Chidambaram Subramaniam (30 January 1910 – 7 November 2000) was an Indian politician and independence activist. He served as Minister of Finance and Minister of Defence in the union cabinet. He later served as the Governor of Maharashtra. As the Minister for Food and Agriculture, he ushered the Indian Green Revolution, an era of self-sufficiency in food production along with M. S. Swaminathan, B. Sivaraman, and Norman E. Borlaug. He was awarded Bharat Ratna, Indian’s highest civilian award, in 1998, for his role in ushering Green Revolution.

Life and Career

Chidambaram Subramaniam was born on January 30, 1910, in Kadayam, Tamil Nadu, India. He came from a family with a background in agriculture. He completed his early education in India and then pursued higher studies at the University of Illinois, USA, where he obtained a Master’s degree in agriculture.

Subramaniam’s career was marked by his dedication to agricultural development and public service. He played a pivotal role in shaping India’s agricultural policies and ensuring food security for the nation.

Subramaniam was instrumental in promoting the Green Revolution in India during the 1960s. He advocated for the use of high-yielding crop varieties, modern farming techniques, and improved irrigation methods to increase agricultural productivity. His efforts helped transform India from a food-deficit country to a self-sufficient one.

Subramaniam was associated with the Indian National Congress party. He served in various ministerial positions, including Minister of Food and Agriculture, Minister of Steel and Heavy Engineering, and Minister of Irrigation and Power.

Subramaniam also contributed to education reform in India. He emphasized the importance of education for rural development and worked to improve educational infrastructure in rural areas.

Chidambaram Subramaniam passed away on November 7, 2000, leaving behind a legacy of agricultural and educational advancements in India.

Award and Legacy

Subramaniam’s contributions earned him several awards and honors, including the prestigious Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan, which are among the highest civilian honors in India. His legacy remains influential in the fields of agriculture and rural development:

Subramaniam’s work laid the foundation for modern agricultural practices in India, which continue to contribute to the country’s food security. He emphasized the importance of rural development and understood the link between agriculture and overall rural progress.

His advocacy for agricultural and educational reforms has left a lasting impact on Indian policymaking, with his ideas continuing to shape discussions around these issues. Subramaniam’s life and dedication to public service serve as an inspiration to future generations of leaders, especially in the fields of agriculture, education, and rural development.

Chidambaram Subramaniam’s legacy lives on through the advancements he brought to India’s agricultural sector and his contributions to the nation’s development.


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