21 November in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

21 November in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 21 November is the birth anniversary of Kesari Singh Barhat, Harekrishna Mahatab, Yadunath Singh, and Anandiben Patel.

21 November is also observed as the death anniversary of Sikandar Lodi, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, and Avinashilingam Chettiar.

Birth Anniversary

21 November in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Kesari Singh Barhat (21 November 1872 – 14 August 1941), a famous Rajasthani poet and freedom fighter. He acquired authentic scholarship by studying History, Philosophy, Psychology, Astronomy, and Astrology, etc along with languages ​​like Bangla, Marathi, Gujarati etc. Kesari’s brother Zorawar Singh Barhat and son Pratap Singh Barhat along with Rash Behari Bose participated in the task of throwing a bomb on the ride of Lord Hardinge II. Kesari Singh Barhat composed the famous ‘Chetawani Ra Chungtya’, which the Maharana of Mewar was highly impressed by reading which he did not attend the ‘Delhi Durbar’ organized by Lord Curzon in 1903. He was born on 21 November 1872 in Devpura, Shahpura, Rajasthan.

Harekrishna Mahatab (21 November 1899 – 2 January 1987), one of the prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress. Counted among the architects of modern Orissa, Harekrishna Mahtab was a pioneer in India’s freedom struggle. He was also the Chief Minister of Orissa from 1946 to 1950 and again from 1956 to 1961. Hare Krishna Mahtab was also known by the title of ‘Utkal Kesari’ in Orissa. He was born on 21 November 1899 in Balasore, Orissa.

Yadunath Singh (21 November 1916 – 6 February 1948), an Indian soldier awarded the Param Vir Chakra. He received this honor posthumously in 1948. He was born on 21 November 1916 in Jammu.

Anandiben Patel, an Indian politician and the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She has been the first woman Chief Minister of Gujarat. Anandiben Patel, who won the assembly elections four consecutive times, is considered a good administrator. The BJP’s nominated Prime Minister Narendra Modi resigned as the Chief Minister of Gujarat on 21 May 2014. Anandiben Patel’s tenure as Chief Minister was from 22 May 2014 to 7 August 2016. He is involved in Bharatiya Janata Party since 1987. Anandiben Patel came in contact with Narendra Modi in 1980 when he was a RSS pracharak. Anandiben Patel has vast administrative experience. She has held the responsibility of the Urban Development, Revenue, and Education Department. She was born on 21 November in Kharod Village, Vijapur Taluka, Mehsana, Gujarat.

Read More: 20 November in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

21 November in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Sikandar Lodi (17 July 1458 – 21 November 1517), son and successor of Bahlol Lodi. His original name was ‘Nizam Khan’ and he ascended the throne of Delhi on 17 July 1489 with the title ‘Sultan Sikandar Shah’. He was the son of a goldsmith Hindu mother. Sikandar Lodi was intolerant from a religious point of view. He was a nurturer and lover of learning. He died on 21 November 1517 due to a throat disease.

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970), the first person who brought India to fame in the scientific world. There were achievements of science in ancient India, such as the discovery of the zero and decimal system, the rotation of the earth on its axis, and the formulas of Ayurveda, etc. But as a whole, no significant progress was made in the experimental angle of science. Raman discovered that lost path and propounded the rules which opened the way for the development and progress of independent India. It is difficult to estimate the impetus that Raman gave to the study and research of science in independent India. He died on 21 November 1970 in Bangalore.

Tiruppur Subramaniam Avinashilingam Chettiar (5 May 1903 – 21 November 1991), an Indian lawyer, Gandhian leader, politician, and one of the freedom fighters. He was influenced by Gandhiji and propagated his ideas by wandering. Avinashalingam’s personality was very simple. He remained unmarried for life. He died on 21 November 1991.

Read More: 19 November in Indian and World History


Notable events on 21 November in Indian and World History

21 November 1844  Ivan Andreyevich Krylov, Russia’s best-known fabulist and probably the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors died.

21 November 1877 – The famous scientist Thomas Alva Edison presented the first phonograph to the world.

21 November 1906 – China banned the opium trade on this day.

21 November 1916 Jadunath Singh, an Indian soldier, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

21 November 1921 – The Prince of Wales (Emperor Edward VIII) arrived in Bombay (now Mumbai) and the Congress declared a nationwide strike.

21 November 1947 – After independence, the first postage stamp was issued in the country.

21 November 1956 – Teacher’s Day was approved by bringing a resolution.

21 November 1962 – During the Indo-China border dispute, China declared a ceasefire.

21 November 1963 – India’s space program began with the launch of a rocket from the Thumba region of Kerala.

21 November 1963 – India’s first rocket named ‘Nike-Apache’ was launched.

21 November 1979 – Muslim militants capture the Kaaba Mosque in Mecca.

21 November 1986 – The Central African Republic adopted the constitution.

21 November 1996 – Abdus Salam, a Pakistani theoretical physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, died.

21 November 2001 – The United Nations proposed the creation of an interim administration in Afghanistan.

21 November 2002 – Muslim League (Quaid-Azam) leader Zafarullah Khan Jamali was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.

21 November 2005 – Sri Lanka’s newly elected President Mahinda Rajapaksa appointed former Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake as the country’s new Prime Minister.

21 November 2006 – India and China decided to enhance joint cooperation in the field of civilian nuclear energy.

21 November 2007 – PepsiCo Chairman Indra Nooyi was inducted into the Board of Directors of the American Indian Business Council.

21 November 2008 – Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh expressed the possibility of India’s economic growth rate at 8% despite the global recession

21 November Historical Significance

November 21 has witnessed several significant events throughout history. On this day in 1620, the Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower arrived at Plymouth Harbor, marking the beginning of European colonization in North America. In 1783, the United States celebrated its first official Thanksgiving Day, following the end of the Revolutionary War. Additionally, on November 21, 1877, inventor Thomas Edison announced his invention of the phonograph, revolutionizing the way sound could be recorded and reproduced. This date also holds significance in the realm of space exploration, as in 1973, the unmanned spacecraft Skylab 4 was launched, beginning its mission to study the effects of long-duration spaceflight on the human body. These events underscore the diverse historical importance of November 21 across various fields and contexts.

Important Days of 21 November in History

World Hello Day: is observed every year on 21 November to promote awareness that conflicts should be resolved through communication rather than the use of force. Participants verbally greet ten people or more on that day as an expression of the importance of personal communication in preserving peace. The annual global event began to be celebrated in 1973 as a response to the Yom Kippur War.

World Television Day: In 1996, the United Nations general assembly declared November 21 World Television Day. The UN recognized television as having an increased impact on decision making as well as being an ambassador for the entertainment industry. Television is a symbol of communication and globalization that educates, informs, entertains and influences our decisions and opinions.

World Fisheries Day is observed every year on 21 November. It aims to draw attention of public to ensure healthy oceans ecosystems and to guarantee sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world. It also serves to shine a spotlight on the challenges fishers face while out at sea.