6 August in Indian and World History
6 August in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 6 August the birth anniversary of K. M. Chandy, Dr Gurdial Singh Dhillon, Amritsar Govindsingh Kripal Singh, and Rajendra Singh.
6 August is also observed as the death anniversary of Surendranath Banerjee, and Suraj Bhan.
6 August in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
K. M. Chandy (6 August 1921 – 7 September 1998) was a freedom fighter and former Governor of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. He started participating in politics at the age of 17. At that time, he was a student of class 12th. In 1946 when K. M. Chandy was the secretary of the Meenachil Taluk Congress Committee, then he was banned from participating in political activities, but he continued to participate in the freedom struggle. On 15 May 1982, K. M. Chandy became the Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry. He was made the Governor of Gujarat on 6 August 1983. He later assumed the office of the Governor of Madhya Pradesh on May 19, 1984. He was Born on 6 August 1921 in Kerala.
Dr Gurdial Singh Dhillon (6 August 1915 – 23 March 1992) was the fifth Lok Sabha Speaker of India. He is also known as ‘Dhillon’. Gurdial Singh Dhillon was a multi-talented person who was interested in everything from law to journalism and education and sports to constitutional studies. He did not like to compromise on principles. For him, Parliament was the temple of democracy and therefore he had great respect for the Sabha and its traditions and practices. He had an amazing ability to sense the mood of the assembly in a moment and his approach was practical. Due to these qualities, he could discharge the greater responsibility of the post of President in a proud manner. The election of Dhillon as the President of the Inter-Parliamentary Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union was a matter of great honour not only for him but also for the entire people of India and the Indian Parliament. He was Born on 6 August 1915 in Panjab.
Amritsar Govind Singh Kripal Singh (6 August 1933 – 22 July 1987) was an Indian Test cricketer. He played a leading role in Madras winning the Ranji Trophy in 1954–55, scoring 636 runs, and taking 13 wickets. In the semi-final against Bengal, he hit 98 and 97 – the second innings runs came out of a total of 139 all out in which no one else reached double figures – and took 4 for 18 in the second innings. Picked for the Test series against New Zealand in the following season, he scored 100* on his debut. That was to remain his only Test hundred. He scored two other fifties, one a defiant 53 against West Indies in 1958–59. He was born a Sikh, but between his Test appearances, Kripal fell in love with a Christian girl and converted to marry her and shaved off his beard and had a haircut. But yet he practised both religions. That makes him probably the first Test cricketer to represent two religions. He was Born on 6 August 1933 in India.
Rajendra Singh is an Indian environmental activist. He is famous for his work in the field of water conservation. The Alwar district of Rajasthan has been considered a dry region from the beginning, where water was considered a scarce commodity. At that time, making water reservoirs and collecting rainwater in them, and keeping them safe was a traditional method, by which the problem of water was removed. These reservoirs were called ‘johad’. During the period of development, the work of quarries and deforestation of the foothills of the hills almost put an end to these johads. The men mostly fled the city, and the area was in a serious water crisis. Rajendra Singh understood the situation of this crisis fundamentally and decided to overcome it and founded “Tarun Bharat Sangh”, in which volunteer youths again returned to traditional johads, which solved the problem of water to a great extent. For this work, he was awarded the ‘Ramon Magsaysay Award‘ in 2001. He was Born on 6 August 1959 in Utter Pradesh.
Read More: 5 July in Indian and World History
6 Augustin Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Surendranath Banerjee (10 November 1848 – 6 August 1925) was a famous freedom fighter, who was twice elected President of the Congress. He is also known as the ‘Maker of Bengal’ of 1905. He founded the Indian National Committee, one of the earliest Indian political organizations, and later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. Surendranath Banerjee applied in England for admission to the Indian Civil Service (Indian Administrative Service) after graduation. At that time there was only one Hindu in this service. Banerjee was not included on the ground that she had misreported her age. Alleging discrimination on the basis of caste, Banerjee argued in her appeal that according to Hindu custom, she added her age from the time of conception. Not by birth and he won. Banerjee was posted to Sylhet (now Bangladesh) but was removed in 1874 amid much controversy and opposition on charges of implementation irregularities. He then tried to enrol himself as a barrister, but permission was denied to him because he was dismissed from the Indian Civil Service (Indian Administrative Service). It was a massive blow for him, and he realized that being an Indian he had to bear it all. Banerjee died on 6 August 1952.
Suraj Bhan (1 October 1928 – 6 August 2006) was an Indian politician and Dalit leader. He was the governor of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and Bihar. Suraj Bhan’s political career started with the Bharatiya Jana Sangh. He was a member of the All-India Executive of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh from 1970-1973, in charge of the Scheduled Castes / Tribes cell of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh from 1973-1976, and the secretary of Haryana State. He was the revenue minister in the Government of Haryana from 1987 to 1990. In 1996 he was also the Minister of Agriculture in the Government of Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Suraj Bhan ji’s valuable time has been devoted to the welfare of the downtrodden and backward. He served as Governor of Uttar Pradesh (20 April 1998-23 November 2000), Himachal Pradesh (November 2000- May 2003), and Bihar (1999). He died on 6 August 2006.
Read More: 4 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 6 Augustin Indian and World History
6 August 1862 – Madras High Court was established on this day.
6 August 1906 – Prominent freedom fighter Chittaranjan Das and other Congress leaders together started the publication of “Vande Mataram” newspaper.
6 August 1945 – The US dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on this day.
6 August 1996 – NASA expressed the possibility of life on Mars.
6 August 2001 – Economic agreement between India and Australia.
6 August 2002 – Due to tensions between India and Pakistan, Australia recalled its citizens from Pakistan.
6 August 2007 – Hungarian scientists claimed to have found a fossil of a pine tree about eight million years old.
6 August 2008 – State-owned Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) got an order for the installation of an 880 MW supercritical boiler at Krishnapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, the first order in this category.
6 August 2010 – At least 255 people were killed in the flash floods in Jammu and Kashmir.
6 August 2012 – NASA’s Curiosity rover reached Mars on this day.
Hiroshima Day is observed on 6 August every year to mark the anniversary of the atomic bombing of two cities of Japan –Hiroshima and Nagasaki — during World War 2. The nuclear bomb blasts killed nearly 80,000 people while more than 35,000 were injured.