23 June in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

23 June in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 23 June is the birth anniversary of Rehman, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Pradip Kumar Banerjee, and Raj Babbar.

23 June is also observed as the death anniversary of Balaji Bajirao, Gangaprasad Verma, and Sanjay Gandhi.

Birth Anniversary

23 June in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Rehman (23 June 1921 – 5 November 1984), an Indian film actor from the late 1940s to the late 1970s. He was an integral part of the Guru Dutt team, and best known for his roles in films such as Pyar Ki Jeet (1948), Badi Behen (1949), Pardes (1950), Pyaasa (1957), Choti Behen (1959), Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960), Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962), Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya (1966) and Waqt (1965). He was born on 23 June 1921 in Lahore, British India (present-day Lahore, Pakistan).

Chandi Prasad Bhatt, an Indian Gandhian thinker, environmentalist, and social activist who founded ‘Dasholi Gram Swarajya Sangh’ (DGSS) in Gopeshwar in 1964, which later became the mother body of the Chipko movement, and later Chandi Prasad Bhatt was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982 for this work. This action of Chandi Prasad Bhatt was completely forest-based and the local people had very little statutory rights over the forests. Most of the forests were occupied by contractors. The contractors were legally entitled to the forests. To deal with this situation, Bhatt organized the villagers in different forest areas in 1973 and prepared them for the Chipko movement. The women of the village suffered the most from being deprived of this wealth of forests. Bhatt organized the women’s class, especially for this Chipko movement. He was born on 23 June 1934 in Gopeshwar, Chamoli, Uttarakhand, India.

Pradip Kumar Banerjee, one of the best football players in India. He scored the first goal for India in the final of the 1962 Asian Games. Later India won the gold medal in this match. In the 1960 Rome Olympics, P.K. Banerjee was the captain of the Indian football team. He is the first football player from India, who was awarded the ‘Arjuna Award’ in 1961. He was born on 23 June 1936 in Jalpaiguri, West Bengal.

Raj Babbar, an Indian Hindi and Punjabi film actor and politician belonging to Indian National Congress. He became a member of the Lok Sabha three-time and a two-time member of the Upper House of the Indian Parliament. Raj Babbar was born on 23 June 1952 in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Read More: 22 June in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

23 June in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Balaji Bajirao (8 December 1721 – 23 June 1761) was the eldest son of Bajirao I. He became Peshwa after the death of his father. It was during the time of Balaji Vishwanath that the position of Peshwa had become paternal. After the ‘Sangoli Treaty’ in 1750 AD, all the rights were secured in the hands of the Peshwa. Balaji Bajirao expanded the Maratha power both in the north and south India. Thus, during that time Maratha Dudumbhi started ringing from Cuttack to Attock. Balaji also won the Tanjore region while maintaining the authority of the Marathas in Malwa and Bundelkhand. Balaji Bajirao defeated the Nizam of Hyderabad in a battle and concluded the ‘Treaty of Bhalki’ in 1752 AD, under which the Nizam gave half of Berar to the Marathas. As a result of the invasion of Bengal, Alivardi Khan was forced to leave Orissa and had to accept an annual payment of 12 lakh rupees from Bengal and Bihar as Chauth. In 1760 AD, the Nizam suffered a crushing defeat in the battle of Udgiri. The Marathas received an annual tax of Rs 60 lakhs, which included the cities of Ahmednagar, Daulatabad, Burhanpur, and Bijapur. Bajirao died on 23 June 1761.

Gangaprasad Verma (13 August 1863 – 23 June 1914), the main representative of the Congress from Uttar Pradesh attending the first establishment session of the Congress in Mumbai in 1885. Swami Ramtirtha had a great influence on him. He started his public life in 1883 by editing a bi-weekly paper called ‘Advocate’. He died on 23 June 1914.

Sanjay Gandhi (14 December 1946 – 23 June 1980), an Indian politician and the son of Indira Gandhi. During his lifetime, he was widely expected to succeed his mother as head of the Indian National Congress but following his early death in a plane crash, his elder brother Rajiv became their mother’s political heir and succeeded her as Prime Minister of India after her assassination. His wife Maneka Gandhi and son Varun Gandhi are politicians in the Bharatiya Janata Party. Sanjay Gandhi died on 23 June 1980 at the age of 33 in New Delhi, India.

Read More: 21 June in Indian and World History

Notable events on 23 June in Indian and World history

23 June 1757 – The Battle of Plassey begins between the British Army and Siraj ud-Daulah who took control of the British occupation of Bengal.

23 June 1810 – The construction work of Bombay’s Duncan Dock was completed.

23 June 1868 – Christopher L. Sholes received a patent for a typewriter on this day.

23 June 1888 – Frederick Douglass became the first African American to be nominated for the US presidential election.

23 June 1919 – Estonia’s army defeated German forces in northern Latvia.

23 June 1930 – The Simon Commission recommended a federal India and Burma’s separation in London.

23 June 1956 – Jamal Abdul Nasser was elected President of Egypt on this day.

23 June 1960 – The Arctic Treaty was concluded in 1960. Under this, the Arctic continent was declared a protected area for scientific activities.

23 June 1981 – Martial law was declared in view of social tension in Poland and since then Solidarity has been banned.

23 June 1985 – An Air India passenger plane crashed in the air off the coast of Ireland. All 329 passengers on board were killed in this accident.

23 June 1991 – The African country of Moldova declared independence on this day.

23 June 1994 – The United Nations General Assembly approved South Africa’s membership, announcing a halt to North Korea’s nuclear program.

23 June 1995Anatoly Vladimirovich Tarasov a visionary Soviet ice hockey coach and one of the architects of modern ice hockey strategy – died.

23 June 1996 – Sheikh Hasina Wajed was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

23 June 2008 – The current government of Nepal approved the extension of the UN mission.

23 June 2008 – The selection committee recommended to confer the Dadasaheb Phalke Award on famous Bengali actor Soumitra Chatterjee.

23 June 2008 – JK Tire India Limited, the country’s leading tire maker, acquired Mexican tire company Tornel and its subsidiaries for $270 million.

23 June 2012 – Aston Eaton broke the world record in the decathlon at the 2012 US Olympic Trials.

23 June 2014 – Gujarat’s ‘Rani Ki Vav’ and Himachal’s ‘Great Himalayan National Park’ were included in the World Heritage List.

23 June 2017 – After Mohammed bin Nayef, Mohammed bin Salman was appointed as the new successor of Saudi Arabia on this day.

23 June is observed as International Olympic Day every year to make people aware of the importance of games in life. It is observed to promote the idea of the Olympics. The day aims at promoting sports and spreads the message of making sports an integral part of life. The first Olympic Day was celebrated in the year 1948.

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