1 December in Indian and World History
1 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for several reasons. 1 December is the birth anniversary of Kaka Kalelkar, Raja Mahendra Pratap, Ananta Singh, and Major Shaitan Singh.
1 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari, and Vijayalakshmi Pandit.
1 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Kaka Kalelkar (1 December 1885 – 21 August 1981), a famous Gandhian freedom fighter, educationist, journalist, and writer from India. He was in favor of the armed struggle for the liberation of the country. Only after meeting Gandhiji in 1915 AD, he devoted his entire life to the work of Gandhiji. Kalelkar also had good knowledge of the Gujarati language. In 1922, he was also the editor of the Gujarati paper ‘Navjivan‘. He was born on 1 December 1885.
Raja Mahendra Pratap (1 December 1886 – 29 April 1979), a true patriot, revolutionary, journalist, and social reformer. He was popularly known as ‘Aryan Peshwa’. He was born on 1 December 1886 in Muresan, Uttar Pradesh.
Ananta Singh (1 December 1903 – 25 January 1969), one of the famous revolutionaries of India. He was skilled in making bombs and gun bullets among his fellow revolutionaries. Many of Ananta Singh’s associates were arrested by the police because of the ‘Chittagong incident’. When he came to know about this incident, he himself appeared before the police. Under life imprisonment, he was sent to the Andaman jail in 1932, from where he was released in 1946. He was born on 1 December 1903 in Chittagong, Bengal.
Major Shaitan Singh (1 December 1924 – 18 November 1962), an Indian person honored with the Param Vir Chakra. He received this honor posthumously in 1962. He was born on 1 December 1924.
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1 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Shankar Trimbak Dharmadhikari (18 June 1899 – 1 December 1985), an Indian freedom fighter, writer and Gandhian thinker. He was one of the active workers of ‘Gandhi Seva Sangh’. Dada Dharmadhikari devoted most of his time to the upliftment of Dalits and women. He had good knowledge of Hindi, Sanskrit, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, and English languages. As a writer, more than two dozen of his books were published. He died on 1 December 1985.
Vijayalakshmi Pandit (18 August 1900 – 1 December 1990), a wealthy, aristocratic family, and sister of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Vijayalakshmi Pandit had also made an important contribution to the independence of the country, which cannot be forgotten. She was imprisoned for his participation in the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement. Vijayalakshmi was an educated and enlightened woman and represented India in various conferences held abroad. She was the first woman minister in the political history of India. She was also the first Indian woman president of the United Nations. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was the first woman ambassador of independent India, who represented India in Moscow, London, and Washington. She died on 1 December 1990.
Read More: 29 November in Indian and World History
Notable events on 1 December in Indian and World history
1 December 1933 – Air service between Kolkata and Dhaka was started.
1 December 1955 – A black woman was arrested in the US state of Alabama after she refused to vacate her seat on a bus to a white man.
1 December 1958 – Elizabeth Peratrovich, an American civil rights activist, died.
1 December 1959 – 12 nations signed a treaty for the peaceful scientific use of Antarctica.
1 December 1959 – The first color photo of Earth was taken from outer space.
1 December 1963 – Nagaland became the 16th state of India.
1 December 1965 – The Border Security Force (BSF) was established.
1 December 1973 – David Ben Gurion, the founder and first prime minister of Israel, died at the age of 87.
1 December 1976 – Angola became a member of the United Nations.
1 December 1976 – In Bangladesh, General Ziaur Rahman declared himself the President.
1 December 1988 – The end of the Emergency in Pakistan and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan appointed Benazir Bhutto as Prime Minister.
1 December 1988 – The cyclone in Bangladesh killed 596 people, leaving five lakh people homeless.
1 December 1991 – AIDS Awareness Day started.
1 December 1992 – Diplomatic relations were established between South Korea and South Africa.
1 December 1997 – Chechnya was declared a prohibited area for foreign nationals.
1 December 2000 – The United Nations Security Council endorsed an arms embargo on the Taliban.
1 December 2001 – Anti-Taliban tribesmen captured Kandahar Airport in Afghanistan.
1 December 2002 – Australia won the Ashes Test series for the eighth time in a row over England.
1 December 2006 Nepal adopted the new national anthem, which does not even have the name of the king.
1 December 2007 – Elang Jie Lin of China was crowned Miss World at the Miss World pageant held in Sanya, China.
1 December is observed as World AIDS Day every year to raise awareness and knowledge about HIV and a call to move toward ending the HIV epidemic. This day was first celebrated in 1988. The theme of World AIDS Day 2022 is “ “Rock the Ribbon”.
The Border Security Force (BSF) also observes their BSF Raising Day on 1 December. On 1 December 2022, BSF will observe its 58th BSF Raising Day. The BSF was established as a unified Central agency on 1 December 1965, after the wars with Pakistan and China in 1965 and 1962 respectively.
The People of Nagaland observe Nagaland Statehood Day on 1 December. On 1 December 2022, 60th Nagaland Statehood Day will be observed.