14 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 14 October is the birth anniversary of Harjinder Kaur, Ritwik Bhattacharya, Bahadur Shah I, Lala Hardayal, and Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya.
October 14 is also observed as the death anniversary of Shobha Naidu, and Razia al-Din.
14 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Harjinder Kaur (14 October 1996) is an Indian female weightlifter. He performed brilliantly and won the bronze medal in the 71 kg weight category at the Commonwealth Games, 2022 held in Birmingham, England.
Ritwik Bhattacharya (14 October 1979) is an Indian squash player. He won a bronze medal for India in the Asian Junior Squash Championship in February 1977. He has been a four-time national champion in India. He received a Certificate of Excellence in Squash from the Supreme Commander of the Army in 1997.
Bahadur Shah I (14 October 1643 – 26 February 1712) was the seventh Mughal emperor of Delhi (1707-1712 AD). Bahadur Shah, known as ‘Prince Muazzam’, was the second son of Emperor Aurangzeb. Prince Muazzam was the likely successor of Aurangzeb after his elder brother joined forces with his father’s brother and rival Shah Shuja.
Lala Hardayal (14 October 1884 – 4 March 1939) was a famous revolutionary. Lala Hardayal ji had founded ‘Ghadar Party’. After enduring many hardships while wandering in foreign countries, Lala Hardayal ji inspired and encouraged the patriots for India’s independence.
Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya (14 October, 1924 – 6 August, 1997) was an Assamese litterateur. He was awarded the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ (Assamese) in 1961 for the novel ‘Iyaruingam’ written by him.
Read More: 13 October in Indian and World History
14 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Shobha Naidu (1956 – October 14, 2020) was one of the leading Kuchipudi dancers of India. She was an excellent disciple of the famous Swami Vampati Chinna Satyam. As a guru, Shobha Naidu trained many students in India and abroad. For his dancing skills, he received appreciation not only in the country but also abroad. Shobha Naidu also gave presentations in many cities of America and other countries including Britain.
Razia’s full name was Razia al-Din (1205– October 14/15, 1240), Sultan Jalalat ud-Din Razia. She was the daughter of Iltutmish and the first Muslim ruler of India.
Read More: 12 October in Indian and World History
Notable events on 14 October in Indian and World History
14 October 1882 – Punjab University was established in Shimla. It was the fourth university in India established by the British colonial government after Calcutta, Mumbai and Madras.
14 Octobe 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., an American chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
14 October 1933 – Germany announced its withdrawal from the group of Allies.
14 October 1943 – Japan declared the independence of the Philippines.
14 October 1946 – A cease-fire agreement was signed between Holland and Indonesia.
14 October 1948 – A fierce war begins between Israel and Egypt.
14 October 1953 – The Estate Duty Act came into effect in India.
14 October 1956 – Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar accepted Buddhism in Kochanda along with his 3,85,000 followers and advised his followers to follow 22 Buddhist vows.
14 October 1981 – Hosni Mubarak became the fourth President of Egypt.
14 October 1979 – One lakh people demonstrated against nuclear energy in Bonn, Germany.
14 October 1997 – Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip paid tribute to the martyrs at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
14 October 1999 – Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) rejected in the US Senate.
14 October 2000 – United States closed its embassies in 22 countries including Pakistan.
14 October 2002 – Colorful conclusion of the 14th Asian Games in Busan with the promise of meeting in Qatar.
14 October 2004 – Pakistan’s National Assembly passed a bill to keep President Pervez Musharraf as the army chief.
14 October 2007 – International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) granted approval to Nepal for the use of nuclear technology in medical and agricultural sectors.
14 October 2008 – The Reserve Bank of India announced the release of an additional Rs 200 billion to meet the needs of mutual funds.
14 October 2010 – The ongoing 19th Commonwealth Games concluded in the capital Delhi.
14 October 2012 – Gunmen killed 20 people in a mosque in Nigeria.