3 December in Indian and World History
3 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 3 December is the birth anniversary of Nandalal Bose, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Khudiram Bose, Ramashankar Yadav and Yashpal.
3 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Lance Naik Albert Ekka, and Devanand.
3 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Nandalal Bose (3 December 1882 – 16 April 1966), a famous painter from India. He designed the original copy of the Constitution. Among his famous paintings are ‘Dandi March’, ‘Santhali Kanya’, ‘Sati’s body sacrifice’. Nandlal Bose, besides painting and teaching art, he also wrote three booklets – Rupavali, Shilpkala and Shilp Charcha. He was an eminent disciple of Abanindranath Tagore. He was born on 3 December 1882.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963), the first President of India. Rajendra Prasad was a very talented and learned person. Rajendra Prasad was the only President of India who served as the President for two terms.
Khudiram Bose (3 December 1889 – 11 August 1908), a revolutionary who was hanged for the independence of India at the age of 19. The history of Indian freedom struggle is full of adventures of hundreds of revolutionaries. One of the names in the list of such revolutionaries is that of Khudiram Bose. He was born on 3 December 1889.
Yashpal (3 December 1903 – 26 December 1976), a famous Hindi story writer and essay writer. Yashpal is a revolutionary in both political and literary fields. For them both politics and literature are means and help in the fulfilment of the same goal.
Ramashankar Yadav (3 December 1957 – 8 December 2015), a popular poet among the students at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). Nitin Pamnani has made a documentary based on the life struggle of Vidrohi ji (I am your poet) in Hindi and Bhojpuri. The documentary won the Golden Conch Award for Best Documentary in the International Competition category at the Mumbai International Film Festival. He was born on 3 December 1957.
Read More: 2 December in Indian and World History
3 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Lance Naik Albert Ekka (27 December 1942 – 3 December 1971), an Indian soldier awarded the Param Vir Chakra. He was a resident of Ranchi, Jharkhand. In the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, he was martyred while tearing the teeth of the enemies. He was posthumously awarded Param Vir Chakra, the highest military honor. He was the only Bihari who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra. He died on 3 December 1971.
Devanand (26 September 1923 – 3 December 2011), a famous actor of the early stages of Indian cinema who remained active and popular throughout his life. He was an actor as well as a producer-director. He was famous in Bollywood as ‘Dev Sahab’ as a lively and good human being. If we think about the artist who has been a continuous hero for two generations in Indian cinema, then only one name emerges and that is Dev Anand. People call the evergreen actor Dev Anand ‘Evergreen Dev Sahab’. The spirit of evergreen Devanand is still intact. Devanand Sahab, who ruled the silver screen for more than six decades, had his birthday on 26 September and died on 3 December 2011 at the age of 88 due to cardiac arrest. He died on 3 December 2011.
Read More: 1 December in Indian and World History
Notable events on 3 December in Indian and World history
3 December 1796 – Baji Rao II was made Peshwa of the Maratha Empire.
3 December 1824 – The British again besieged the fort of Kittur by importing kumkum from Madras and Mumbai.
3 December 1829 – The Viceroy Lord William Bentinck banned the practice of Sati in India.
3 December 1910 – The world’s first neon lamp, developed by French physicist Georges Claude, was first displayed at the Paris Motor Show.
3 December 1912 – Turkey, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montegro signed an armistice.
3 December 1967 – Former Indonesian President Sukarno was placed under house arrest.
3 December 1971 – Emergency was imposed in the country after the war between India and Pakistan started.
3 December 1972 – Honduran Army General Osvaldo López Arellano overthrew President Ramón Cruz.
3 December 1977 – Jean-Bedel Bokassa proclaimed himself emperor of the Central African Empire.
3 December 1984 – at least 3000 people died and several thousand became victims of physical deformities when poisonous gas leaked from the Union Carbide factory in Bhopal.
3 December 1989 – Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George Bush declared the end of the Cold War.
3 December 1994 – The first free local elections were held in Taiwan.
3 December 2000 – Australia beat the West Indies in a Test match to set a record of winning 12 consecutive Test matches.
3 December 2002 – UNEP released $26 million for the study of biodiversity in seven tropical countries, including India.
3 December 2008 – Maharashtra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh resigned from his post after the terrorist incident of November 23 in Mumbai.
3 December is observed as World Day of the Handicapped or International Day of Persons with Disabilities. It is celebrated to raise awareness about understanding and accepting people with disabilities. The theme for 2021 is “Leadership and participation of persons with disabilities toward an inclusive, accessible and sustainable post-COVID-19 world.”