India observes Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas on several dates. Three brave freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar, were hanged by the British on March 23. In honor of Mahatma Gandhi, January 30th is Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas.

It is observed on January 30 as Martyr’s Day, or Shaheed Diwas, to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi. On March 23, (Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas), it is observed to honor the three extraordinary revolutionaries of India who were hanged by the British, namely Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House on January 30, 1948.

History of Martyr’s Day

On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse during his evening prayers at Birla House. He was a freedom fighter, a simple man with great determination, and he gave his life to ensure India’s independence, welfare, and development.

As a justification for his crime, Nathuram Godse held Gandhiji responsible for the partition of the country and the deaths of thousands during the freedom struggle. In no way did he feel guilty for the crime he committed against Gandhiji. Godse was sentenced to death on November 8th. In other words, the martyrdom of Bapu took place on January 30, the day he breathed his last. This day has been declared Shaheed Diwas, or Martyr’s Day, by the government of India.

How the day is Celebrated?

A flower garland will be placed on the statue of Bapu by the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and Defence Minister at the Rajghat for Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi on January 30. In honor of the martyrs, the armed forces and inter-services contingent salute. There were two minutes of silence held there in memory of the Father of the Nation, Bapu, and other martyrs across the country. Also sung are several bhajans or religious prayers. In many schools, students perform patriotic songs and plays on this day.

30 January: Remembering Mahatma Gandhi on his Punya Tithi

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