Manne Siegbahn (3 December 1886 – 26 September 1978) was a Swedish physicist. In 1924, Manne Siegbahn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Life and Career
Manne Siegbahn was born on 3 December 1886, in Örebro, Sweden. He attended primary and secondary schools in Örebro before pursuing higher education.
Siegbahn studied at Uppsala University in Sweden, where he earned his Bachelor’s degree in 1906 and his Ph.D. in physics in 1911. His doctoral thesis focused on X-ray spectroscopy, a field that would become his life’s work.
After completing his doctorate, Siegbahn held academic positions at Uppsala University, including becoming a lecturer in physics. He continued his research in X-ray spectroscopy during this time.
Siegbahn’s pioneering work in X-ray spectroscopy led to the development of a highly precise and systematic method for analyzing the X-ray spectra of elements. His research significantly advanced the understanding of atomic and molecular structures.
In 1914, Siegbahn developed the first mass-produced X-ray spectrometer, known as the Siegbahn spectrometer. This device allowed for precise measurements of X-ray wavelengths, contributing to the accurate determination of atomic energy levels and the identification of elements.
Manne Siegbahn passed away on 26 September 1978, in Ängelholm, Sweden.
Award and Legacy
Manne Siegbahn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1924 for his contributions to the development of X-ray spectroscopy. He was specifically recognized for his precision measurements of X-ray wavelengths and their applications in determining atomic structure.
After receiving the Nobel Prize, Siegbahn established the Siegbahn Institute for Physics at Uppsala University, which became a center for research in atomic and molecular physics.
Manne Siegbahn’s contributions to X-ray spectroscopy had a lasting impact on the field of physics. His precision measurements of X-ray spectra and his development of spectroscopic techniques greatly enhanced our understanding of atomic and molecular structures. The Siegbahn notation, a system for labeling X-ray spectral lines, is still widely used in the field today.
Manne Siegbahn’s dedication to scientific research and his development of essential tools and techniques continue to influence the study of atomic and molecular physics, making him a significant figure in the history of physics.