22 December in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk
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22 December in Indian and World History

22 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 22 December is the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, Maulana Mazharul Haque, and Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan.

22 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Taraknath Das, and Vasant Desai.

Birth Anniversary

22 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Guru Gobind Singh (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708), considered the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs and was famous for the creation of the Khalsa, the military association of the Sikhs. Were. Some scholars say that whenever there is a decline of religion, then there is also the disintegration of truth and justice and due to terror, tyranny, injustice, violence, and humanity are in danger. He was born on 22 December 1666.


Maulana Mazharul Haque (22 December 1866 – 2 January 1950), a dedicated freedom fighter, intense educationist, social activist, and writer from Bihar. He was a supporter of the non-cooperation movement and the Khilafat movement. He was born on 22 December 1866 in Bahpura village, Patna, Bihar.

Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920), a great Indian mathematician. He is counted among the greatest mathematical thinkers of modern times. He did not receive any special training in mathematics, yet he made extensive contributions in the areas of analysis and number theory. With his talent and dedication, he not only made wonderful inventions in the field of mathematics but also gave India incomparable glory. Srinivasa Ramanujan, who left behind many stalwarts of his time in the field of mathematics, gave many formulas and principles of mathematics to the whole world in a lifetime of only 32 years. In the field of mathematics, Ramanujan was in no way less than Gauss, Euler, and Archimedes. Despite not taking any formal education, Ramanujan made such remarkable discoveries in the field of higher mathematics that his name became immortal in this field. He learned mathematics by himself and compiled 3,884 theorems of mathematics during his lifetime. Most of these theorems have been proved correct. He drew many original and unconventional results on the strength of his mathematical intuition and unparalleled talent of algebraic computation, which inspired research to this day, although some of his discoveries have not yet been adopted into the mathematics mainstream. His formulas became helpful in many scientific discoveries. Recently their formulas have been used in crystallography. Ramanujan Journal has been established for the work being done in the areas of mathematics influenced by his work. He was born on 22 December 1887.

Read More: 21 December in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

22 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Taraknath Das (15 June 1884 – 22 December 1958), considered one of the famous revolutionaries of India. Arvind Ghosh, Surendranath Banerjee, and Chittaranjan Das were among his close friends. Due to revolutionary activities, he had left his studies in the middle. He died on 22 December 1958.

Vasant Desai (9 June 1912 – 22 December 1975), a famous composer of Indian cinema. The lights of music composed by the great composer Vasant Desai, who adorned the film world with musical waves, have always been illuminating the colorful world of the film world. The famous song ‘Ae Malik Tere Bande Hum’ from the film ‘Do Aankhen Barah Haath’ was composed by Vasant Desai. This song is still heard wholeheartedly by the listeners. This song was included in the morning prayer meeting in all the schools by the Punjab government. He died on 22 December 1975.

Read More: 20 December in Indian and World History

Notable events on 22 December in Indian and World history

22 December 1241 – The Mongol chief Lieutenant Bahadur Tayar Hulagu Khan captured Lahore.

22 December 1843 – Rabindranath Tagore’s father Devendranath Tagore joined the Brahmo Samaj.

22 December 1851 – The first goods train in the country was run from Roorkee.

22 December 1856 –  Frank B. Kellogg was an American lawyer, politician Nobel Prize ,was Born.

22 December 1882 – The first Christmas tree was decorated with bulbs made by Thomas Edison.

22 December 1885 – Eto Hirobumi became the first Prime Minister of Japan.

22 December 1891 – ‘323 brucei’ became the first meteorite to be discovered by photography.

22 December 1903 – Haldan Keffer Hartline an American physiologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

22 December 1910 – Postal Savings Certificates were issued for the first time in America.

22 December 1937 – The Lincoln Tunnel was opened for travel in New York.

22 December 1940 – Manvendra Nath Rai announced the establishment of the Radical Democratic Party.

22 December 1941 – In Yugoslavia, Marshal Tito formed the new army brigade.

22 December 1947 – The Parliament of Italy adopted a new constitution.

22 December 1956 – Britain and France abandoned the port after continuing a 50-day siege on the Egyptian port of Port Said and withdrew their forces from Egypt.

22 December 1957 – a baby guerrilla named Kolo was born at the Colombo Zoo in Ohio, the first guerrilla to be born in a zoo.

22 December 1962 – US President John F. Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan decided to create a multi-faceted NATO nuclear force after talks in the Bahamas.

22 December 1966 – Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi was established by the Parliament of India under the ‘JNU Act’.

22 December 1971 – The then Soviet Union conducted an underground nuclear test.

22 December 1972 – a magnitude 6.25 earthquake struck the Nicaraguan capital Managua, killing more than 12,000 people.

22 December 1972 – The Chilean Air Force found 14 survivors of a plane that crashed in the Argentine Andes two months earlier.

22 December 1989 – Romanian President Ceausescu was overthrown and was arrested while fleeing the country.

22 December 1989Samuel Beckett, an Irish novelist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

22 December 1901 – The Brahmacharya Ashram at Shantiniketan was formally opened.

22 December 2001 – Burhanuddin handed over power to Afghanistan to an interim government led by President Hamid Karzai.

22 December 2002 – A three-day meeting of voluntary organizations of SAARC countries on the issue of drug abuse started in Kathmandu.

22 December 2005 – Iran accused Saddam Hussein of killing thousands of Iranians with poison gas.

22 December 2006 – India and Pakistan set up a joint working group for mutual cooperation in the field of local bodies.

22 December 2007 – Europe’s Ariane rocket launched from the Gaus space station in French Guiana.

22 December 2008 – The Group of Ministers Submitted a report to Manmohan Singh to look into the discrepancies in the salaries of the Armed Forces.

22 December is observed as National Mathematics Day. It is celebrated annually to commemorate the birth anniversary of the famous mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. He had made remarkable contributions in various fields of mathematics and its branches.

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