20 March: Tunisia National Day and its Significance

OV Digital Desk

Tunisia National Day, also known as Independence Day, is celebrated on 20 March every year. It commemorates the day in 1956 when Tunisia gained independence from France after years of colonization.

Tunisia’s independence was the result of a long struggle and the efforts of many Tunisian nationalists, including Habib Bourguiba, who later became the first President of Tunisia. The struggle for independence included peaceful protests, strikes, and political organizing.

On March 20th, 1956, the French government agreed to Tunisia’s demands for independence after negotiations with Bourguiba. The Tunisian flag was raised for the first time, and Bourguiba gave a speech announcing the country’s independence.

Since then, March 20th has been celebrated as Tunisia National Day. The day is marked by national celebrations, parades, and fireworks. It is a day for Tunisians to reflect on their country’s history, celebrates their independence, and renew their commitment to building a strong and prosperous nation.

History

Tunisia had been a French protectorate since 1881, and the struggle for independence began in the early 20th century. In 1934, Habib Bourguiba founded the Neo-Destour Party, which advocated for Tunisian independence and worked to build a unified national identity.

In the 1940s, the struggle for independence intensified with widespread protests and strikes. Bourguiba was arrested and imprisoned by the French authorities several times but continued to lead the independence movement from behind bars.

In 1954, the French government offered Tunisia limited autonomy, which was rejected by Bourguiba and the Neo-Destour Party. The following year, Tunisia was granted full internal autonomy, and Bourguiba became the country’s first prime minister.

Negotiations for full independence continued, and on March 20th, 1956, the French government agreed to Tunisia’s demands for independence. The Tunisian flag was raised, and Bourguiba gave a speech announcing the country’s independence.

Since then, March 20th has been celebrated as Tunisia National Day. It is a public holiday, and celebrations include parades, speeches, and fireworks displays. The day is an important symbol of Tunisian national identity and the country’s struggle for independence.

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