24 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

24 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 24 November is the birth anniversary of Sir Chhotu Ram, Hira Lal Shastri, and Mohammad Shafi Qureshi.

24 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur.

Birth Anniversary

24 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sir Chhotu Ram (24 November 1881 – 9 January 1945), was a prominent politician and thinker from the Punjab province of British India. He worked in the interest of the poor of the Indian subcontinent. For this achievement, he was given the title of ‘Knight’ in 1937. Born in the Jhajjar district, this militant young student became the superintendent of the Jat hostel in Agra in 1911. He obtained his law degree in 1911. Staying here, Chhotu Ram Ji made a deep study of the social condition of the Meerut and Agra division. In 1912, Chaudhary started advocacy with Lalchand and formed the Jat Sabha in the same year. During the First World War, Chaudhary Chhotu Ram ji got 22,144 Jat soldiers recruited from Rohtak, which was half of all other soldiers. This law came into effect on 2 September 1938. According to this, no moneylender will be able to give a loan to anyone without registration nor will he be able to sue the farmers in court. Due to this act, an army of moneylenders came under control. He was Born on 24 November 1881 in Haryana.

Hira Lal Shastri (24 November 1899 – 28 December 1974), the freedom fighters of India. He was counted among the famous politicians of the country. Hira Lal Shastri had the distinction of becoming the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan. He was the Chief Minister of Rajasthan from 30 March 1949 to 5 January 1951. His wish was that he should go to some village and devote his life in the service of the downtrodden. Hira Lal Shastri had established ‘Vanasthali Vidyapeeth’. Today this Vidyapeeth has assumed the form of a major national institution of women’s education. When a representative government was formed in the princely state of Jaipur in 1948, Hira Lal Shastri took over as its chief minister and on March 30, 1949, when the state of Rajasthan was formed, he became its first chief minister. He was Born on 24 November 1899 in Rajasthan.

Mohammad Shafi Qureshi (24 November 1929) is one of the prominent Muslim politicians of India. He is considered the founder of the Congress party in Jammu and Kashmir. He took an active part in political activities in Jammu and Kashmir. He was instrumental in transforming the National Conference into the National Congress. Mohammad Shafi Qureshi also practiced in the Jammu and Kashmir High Court. In 1965, you were elected to the Rajya Sabha from Jammu and Kashmir. He also took over as the Governor of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Mohammad Shafi Qureshi has a special interest in ancient Indian history. You take a special interest in reading books and participating in sports activities. He was Born on 24 November 1929 in Jammu Kashmir.

Read More: 23 November in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

24 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Guru Tegh Bahadur (18 April 1621 – 24 November 1675) was the ninth Guru of the Sikhs. They have a unique place in the history of the world among those who sacrificed their lives to protect religion and principles. Hindus and Hindu religions were saved by the sacrifice of Tegh Bahadur Ji. People of the Hindu religion also remember him and participate in programs related to him. Tegh Bahadur Singh was appointed Guru of the Sikhs on March 20, 1664, sat on the throne till November 24, 1675. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was born in Amritsar city of Punjab. He was the fifth son of Guru Hargobind. Due to the premature death of his grandson ‘Harikrishna Rai’, the eighth guru, he was made the ninth guru by public opinion. He got Anandpur Sahib built and he started living there. His childhood name was Tyagamal. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was born in Amritsar city of Punjab. He was the fifth son of Guru Hargobind. Due to the premature death of his grandson ‘Harikrishna Rai’, the eighth guru, he was made the ninth guru by public opinion. He got Anandpur Sahib built and he started living there. His childhood name was Tyagamal. The horrific bloodshed on the battlefield had a profound effect on the recluse mind of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and his mind turned towards spiritual contemplation. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, an idol of patience, detachment, and renunciation, meditated in solitude for 20 consecutive years at a place called ‘Baba Bakkala’. The eighth Guru Harkishan Ji instructed ‘Baba Bakaler’ to name his successor. He died on 24 November 1675.

Read More: 22 November in Indian and World History

Notable events on 24 November in Indian and World History

24 November 1759 – Volcanic eruption at the summit of Mount Vesuvius in Italy.

24 November 1859 – Publication of Charles Darwin’s ‘On the Origin of Species.

24 November 1871 – National Rifle Association (NYC) formed.

24 November 1926 – Eminent philosopher Sri Aurobindo attained complete perfection.

24 November 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of former US President John F. Kennedy, was assassinated.

24 November 1966 – The first TV station opened in the Congolese capital, Kinshasa.

24 November 1970 – Marlon James, a Jamaican writer, and Booker Prize Winner, was born.

24 November 1986 – For the first time in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, MLAs were expelled from the House simultaneously.

24 November 1988 – Lok Sabha MP Lalduhoma was disqualified for the first time under the Anti-Defection Act.

24 November 1992 – China’s domestic plane crashed, killing 141 people.

24 November 1998 – Email Lahoud was sworn in as the President of Lebanon.

24 November 2006 – Pakistan and China signed a free trade zone treaty and agreed to create AWACS.

24 November 2007 – Former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returned home after eight years of exile.

24 November 2008 – Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur, an accused in the Malegaon bomb blasts case, accused ATS of showing obscene CDs.

24 November Historical Significance

On November 24, several significant events have unfolded throughout history. One of the notable occurrences took place in 1859 when Charles Darwin’s groundbreaking work, “On the Origin of Species,” was published. This seminal work laid the foundation for the theory of evolution by natural selection, revolutionizing our understanding of biology and the natural world. In addition, November 24, 1963, marks the assassination of Lee Harvey Oswald, the prime suspect in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, by Jack Ruby. This event further fueled speculation and controversy surrounding Kennedy’s assassination. Moreover, on November 24, 1971, a man-made disaster struck with the eruption of Mount Hekla in Iceland, leading to significant ash fall and disrupting air traffic in the region. These events on November 24th have left a lasting impact on science, politics, and the environment, shaping the course of history.

Important Days of 24 November in History

Evolution Day: This day commemorates the anniversary of the publication of Charles Darwin’s seminal work, “On the Origin of Species,” which laid the foundation for the theory of evolution.

National Sardines Day: A day to celebrate the humble yet nutritious fish, sardines, which are enjoyed in various cuisines around the world.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women: This day raises awareness about the prevalence of violence against women globally and advocates for measures to prevent and address this issue.

Thanksgiving Day in the United States: A national holiday in the United States where people gather with family and friends to give thanks for the blessings of the past year and enjoy a festive meal together, typically featuring turkey as the centerpiece.

Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur is observed on the 24th of November every year.

 

Remembering Guru Tegh Bahadur on Shaheedi Divas