Image Courtesy: Google Doodle
Jože Plečnik (23 January 1872 – 7 January 1957) was a Slovene architect who had a major impact on the modern architecture of Vienna, Prague and of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, most notably by designing the iconic Triple Bridge and the Slovene National and University Library building.
Life and Career
Jože Plečnik was born 23 January 1872 in Maribor,-Duplek present-day Slovenia. He studied architecture in Vienna, Austria.
Plečnik began his career in Vienna, where he worked on a number of public and private buildings. He was particularly influenced by the work of the Austrian architect Otto Wagner. In 1919, Plečnik returned to Ljubljana and established his own architectural practice. He went on to design a number of notable buildings in the city, including the National and University Library of Slovenia, the Triple Bridge, and the Central Market.
In addition to his architectural work, Plečnik was also a professor at the University of Ljubljana, where he taught from 1919 until his retirement in 1948.
Plečnik’s work is characterized by a strong sense of classicism and an emphasis on simplicity and proportion. He was also known for his use of materials such as stone and metal, and for his attention to detail.
Plečnik’s influence can be seen in many of the buildings in Ljubljana, and his work continues to be studied and admired today. He is considered one of Slovenia’s most important architects and his work has been recognized with many awards, including the Prešeren Award, the highest cultural award in Slovenia.
He passed away on 7 January 1957 in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Award and Legacy
Jože Plečnik’s work has been recognized with many awards throughout his career and posthumously. Some of the most notable awards include:
- The Prešeren Award, the highest cultural award in Slovenia, was awarded to Plečnik in 1946 in recognition of his contributions to Slovenian architecture.
- The Grand Prize for Architecture at the Venice Biennale, was awarded to Plečnik in 1956, the year before his death.
- The Plečnik Medal, established in 1957, is awarded by the Society of Architects of Ljubljana to individuals and organizations in recognition of their contributions to architecture and urban planning.
Plečnik’s legacy can be seen in many of the buildings in Ljubljana, Slovenia, which are considered as architectural jewels of the city and his influence can be seen in the work of later architects. His work is considered an important contribution to the development of modern architecture and urban planning. In particular, his designs for the Triple Bridge and the Central Market have become iconic landmarks in Ljubljana.
Plečnik’s work continues to be studied and admired today, and many of his buildings have been designated as cultural heritage sites. His influence can be seen not just in Slovenia but also in the broader Central European context, where his work is considered an important example of the fusion of classicism and modernism.
On 23 January 2012, Google Doodle celebrated Jože Plečnik’s 140th Birthday.