scientific advancements and cultural milestones. In 1667, Margaret Cavendish became the first woman to attend a meeting of the Royal Society, observing demonstrations by scientists Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. This event is a testament to the gradual, albeit slow, inclusion of women in the scientific community.

Important Days of 30 May in History

Some of the Notable events on 30 May in History are mentioned below:

Goa Statehood Day (India): Marks the day when Goa was recognized as a state of India, celebrating its history and culture.