9 October in Indian and World History

Saurav Singh

9 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 9 October is the birth anniversary of Nizamuddin Auliya, Raja Laxman Singh, Gopabandhu Das, Minjur Bhaktavatsalam, Keshub Mahindra, Amjad Ali Khan, and Shakti Singh

9 October is also observed as the death anniversary of Kanshi Ram, and Ravindra Jain.

Birth Anniversary on 9 October

9 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Nizamuddin Auliya (9 October 1238 – present) was a revered Indian Sufi saint, known for his spiritual teachings and profound influence on the culture of the region. His life and work have been celebrated for centuries, particularly in Delhi where he spent much of his time.

Raja Laxman Singh (9 October 1826 – July 14, 1896) was the main creator of Hindi prose style before the Bhartendu Harishchandra era. He tried to make Hindi Sanskritised to suit Hindi culture. He also published ‘Praja Hitaishi’ newspaper from Agra. Raja Lakshman Singh had translated Kalidas’s ‘Abhigyan Shakuntalam’, ‘Raghuvansh’ and ‘Meghdootam’ into Hindi.

Gopabandhu Das (9 October 1877 – June 17, 1928) was a famous freedom fighter, journalist, poet and litterateur. He was a famous social worker of Orissa. Gopabandhu Das is also known as ‘Utkal Mani’. Whenever there is talk of nationalism and freedom struggle in the state of Orissa, people take the name of Gopabandhu Das.

Minjur Bhaktavatsalam (9 October 1897 – 31 January 1987) was a famous freedom fighter and former Chief Minister of Madras Province (now Tamil Nadu).

Keshub Mahindra (9 October 1923 – present) is a prominent Indian businessman who served as the chairman of the Mahindra Group. His leadership and vision have significantly contributed to the growth and diversification of the company, making it one of India’s leading industrial firms.

Amjad Ali Khan (9 October 1945, Gwalior) is a renowned Indian sarod player, who traces his lineage to the Senia Gharana and is considered one of the leading classical musicians of India.

Shakti Singh (9 October 1955 – present) is an Indian actor and voice actor, recognized for his contributions to Hindi cinema and television. His versatile voice has brought to life many characters, making him a respected figure in the industry.

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Death Anniversary on 9 October

9 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Kanshi Ram (15 March 1934 – 9 October 2006) was the founder of Bahujan Samaj Party and the biggest leader of Dalit politics. Kanshi Ram, who yearned for the upliftment of Dalits and dreamed of having power in their hands, recognized Mayawati’s potential and inspired her to enter politics.

Ravindra Jain (28 February 1944 – 9 October 2015) was a famous composer and singer of Indian Hindi cinema. He was mainly famous as a bhajan singer. Ravindra Jain was a composer of Hindi cinema who understood the world through his mind’s eyes.

Read More: 4 October in Indian and World History

Notable events on 9 October in Indian and World History

Some of the Notable events on 9 October in World History are mentioned below:

6 October 1876 – For the first time, two-way conversation was done on telephone through out wire. After this, in 1947, two people sitting in a moving car and a plane had a conversation. In 1959, people talked while traveling in autorickshaws and planes.

9 October 1933Peter Mansfield, a British physicist who made significant contributions to the field of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

9 October 1948 – Ciaran Carson, a Northern Ireland-born poet and novelist, was born.

6 October 1962 – African country Uganda became a republic.

6 October 1967 – Assassination of Argentina’s famous Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.

6 October 1997 – Italian actor and writer Dario Fo was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

6 October 1998 – The National Assembly of Pakistan approved Islamic Shariat law as the supreme law of the country.

6 October 2002 – The Nobel Prize in Physics for the year 2002 was announced to be awarded jointly to Raymond Davis of America and Koshiba of Japan.

6 October 2005 – Launch of European satellite ‘Cryosat’ failed.

6 October 2006 – Google announces the acquisition of YouTube.

6 October 2007 – China accused India of violating the agreement.

6 October 2008 – The Central Government formed a committee of experts to protect the oil from mafia.

6 October 2012 – Malala, who played an important role in promoting girls’ education, was shot by the Taliban while going to school.

9 October Historical Significance

October 9th is a date marked by numerous significant historical events across various centuries. On this day in 768, Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I were crowned Kings of The Franks, a pivotal moment in European history. Fast forward to 1000 AD, and Leif Ericson reached “Vinland,” possibly L’Anse aux Meadows in Canada, becoming the first European to reach North America. In 1446, the Hangul alphabet was first published in Korea by King Sejong the Great, revolutionizing the Korean writing system. The date also saw the Siege of Savannah during the American Revolutionary War in 1779, where General Casimir Pulaski was mortally wounded. More recently, October 9th, 1967, marked the execution of Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara in Bolivia, and in 1989, Hungary became a democratic republic after over 40 years of communist rule. These events, among others, have left an indelible mark on the tapestry of human history, making October 9th a day to remember and reflect upon the past.

Important Days of 9 October in History

Some of the Notable events on 9 October in History are mentioned below:

  • Uganda Independence Day: On October 9th, 1962, Uganda waved its new flag with pride, embarking on a journey of self-determination and national development.
  • World Post Day: Celebrated on October 9th to mark the anniversary of the Universal Postal Union’s establishment in 1874, which aimed to create and maintain a structure for the free flow of international mail around the world.
  • World Sight Day: Although not always on October 9th, it is observed on the second Thursday of October and focuses on raising awareness about blindness and vision impairment.
  • National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust (Romania): Romania observes this day to remember the victims of the Holocaust and to promote education about this tragic event in history.
  • Independence Day (Uganda): Uganda celebrates its independence from British rule, which was achieved on October 9th, 1962.
  • Hangul Day (South Korea): Also known as the Korean Alphabet Day, it is celebrated to commemorate the invention and the proclamation of Hangul, the alphabet of the Korean language, by King Sejong the Great.
  • Leif Erikson Day (United States): Honors Leif Erikson, the Norse explorer believed to be the first European to set foot on North American soil, predating Christopher Columbus by centuries.
  • Valencian Community Day (Spain): A regional holiday in Spain, celebrating the autonomy of the Valencian Community.
  • Fire Prevention Day (United States): Part of Fire Prevention Week, this day is dedicated to raising fire safety awareness and commemorating the Great Chicago Fire.
  • National Nanotechnology Day (United States): An annual celebration featuring events that promote the benefits of nanotechnology, observed with the theme of the “nano” scale, 10^-9 meters.
  • World Egg Day: Celebrated on the second Friday of October, it promotes the benefits of eggs and their importance in human nutrition.

These days reflect a diverse range of historical events, cultural celebrations, and awareness campaigns that are recognized internationally or within specific countries. They offer an opportunity to educate, commemorate, and celebrate significant achievements and milestones.