7 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 7 October is the birth anniversary of Narhari Parikh, Durgavati Devi, Begum Akhtar, Begum Akhtar, Bali Ram Bhagat, and Zaheer Khan.

7 October is also observed as the death anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, and K. Kelappan

Birth Anniversary

7 October in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Narhari Parikh (7 October 1891 – 1957), one of the freedom fighters of India. He was a close associate of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi had appointed Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parikh as his trustees in his will. In the year 1937, when the first Congress cabinet was formed, Narhari Parikh was appointed as the chairman of the Board of Basic Education. Narhari Parikh was also known as a good writer. He also wrote several biographies. He was born on 7 October 1891 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

Durgavati Devi (7 October 1907 – 15 October 1999), a major ally of the revolutionaries in India’s freedom struggle. Along with the famous revolutionary Bhagat Singh, this same Durgavati Devi had traveled by disguise on 18 December 1928 by Calcutta Mail. Durgavati Bohra, a wife of revolutionary Bhagwati Charan Bohra, who prepared the document ‘The Philosophy of Bomb’ at the request of Chandrashekhar Azad, was famous among the revolutionaries as ‘Durga Bhabhi’. She presided over the meeting convened in Lahore in 1927 to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. A British officer named Taylor was injured in a plan to kill the then Bombay Governor Haley, who was shot by Durga Bhabhi. Durgavati Devi was born on 7 October 1907 in Allahabad.

Begum Akhtar (7 October 1914 – 30 October 1974), an Indian famous ghazal and thumri singer, was awarded the ‘Padma Shri’ in 1968 and ‘Padma Bhushan’ in 1975 by the Government of India in the field of art. Begum Akhtar is also known as Mallika-e-Ghazal. She was born on 7 October 1914 in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Bali Ram Bhagat (7 October 1922 – 2 January 2011), the Renowned freedom fighter, deeply experienced in a parliamentary system and well versed in parliamentary procedures and rules of conduct of business, when he was elected to the fifth Lok Sabha on 15 January 1976 as Speaker of the Lok Sabha, then the fixed term of the assembly was about to end. Bhagat had all the qualifications required for the post of president. He was forthright, honest, firm, and fair. He had a deep faith in the Sabha and its traditions. Bhagat’s tenure as Speaker of Lok Sabha after independence was the shortest tenure of fewer than fourteen months, but in this short period, he left his indelible mark on the proceedings of the House. The manner in which he served as the Governor after being in the presidency proved that he is innately a capable and talented person. He has demonstrated his ability in various national and international forums. Bhagat was born on 7 October 1922 in Patna, Bihar.

Zaheer Khan, an Indian former cricketer who played all forms of the game for the Indian national team from 2000 till 2014. He is considered one of the best Indian fast bowlers and the second-most successful Indian pace bowler in Test cricket, behind Kapil Dev. Zaheer was known for his hostile seam and pace bowling, especially fast inch-perfect. He was born on 7 October 1978 in Shrirampur, Maharashtra, India.

Read More: 2 September in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

7 October in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Guru Gobind Singh (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708), considered the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs. He was appointed Guru of the Sikhs on 11 November 1675 and remained in this post till 1708 AD. He was famous for the creation of the Khalsa, the military association of the Sikhs. Some scholars say that whenever there is a decline of religion, then there is also the disintegration of truth and justice and due to terror, tyranny, injustice, violence, and humanity are in danger. At that time, to destroy the wicked and to protect truth, justice, and righteousness, God Himself incarnates on this ground. Guru Govind Singh died on 7 October 1708 in Nanded, Maharashtra.

K.Kelappan (24 August 1889 – 7 October 1971), was a famous nationalist leader, freedom fighter and social reformer from Kerala. He was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. When Gandhiji started the ‘Non-cooperation Movement’, K. Kelappan left his college studies and joined the movement. Calicut, Kerala He was named the first Satyagrahi by Gandhiji during the ‘Individual Satyagraha’ in the year 1930. After independence when J. NS. Kripalani formed ‘Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party, then K. Kelappan joined the party and was later elected a member of the Lok Sabha. He died on 7 October 1971.

Read More: 6 September in Indian and World History

Notable events on 7 October in Indian and World history

7 October 1586 – The Mughal army entered Kashmir on this day.

7 October 1868 – Cornell University in America opened in 1868. In these 412 students were enrolled, which was the highest number at that time.

7 October 1919 – Gandhi’s ‘Navjivan‘ magazine was published in 1919.

7 October 1940 – Romania passed under German control in a massive military crackdown during World War II.

7 October 1942 – The US and the British government announced the establishment of the United Nations in.

7 October 1949 – East Germany became a separate country in with the coming into existence of the Democratic government.

7 October 1950 – Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata.

7 October 1952 – Chandigarh became the capital of Punjab.

7 October 1959 – The hidden part of the Moon was photographed by the Soviet Union’s spacecraft Lunar-3.

7 October 1992 – The Rapid Action Force in India was formed in 1992. It was specially formed to deal sympathetically and expertly with communal riots. This force also helps the civil administration in dealing with natural calamities.

7 October 1950 – A year after the establishment of communist rule in China in the army of this country invaded Tibet and took it under its control.

7 October 1885 Niels Bohr, was a Danish physicist, and Nobel Prize for his fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics was Born.

7 October 2000 – WWF-India received the first Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Conservation Award.

7 October 2001 – America’s operation against terrorism ‘Enjoying Freedom’ began.

7 October 2003 – the President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, announced the continuation of the campaign against the extremists.

 7 October 2020 – Mario J. Molina a Mexican American chemist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

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