22 January in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

22 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 22 January is the birth anniversary of Thakur Roshan Singh, T.M. Krishna, and Tarun Ram Phukan.

22 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Shah Jahan and A. Nageswara Rao.

Birth Anniversary on 22 January

22 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Thakur Roshan Singh (22 January 1892 – 19 December 1927), was one of the revolutionaries who fought for India’s independence. On 9 August 1925, the government treasury was looted under the ‘Kakori Kand’ near ‘Kakori‘ station near Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Although Thakur Roshan Singh did not directly participate in the ‘Kakori Kand’, seeing his charming and flamboyant personality, he was also sentenced to death along with the dacoit masters Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaq Ulla Khan, and Rajendranath Lahiri. He was born on 22 January 1892 in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

T.M. Krishna, a trained Carnatic singer in India. He has received the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for the year 2016. Along with him, another Indian, Bezwada Wilson, has also received this award. Bezwada has been given this award for his special contribution to the field of human rights, while TM Krishna has been given this award for his efforts for social solidarity in culture. He was born on 22 January 1976.

Tarun Ram Phukan (22 January 1877 – 24 July 1939), was one of the prominent activists of Assam. He started his professional life as a Barrister. He had a big hand in the promotion of the Swarajya Party. Tarun Rai made a valuable contribution to improving the condition of women in India. He was always in favor of the equality of women. He was born on 22 January 1877 in Guwahati.

Read More: 21 January in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 22 January

22 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Shah Jahan (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666), was the fifth Mughal emperor. He was very popular during his time due to his justice and luxury. After the death of Emperor Jahangir, Shah Jahan was chosen as the heir to the Mughal throne at a young age. He ascended the throne in 1627 after the death of his father. He died on 22 January 1666 in Agra.

A. Nageswara Rao (20 September 1924 – 22 January 2014), is a famous Telugu film actor and film producer of Indian cinema. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second-best civilian award by the Government of India in 2011, and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest honor of Indian cinema, in 1990 for his significant contribution to the arts. He died on 22 January 2014.

Read More: 20 January in Indian and World History

Notable events on 22 January in Indian and World History

22 January 1673 – Postal service started between Boston and New York.

22 January 1760 – The British defeated the French in the Battle of Wandiwash.

22 January 1837 – Thousands of people died earthquake in southern Syria.

22 January 1865 – Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacist best known for creating the “Scoville Organoleptic Test”, was born.

22 January 1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, a Soviet film director, screenwriter, film editor, and film theorist, was born.

22 January 1905 – Workers were fired upon in Saint Petersburg, Russia, in which more than 600 people were killed.

22 January 1924 – Ramsey Macdonald became the first Prime Minister of the Labor Party in Britain.

2 January 1943 – Barış Manço, was a Turkish rock musician, singer, and composer, who was born

22 January 1957 – Perween Rahman, a Pakistani social activist, and director of the Orangi Pilot Project Research and Training Institute, was born.

22 January 1963 – The National Library for the Blind was established in Dehradun.

22 January 1965 – The steel plant at Durgapur in West Bengal started.

22 January 1968 – Apollo 5 flew into space with the first Lunar Module.

22 January 1970 – The first commercial flight of the Boeing 747 began between London and New York.

22 January 1972 – The entire population of Istanbul was put under house arrest for 24 hours.

22 January 1973 – the US Supreme Court legalized abortion. According to the court’s decision, women can get an abortion within 6 months after becoming pregnant.

22 January 1973 – Jordan Airlines plane crashes in Nigeria, killing nearly 200 passengers.

22 January 1981 – Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the 40th President of the United States of America.

22 January 1981  María Moliner, a Spanish librarian, lexicographer, and feminist, died.

22 January 1992 – Dr. Roberta Bonder became the first Canadian neurologist and the first woman to go into space.

22 January 1996 – Scientists at the University of California Observatory discovered two new planets at a distance of about 350,000 light-years from Earth.

22 January 2003 – NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft (the farthest man-made spacecraft) from Earth made the last contact.

22 January Historical Significance

January 22 has witnessed several significant events throughout history. On this day in 1905, the Bloody Sunday massacre occurred in St. Petersburg, Russia, marking a turning point in the Russian Revolution of 1905. In 1973, the United States Supreme Court handed down its landmark decision in Roe v. Wade, legalizing abortion in the country. Additionally, in 1984, the Apple Macintosh, one of the first personal computers to feature a graphical user interface, was introduced by Apple Inc. This date also marks the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Vatican City and Israel in 1994, further solidifying international relations. These events showcase the diversity of historical occurrences on January 22, ranging from political turmoil to technological advancements and diplomatic breakthroughs.

Important Days of 22 January in History

Celebration of Life Day: This day is dedicated to celebrating children and grandchildren, emphasizing the joy and importance they bring to our lives.

National Answer Your Cat’s Questions Day (USA): A whimsical day encouraging cat owners to interact with their pets, trying to understand their behavior and needs better.

National Blonde Brownie Day (USA): A day to enjoy and celebrate the delicious treat known as the blonde brownie or blondie, which is a rich, sweet dessert bar similar to the traditional chocolate brownie but flavored with vanilla.