14 December in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

14 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 14 December is the birth anniversary of Jagat Narayan Mulla, Upendranath Ashk, B. K. S. Iyengar, Ranbir Raj Kapoor, and Sanjay Gandhi.

14 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Shankardas Kesarilal, and Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon.

Birth Anniversary

14 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Jagat Narayan Mulla (14 December 1864 – 11 December 1938), was a famous lawyer and famous public activist of Uttar Pradesh during his time. His father Pandit Kali Sahai Mulla was in government service in Uttar Pradesh. That is why Jagat Narayan’s education took place in Uttar Pradesh itself. He passed the law examination at Agra University and started practicing law in Lucknow. Soon he was counted among the famous lawyers. Prominent persons of his time, such as Pandit Motilal Nehru, and Babu Ganga Prasad Verma. He was born on 14 December 1864.

Upendranath Ashk (14 December 1910 – 19 January 1996), was a novelist, essayist, writer, and story writer. Ashk ji composed idealistic, imaginative, or plain romantic compositions. He was born on 14 December 1910.

B. K. S. Iyengar (14 December 1918 – 20 August 2014), a famous Indian yoga guru who introduced yoga to the world. He is considered the “Father of Modern Yoga”. Due to his achievements, he was awarded ‘Padma Bhushan’ in 2002 and ‘Padma Vibhushan’ in 2014. He holds a prominent place among the best yoga gurus in the world. In 2004, Time magazine included his name in the list of the 100 most influential people in the world. He was born on 14 December 1918 in Vellore, Karnataka.

Ranbir Raj Kapoor (14 December 1924 – 2 June 1988), was a Hindi film actor, producer, and director. He is also highly popular in India, the Middle East, the erstwhile Soviet Union, and China. Raj Kapoor inherited acting. His father Prithviraj was a famous theatre artist and film actor of his time. Raj Kapoor’s father Prithviraj Kapoor toured the whole country through his Prithvi Theatre. Raj Kapoor also used to accompany him and used to work in the theatre. Both Prithviraj Kapoor and Raj Kapoor have been honored with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. Raj Kapoor is the name of the Hindi cinema world, which has been shining on the film sky for the last eight decades and will not be forgotten for many decades to come. The hallmark of Raj Kapoor’s films has been the innocence of his eyes. He was born on 14 December 1924.

Sanjay Gandhi (14 December 1946 – 23 June 1980), was an Indian politician. He was the younger son of Indira Gandhi. His role during the Emergency in India was very controversial. He died in a helicopter crash at a young age. Maneka Gandhi is the wife of Sanjay Gandhi and Varun Gandhi is the son of Sanjay Gandhi. He was born on 14 December 1946.

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Death Anniversary

14 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Shankardas Kesarilal (30 August 1923 – 14 December 1966), was a famous lyricist of Hindi films. He died on 14 December 1966.

Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (17 July 1943 – 14 December 1971), an Indian person awarded the Param Vir Chakra. At this time Nirmal Jit Singh was stationed promptly at the Srinagar Air Force airport and Nirmal Jit Singh was considered a maestro for his charisma on the net airplanes.

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Notable events on 14 December in Indian and World History

14 December 1921 – Annie Besant was honored with the title of ‘Doctor of Letters’ by the Banaras Hindu University.

14 December 1957 – Josef Lada a prominent Czech painter, illustrator, and writer, renowned for his distinctive artistic style that left an indelible mark on Czech culture, died.

14 December 1971 – Munier Chowdhury was assassinated.

14 December 1982 – The huge Green Gate, located between the British colony of Gibraltar and Spain, was reopened after 13 years.

14 December 1983 – General Hussain Mohammed Ershad declared himself the President of Bangladesh.

14 December 1989 Andrei Sakharov, a Soviet physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

14 December 1995 – The leaders of Bosnia, Serbia, and Croatia ended the three-and-a-half-year Balkan War by signing the Dayton Treaty in Paris.

14 December 1997 – All the countries of the world agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

14 December 1998 – At the 23rd Cairo International Film Festival Ayesha Dharker was awarded the Jury Award for Best Role in the Tamil film Terrorist.

14 December 2000 – George Walker Bush was elected the 43rd President of the United States.

14 December 2002 – Pakistan won the World Cup for the Blind by defeating South Africa.

14 December 2007 – The controversial provisions were omitted from the draft Bali agreement.

14 December 2008 – India played the last match of the Under-21 Hockey Test series against Argentina in a 4-4 draw.

14 December Historical Significance

December 14 holds historical significance for various reasons. In 1799, George Washington, the first President of the United States, passed away at Mount Vernon, marking the end of an era for the young nation. Additionally, in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first person to reach the South Pole, a monumental achievement in the history of exploration. The date also marks a somber event in 2012, when a gunman opened fire at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, resulting in the tragic loss of 26 lives, including 20 children. This incident sparked widespread debate and action on gun control and school safety in the United States. Overall, December 14 stands as a day of both triumph and tragedy, encapsulating moments of exploration, leadership, and resilience in the annals of history.

Important Days of 14 December in History

National Energy Conservation Day: 14 December is observed as National Energy Conservation Day. It is celebrated to raise awareness about the need for energy and its conservation in daily life.

World Monkey Day: Monkey Day is observed every year on 14 December. It is observed to celebrate monkeys and “all things simian”, including other non-human primates such as apes, tarsiers, and lemurs. Monkey Day is celebrated worldwide and often also known as World Monkey Day and International Monkey Day.