14 September in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

14 September in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.14 September is the birth anniversary of Gopaldas Parmanand Sippy, Ram Boolchand Jethmalani, and Robin Singh.

14 September is also observed as the death anniversary of Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay.

Birth Anniversary on 14 September

14 September in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Gopaldas Parmanand Sippy (14 September 1915 – 25 December 2007), an Indian Hindi film producer and director born in Hyderabad, Sindh. He is known for producing many popular Bollywood blockbusters such as Sita Aur Geeta (1972), Shaan (1980), Sagar (1985), Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman, and his Amar Kriti (with his son Ramesh Sippy) Sholay. He received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the Mumbai International Film Festival in 2000. Sippy was also the President of the Film and TV Producers Guild of India in the 70s, 80s, and 90s. Sippy’s father’s name was Parmanand Sipahimalani and the family are Sindhi Hindus. The family was based in Karachi until 1947 when the partition of India took place and Pakistan was created. The entire province of Sindh became part of Pakistan. Most of the Hindus of Sindh were compelled to abandon their homes, lands, and properties to go as refugees to India. This was the fate of the Sipahimalani family, whose wealth made them the target of particular spite and attack. Sippy’s second son, Ramesh Sippy, is a successful filmmaker, most famous for the all-time blockbuster hit Sholay (1975) and the hugely successful TV serial Buniyaad which was telecast in the 1980s. His other son Vijay was also active in the film industry, but success largely eluded him. He was Born on 14 September 1915 in Mumbai.

Ram Boolchand Jethmalani (14 September 1923 – 8 September 2019), was an Indian lawyer and politician. He served as India’s Union minister of law and justice, as chairman of the Indian Bar Council, and as the president of the Supreme Court Bar Association. He was noted in the Indian legal fraternity for his forte in criminal law and high-profile civil cases. Throughout his political career, Jethmalani worked for improving the relations between India and Pakistan, owing to his experiences as a refugee post-partition. He was elected as a member of the Lok Sabha twice, on Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) tickets, from the Mumbai northwest constituency. He also served as the union minister of urban development in the first Atal Bihari Vajpayee ministry, against whom he later contested the election in the 2004 Indian general elections from the Lucknow constituency. He later returned to BJP in 2010 and was elected to the Rajya Sabha on its ticket. He authored books such as Big Egos, Small Men; Conscience of a Maverick; and Maverick: Unchanged, Unrepentant; among others. He also co-authored legal scholarly books on different fields of law. He was Born on 14 September 1923 in Mumbai.

Robin Singh is a former Indian cricketer who played in ODI cricket as well as Test cricket matches for the Indian cricket team. However, he was born on 14 September 1963 in Prince Town, Trinidad and Tobago instead of India. He played only 1 Test match and 136 ODI matches for the Indian cricket team from 1989 to 2001. In which he played the role of an all-rounder. After this, he also made a career in cricket as a coaching coach and was the captain of the Mumbai Indians franchise in the 2010 IPL of the Indian Premier League. While simultaneously serving as the coach of the Barbados Trident in the Caribbean Premier League until 2013. Apart from all this, he also coached for Deccan Chargers in IPL. He has always been fit and good in his cricket career. He was Born on 14 September 1963.

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Death Anniversary on 14 September

14 September in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay (23 July 1898 – 14 September 1971), a famous Bengali writer. He was awarded the ‘Jnanpith Award’ in 1966 for his famous novel ‘Ganadevata’. Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay was awarded the ‘Padma Bhushan’ in 1969 by the Government of India in the field of literature and education. He was from West Bengal. Satyajit Ray also made a film on Tarashankar’s story ‘Jalsaghar’. The Jnanpith Award was received by Sahitya Akademi in 1956 for ‘Arogya Niketan’ and in 1967 for ‘Ganadevata’. His specialty was that he continued to portray regional life in a comprehensive manner. He also got good success in this work. This was probably the biggest reason for his popularity. She died on 14 September 1971.

Read More: 10 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 14 September in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 14 September in World History are mentioned below:

14 September 1833 – William Ventick came to India as the first Governor-General.

14 September 1916 – Jose Echegaray, a Spanish civil engineer and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

14 September 1917 – Russia has officially declared a republic on this day.

14 September 1920 – Lawrence Klein, an American economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

14 September 1926 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken a German philosopher, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

14 September 1936 – Ferid Murad, an American physician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

14 September 1949 – The Constituent Assembly gave Hindi the status of the official language of India.

14 September 1959 – Luna-2 landed on the surface of the Moon. It was the first man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon. This started the space competition in the Soviet Union and America.

14 September 1960 – OPEC was established by the mineral oil-producing countries.

14 September 2000 – Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee addressed a joint meeting of both the houses of the US Senate, the Olympic torch reached Sydney.

14 September 2000  Hwang Sun-won, a renowned South Korean writer, died.

14 September 2009 – India defeated Sri Lanka by 46 runs to win the Compaq Cup of the tri-series. In India, Leander Paes and Lukas Delhi of the Czech Republic defeated the pair of Mahesh Bhupathi and Mark Knowles to reach the U.K. s. Open men’s doubles title.

14 September 2016 – India has so far won 4 medals in Para Olympics on this day.

14 September Historical Significance

The date of September 14th holds various historical significances across different cultures and periods. For instance, it is remembered as the day when Domitian became Emperor of the Roman Empire in 81 AD. It also marks the Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan in 1180, an early conflict in the Genpei War. In more recent history, September 14th is noted for the completion of George Frideric Handel’s “Messiah” oratorio in 1741 after an intense 23 days of work. Additionally, this date is significant in the Christian liturgical calendar as the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, commemorating the discovery of the True Cross by Saint Helena and the dedication of churches by Emperor Constantine at the sites of the Holy Sepulchre and Mount Calvary. In the context of American history, Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” on September 14th, 1814, inspired by the sight of the American flag flying over Fort McHenry after a night of British bombardment during the War of 1812. Each of these events has left a lasting impact on their respective societies and are commemorated in various ways to this day.

Important Days of 14 September in History

Some of the Notable events on 14 September in History are mentioned below:

World First Aid Day (International): Recognized globally to raise awareness about the importance of first aid and its life-saving potential.