12 March in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

12 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 12 March is the birth anniversary of Sir James Abbott, Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan, Sir Anish Kapoor, and Lakshmi Rajagopalan.

12 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Ganesh Pyne.

Birth Anniversary on 12 March

12 March in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Sir James Abbott (12 March 1807 – 6 October 1896), was a British officer in the Indian Army and an administrator in colonial India. The Pakistani city of Abbottabad was founded by and named after him. He was born on 12 March 1807 in the United Kingdom.

Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 – 25 November 1984), was an Indian politician. He was the first chief minister of Maharashtra. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister of India in the short-lived Charan Singh government in 1979. Shree Chavan was affiliated with the Indian National Congress (INC). He was born on 12 March 1913 in Maharashtra, British India.

Sir Anish Kapoor, a British Indian sculptor specializing in installation art and conceptual art. He was born on 12 March 1954 in Mumbai, India.

Lakshmi Rajagopalan, a leading Carnatic vocalist in India. She was born on 12 March 1959 in Mumbai, India.

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Death Anniversary on 12 March

12 March in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personality:

Ganesh Pyne (11 June 1937 – 12 March 2013), was an Indian painter and illustrator. Pyne was given the Raja Ravi Varma award by the Government of Kerala, and in 2011, the lifetime achievement award by the Indian Chamber of Commerce. He died on 12 March 2013 in Kolkata, India, at an age of 75.

Read More: 10 March in Indian and World History

Notable events on 12 March in Indian and World History

12 March 1925 – Leo Esaki a Japanese physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

12 March 1930 – Mahatma Gandhi started the Dandi March. There were 78 people who started the march with him and were supposed to work with him for 241 miles from his Ashram in Sabarmati to the coastal village of Dandi. The march was supposed to be an act of civil resistance where Mahatma Gandhi broke British law by producing salt.

12 March 1942 – William Henry Bragg a British physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

12 March 1954 – The Sahitya Akademi was founded. It was created for the promotion of literature in Indian languages. The Sahitya Academy Award is one of the most prestigious awards in Indian literature along with the Gyanpeeth Award.

12 March 1968 – Mauritius became independent from the British monarch.

12 March 1993 – The infamous Mumbai bomb blasts happened. These blasts were a series of 12 bomb blasts that happened in different parts of the city. Dawood Ibrahim along with his subordinate’s tiger and Yakub Memon was responsible for this blast. Over 250 people died in the attacks with more than 700 injured.

12 March 2016 – Lloyd Shapley, an American mathematician, economist, and Nobel Prize Laureate died.

12 March Historical Significance

March 12 holds historical significance for several notable events. In 1912, the Girl Scouts of the USA was founded by Juliette Gordon Low, providing opportunities for girls to develop leadership skills and engage in community service. Additionally, on March 12, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi began the Salt March, a pivotal moment in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule. This nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly galvanized the Indian population and drew international attention to the Indian independence movement. Furthermore, in 1994, the Church of England ordained its first female priests, marking a significant milestone in the history of gender equality within the church. These events demonstrate the diverse range of historical significance associated with March 12.

Important Days of 12 March in History

World Kidney Day: This day is observed to raise awareness about the importance of kidney health and to promote kidney disease prevention and treatment worldwide.

National Girl Scout Day (United States): It celebrates the founding of the Girl Scouts of the USA, an organization that empowers girls and young women to develop leadership skills and make a positive impact in their communities.

National Plant a Flower Day: This day encourages people to get involved in gardening and beautifying their surroundings by planting flowers, which not only adds beauty but also promotes environmental sustainability.