Image Courtesy: Google Doodle

Uzeyir Hacibeyov (September 18, 1885 – November 23, 1948) was a pioneering Azerbaijani composer, conductor, and playwright, often regarded as one of the founding fathers of Azerbaijani classical music. His contributions to Azerbaijani culture and music are of immense significance, and he played a pivotal role in shaping the country’s artistic identity.

Early Life

Born in 1885 in the Azerbaijani town of Shusha, Uzeyir Hacibeyov was immersed in a rich musical and cultural environment from a young age. He was educated in classical music and received training in Russia, which provided him with a strong foundation in music theory.


Uzeyir Hacibeyov‘s career was marked by innovation and creativity. He combined elements of traditional Azerbaijani music, such as mugham, with Western classical music, creating a unique and distinctive style. His opera “Leyli and Majnun” (1908) is considered one of the first operas in the Muslim world and remains a masterpiece of Azerbaijani music.

He also composed the national anthem of Azerbaijan and contributed significantly to the development of the country’s music education system. Hacibeyov’s works reflect the rich tapestry of Azerbaijani culture and history.


Uzeyir Hacibeyov’s legacy endures through his music, which continues to be celebrated and performed worldwide. His pioneering efforts in blending Western and Azerbaijani musical traditions laid the foundation for future generations of composers.

Today, he is remembered as a cultural icon in Azerbaijan, and his contributions are commemorated through various institutions and events dedicated to his work. His ability to bridge cultures and create music that resonates with people from diverse backgrounds cements his place as a revered figure in the world of music and Azerbaijani history.

On 18 September 2013, a Google Doodle was created to celebrate Uzeyir Hacibeyov’s 128th Birthday.

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