25 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 25 October is the birth anniversary of Mukundi Lal Srivastav, Mridula Garg, and Umesh Kumar Tilak Yadav.
25 October is also observed as the death anniversary of Nirmal Verma, and Mohan Raghavan
25 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Mukundi Lal Srivastava (25 October 1896), an Indian literary and writer. His first work was published in the year 1912 in ‘Bal Hitaishi’ (Meerut). After this, many of his articles and poems were published in various magazines. Mukundi Lal, in addition to editing about 20 books living in ‘Gyan Mandal’ and ‘Kashi Vidyapeeth’, translated ‘Great Men of Greece and Rome’ and half of the second part of ‘Western Europe’. He also got the cooperation of Rajvallabh Sahai in this. Apart from this, he and Rajvallabh Sahai also prepared a valuable dictionary named ‘Hindi Shabd Sangrah’ after many years of hard work. Mukundi Lal and Rajvallabh Sahai, after many years of hard work, prepared a valuable dictionary called ‘Hindi Shabd Sangrah’. In this, apart from modern Hindi, many majority words of Brajbhasha, Awadhi, Bundelkhandi etc. were included. He was born on 25 October 1896 in Madhya Pradesh.
Mridula Garg (25 October 1938 – 9 March 2015), is one of the most popular Hindi writers. Mridula did her M.A. So, he did in economics, but his mind was in Hindi literature. The variety of the plot and the freshness of the themes set him apart. Perhaps this was the reason that his novels were not only appreciated by the critics, but they were also well liked. Mriduli Garg, who started her career with teaching, has authored more than 20 books including novels, story collections, plays and essay collections. Apart from this, she has been a columnist, has been expressing awareness about the environment and has been doing social service work in the interest of women and children. He has written a column called Kataksha for almost three years in the Hindi edition of India Today, which became very much discussed due to its sharp satire. She has also delivered lectures on discrimination against women in Hindi literature at a conference held in 1990 at Columbia University in the United States. His works have been translated into many Indian languages including German, Czech, Japanese and English. The novel ‘Uke Bhag ki Dhoop’ in 1975 and ‘Jadu Ka Kaleen’ in 1993 has been awarded by the Government of Madhya Pradesh. She was Born on 25 October 1938 in Kolkata.
Umesh Kumar Tilak Yadav, is an Indian cricketer who currently plays for Vidarbha cricket team, Indian national team, and Delhi Capitals in the Indian Premier League. A right-arm fast bowler, Yadav has played for Vidarbha at domestic level since 2008 and is the first player from the team to have played Test cricket. He made his One Day International (ODI) debut against Zimbabwe in May 2010. The following year, in November, Yadav made his Test debut against the West Indies. He was the highest wicket-taker for India and third highest overall in the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup. He holds the record of the highest strike rate in an innings in Test cricket after scoring 31 runs in 10 balls at a strike rate of 310 against South Africa in October 2019. In May 2010, Yadav was called into India’s squad for the World Twenty20 in place of the injured Praveen Kumar but did not go on to play in the tournament. Later that month, he was included in the squad to play a tri-nation ODI series in Zimbabwe against the hosts and Sri Lanka. Umesh is the fastest Indian bowler with his top speed being 152.5 km/h. Writing for ESPNcricinfo in January 2012, Sidharth Monga commented that Yadav is fit, strong, quick, and gets the ball to swing late. More importantly, he attacks the stumps and doesn’t wait for edges. He was Born on 25 October 1987 in Maharashtra.
Read More: 24 October in Indian and World History
25 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Nirmal Verma (3 April 1929 – 25 October 2005), a Hindi writer, novelist, activist and translator. He is credited as being one of the pioneers of the Nai Kahani (New Story) literary movement of Hindi literature, wherein his first collection of stories, Parinde (Birds) is considered its first signature. In his career spanning five decades and various forms of literature, writing story, travelogues and essays, he penned five novels, eight short-story collections and nine books of non-fiction, including essays and travelogues. Nirmal Verma, together with Mohan Rakesh, Bhisham Sahni, Kamleshwar, Amarkant, Rajendra Yadav and others, is the founder of the Nai Kahani (new short story) in Hindi literature. He stayed in Prague for 10 years, where he was invited by Oriental Institute to initiate a program of translation of modern Czech writers like Karel Capek, Milan Kundera, and Bohumil Hrabal, to Hindi; he also learnt the Czech language, and translated nine world classics to Hindi, before returning home in 1968, as the result of Prague Spring. He died on 25 October 2005.
Mohan Raghavan (22 January 1964 – 25 October 2011), a Malayalam film director. He studied at the School of Drama, Thrissur, and in Theatre Arts at Madurai Kamaraj University. Mohan made his mark in the local television industry as an award-winning script writer for serials. Mohan’s rural upbringing created barriers in the initial days when he started exploring possibilities in the urban spheres of his home state – Kerala. By the late 1990s, Mohan made his mark in the local television industry as an award-winning script writer for serials. As a script writer, he grabbed national attention through the short film – Diary of a Housewife. As he slowly began to find his feet in films, Mohan also found time for theatre, which saw him associate with noted directors like B.V.Karanth, John Martin, Kavalam Narayana Panicker and Maya Tangberg. Since the 1990s, Mohan directed well-known plays that include Antigone, Macbeth, Waiting for Godot and Woyzeck. He died on 25 October 2011.
Read More: 22 October in Indian and World History
Notable events on 25 October in Indian and World history
25 October 1924 – The British authorities in India arrested Subhash Chandra Bose and sent him to jail for two years.
25 October 1938 – Alfonsina Storni – an Argentine poet and playwright of the modernist period – died.
25 October 1945 – China occupied Taiwan at the end of World War II.
25 October 1951 – The first general elections in India were held.
25 October 1965 – The then Prime Minister Narasimha Rao addressed the 50th anniversary session of the United Nations.
25 October 2000 – Space Shuttle Discovery (USA) returned safely after a 13-day mission.
25 October 2008 – Nar Bahadur Bhandari, the former chief minister of Sikkim, was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment.
World Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Day is observed on October 25th each year. This day serves as an opportunity to raise awareness about spina bifida and hydrocephalus, two neural tube defects that can significantly impact individuals’ lives. The aim of this global initiative is to educate the public, advocate for the rights of those affected, and promote understanding and support for individuals living with these conditions.
MDS World Awareness Day is observed on October 25th each year. The day serves as an international platform to raise awareness about myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), a group of rare blood disorders that can affect the production of healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. The aim of this day is to educate the public, healthcare professionals, and policymakers about MDS, its symptoms, diagnosis, and available treatment options.