29 August in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.29 August is the birth anniversary of Jivraj Narayan Mehta, Dhyan Chand, K. Radhakrishnan, and Madhav Shrihari Aney.
29 August is also observed as the death anniversary of Tushar Kanti Ghosh, and Banarsi Das Gupta.
29 August in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Jivraj Narayan Mehta (29 August 1887 – 7 November 1978), a prominent Indian physician and country servant. He had the distinction of becoming the first Chief Minister of Gujarat State. Mehta Ji was a very meritorious and talented student from his student life. He had formed the ‘Indian Association’ in his student life itself. It was here that he had contact with the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi and he became an associate of Gandhiji. Gandhiji used to take his every medical consultation from Dr. Jivraj Mehta. This relationship between Gandhi ji and Mehta Ji remained for life. Jivraj Mehta participated in the ‘Salt Satyagraha’ of 1930 and ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942 and was sentenced to jail. He was Born on 29 August 1887 in Gujrat.
Dhyan Chand (29 August 1905 – 9 December 1979), a former player and captain of Indian field hockey. He is counted among the best players of India and world hockey. He was born in a Brahmin family. He was a member of the Indian hockey team that won three Olympic gold medals (including the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, Los Angeles Olympics of 1932 and Berlin Olympics of 1936). His date of birth is celebrated as “National Sports Day” in India. He is called the magician of hockey. He scored more than 1000 goals in his playing life. When he used to come out to play in the field, the ball used to stick to his hockey stick. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s prestigious civilian honor, in 1956. Apart from this, many organizations and famous people have been demanding to be honored with ‘Bharat Ratna’ from time to time. But now with the Bharatiya Janata Party government at the center, the possibility of giving him this honor has increased a lot. Sports Minister Vijay Goel wrote a letter to the Prime Minister, demanding Bharat Ratna to Dhyan Chand. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s prestigious civilian honor, in 1956. Dhyan Chand was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1956 in the field of sports. He was Born on 29 August 1905 in Utter Pradesh.
K. Radhakrishnan, the top scientist of India. He has been the Chairman of the Space Commission of the Government of India, the Secretary of the Department of Space, and the Chairman of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). A technocratic expert, a proactive and result-oriented manager with good personal and inter-personal characteristics, an ingenious institution builder with a critical attitude, an able administrator with a positive attitude, and a vision for imparting leadership skills to the younger generation. Radhakrishnan is well known. He is an inspirational leader who deserves this credit. His distinguished career spanning over 40 years in space technology, applications, and space program management has been punctuated by many achievements. Dr. Radhakrishnan has also contributed to the field of education in many ways. He has authored and co-authored more than 55 publications. He was born on 29 August 1949 in Kerala.
Madhav Shrihari Aney (29 August 1880 – 26 January 1968), the freedom fighters who fought for the independence of India. His father was a learned man. Madhav Srihari Ane was highly influenced by Lokmanya Tilak. He was also a member of the ‘Indian National Congress’ for some time. During Gandhi’s ‘Salt Satyagraha’, he also served jail time. From 1943 to 1947, he was also the High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka. After attaining independence, he was also made the governor of Bihar. When the ‘Home Rule League’ was established, Ane was also among its vice-presidents. From 1921 to 1930 he presided over the Vidarbha Pradesh Congress Committee. He was also a member of the executive committee of the ‘Indian National Congress’ for some years. He was elected a member of the Central Assembly on behalf of the ‘Swarajya Party’ and became a minister of his party there. He also went to jail during the ‘Salt Satyagraha. He was Born on 29 August 1880 in Mumbai.
Read More: 28 August Indian and World History
29 August in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Tushar Kanti Ghosh (21 September 1898 – 29 August 1994), an Indian journalist and author. For sixty years, until shortly before his death, Ghosh was the editor of the English-language Amrita Bazar Patrika newspaper in Kolkata. He also served as the leader of prominent journalism organizations such as the International Press Institute and the Commonwealth Press Union. Ghosh was known as the “grand old man of Indian journalism” and “the dean of Indian journalism” for his contributions to the country’s free press. In addition to his work as a journalist, Ghosh wrote fictional novels and children’s books. In 1964, he was a recipient of the third-highest civilian honor of India, the Padma Bhushan, for his contributions to literature and education. He died on 29 August 1994.
Banarsi Das Gupta (5 November 1917 – 29 August 2007), a former Chief Minister of the state of Haryana. Being a freedom fighter, he lived social, political, and public life in his own style. Banaras Das Gupta was an advocate of the Hindi language and a realistic ideal Janna yak. He had made a valuable contribution to the progress of Haryana by strengthening national unity and integrity. He contributed to the field of political awakening and social reform through ‘Apna Dash’, ‘Haryana Kesari’ and ‘Haryana Congress Patrika’. Seeing the activities of Banaras Das Gupta ji, he was arrested in the princely state of Jind in 1941 AD and imprisoned in Faridkot jail. Banaras Das Gupta also participated in the ‘Quit India Movement and was imprisoned from 1942 to 1944 AD. He died on 29 August 2007.
Read More: 27 August Indian and World History
Notable events on 29 August in Indian and World History
29 August 1612 – In the Battle of Surat, the British defeated the Portuguese.
29 August 1904 – Werner Forssmann, a German researcher, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
29 August 1943 – Arthur B. McDonald, a Canadian astrophysicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
29 August 1947 – The ‘Education Department’ dedicated to education in India under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was re-established. Although the name of this department
29 August 1947 – The Central Government of India under its leadership continues the task of formulating and overseeing the implementation of educational policies and programs.
29 August 1947 – Under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, a Drafting Committee was constituted by the Constituent Assembly of India to draft the Constitution.
29 August 1949 – The Soviet Union secretly tested its first nuclear bomb. Thus, another country entered the field of nuclear weapons along with America and the balance of power was established between the two countries. This was followed by the Cold War between the United States and Russia, which continued until the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
29 August 1947 – Establishment of Lok Dal Party under the chairmanship of Chaudhary Charan Singh.
29 August 1958 – Michael Joseph Jackson, an iconic American singer, songwriter, dancer, and philanthropist was born.
29 August 2018 – James Alexander Mirrlees, a British economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.
This day is celebrated National Sports Day on 29 August to mark the birth anniversary of the great hockey player Major Dhyan Chand. Every year in India on 29 August on his birthday to pay respect to India’s great and classic hockey player ‘Major Dhyan Chand Singh’, who got India’s gold medal in the Olympic Games, known all over the world as ‘the magician of hockey. It is celebrated as National Sports Day. The Government of India honored Dhyan Chand with the country’s third-highest civilian honor, the Padma Bhushan, in 1956. Therefore, his birthday i.e., 29 August is celebrated as National Sports Day in India.
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