19 October in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 19 October is the birth anniversary of Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande, Pandurang Shastri Athavale, and Sunny Deol.
October 19 is also observed as the death anniversary of George Varghese Kakkanadan, Carl Frederik Tietgen, and ….
October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 73 days remain until the end of the year.
19 October in History is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian-American theoretical physicist who spent his professional life in the United States. He shared the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics with William A. Fowler for “…theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”. His mathematical treatment of stellar evolution yielded many of the current theoretical models of the later evolutionary stages of massive stars and black holes. Many concepts, institutions, and inventions, including the Chandrasekhar limit and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, are named after him.
Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande (19 October 1917 – 21 April 2020) was an Indian mathematician with notable achievements in combinatorial mathematics. He was notable for his breakthrough work along with R. C. Bose and E. T. Parker in their disproof of the famous conjecture made by Leonhard Euler dated 1782 that there do not exist two mutually orthogonal latin squares of order 4n + 2 for any n. Shrikhande’s specialty was combinatorics, and statistical designs. Shrikhande graph is used in statistical designs.
Pandurang Shastri Athavale (19 October 1920 – 25 October 2003), also known as Dada /Dadaji, which literally translates as “elder brother” in Marathi, was an Indian activist, philosopher, spiritual leader, social revolutionary, and religion reformist, who founded the Swadhyaya Parivar (Swadhyaya family) in 1954. Swadhyaya is a self-study process based on the Bhagavad Gita which has spread across nearly 100,000 villages in India, the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Oceania and other Asian countries with five million adherents. Noted for his discourses on the Bhagavad Gita, the Vedas, and the Upanishads, Dadaji is also known for his selfless work and brilliant knowledge in scriptures.
Ajay Singh Deol (born 19 October 1956), better known as Sunny Deol, is an Indian actor, film director, producer, politician and incumbent Member of Parliament from Gurdaspur. As an actor, he has worked in more than 90 Hindi films in a career spanning over four decades and is particularly known for his angry action-hero persona. Deol has won two National Film Awards and two Filmfare Awards.
19 October in History is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
George Varghese Kakkanadan (23 April 1935 – 19 October 2011), commonly known as Kakkanadan, was an Indian short-story writer and novelist in the Malayalam language. His works broke away from the neo-realism that dominated Malayalam literature through the 1950s and 1960s. He is often credited with laying the foundation of modernism in Malayalam literature. He is a recipient of the Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award and Kerala Sahitya Akademi Awards in addition to numerous other awards and recognitions.
19 October 1899 – Miguel Angel Asturias, a Guatemalan poet-diplomat, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
19 October 1901 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord died.
19 October 1905 – Virgil Earp, American marshal died.
19 October 1916 – Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek general and target shooter died.
19 October 1916 – Jean Dausset, a French immunologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
19 October 1918 – Harold Lockwood, an American actor died.
19 October 1924 – Louis Zborowski, English race car driver and engineer died.
19 October 1936 – Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic died.
19 October 1937 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate died.
19 October 1943 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor and illustrator died.
19 October 1944 – Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician died.
19 October 1945 – Angus Deaton, an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.
19 October 1945 – Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and politician, 40th President of Mexico died.
19 October 1945 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator died.
19 October 1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright died.
19 October 1952 – Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer died.
19 October 1956 – Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader died.
19 October 1960 – Hjalmar Dahl, Finnish journalist, translator and writer died.
19 October 1960 – George Wallace, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter died.
19 October 1961 – Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey died.
19 October 1964 – Sergey Biryuzov, Marshal of the Soviet Union died.
19 October 1964 – Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and critic died.
19 October 1964 – Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham died.
19 October 1965 – Edward Willis Redfield, an American painter and educator died.
19 October 1969 – Lacey Hearn, an American sprinter died.
19 October 1970 – Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general and politician, 44th President of Mexico died.
19 October 1978 – Gig Young, an American actor died.
19 October 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Aruban-Grenadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Grenada died.
19 October 1984 – Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest and activist died.
19 October 1985 – Alfred Rouleau, a Canadian businessman died.
19 October 1986 – Dele Giwa, a Nigerian journalist, who co-founded Newswatch Magazine died.
19 October 1986 – Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique died.
19 October 1987 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist and educator died.
19 October 1987 – Hermann Lang, a German race car driver died.
19 October 1988 – Son House, an American singer and guitarist died.
19 October 1992 – Magnus Pyke, English scientist and television host died.
19 October 1994 – Martha Raye, American actress and comedian died.
19 October 1995 – Don Cherry, an American trumpet player died.
19 October 1995 – Harilaos Perpessas, Greek pianist and composer died.
19 October 1996 – Shamsuddin Qasemi, Bangladeshi Islamic scholar and politician died.
19 October 1997 – Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter died.
19 October 1997 – Ken Wood, inventor of the Kenwood Chef food mixer died.
19 October 1999 – James C. Murray, an American soldier, lawyer, and politician died.
19 October 1999 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-French lawyer and author died.
19 October 2002 – Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut died.
19 October 2003 – Road Warrior Hawk, an American wrestler died.
19 October 2003 – Alija Izetbegović, Bosniak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina died.
19 October 2003 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author died.
19 October 2003 – Nello Pagani, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver died.
19 October 2005 – Ryan Dallas Cook, an American trombonist died.
19 October 2006 – James Glennon, an American cinematographer died.
19 October 2006 – Phyllis Kirk, an American actress died.
19 October 2007 – Winifred Asprey, an American mathematician and computer scientist died.
19 October 2007 – Randall Forsberg, American activist and author died.
19 October 2007 – Michael Maidens, an English footballer died.
19 October 2007 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author, sculptor, and painter died.
19 October 2008 – Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic died.
19 October 2009 – Howard Unruh, an American murderer died.
19 October 2009 – Joseph Wiseman, a Canadian-American actor died.
19 October 2010 – Tom Bosley, an American actor died.
19 October 2012 – Lincoln Alexander, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario died.
19 October 2012 – Wissam al-Hassan, Lebanese general died.
19 October 2012 – Wiyogo Atmodarminto, Indonesian general and politician, 10th Governor of Jakarta died.
19 October 2012 – Mike Graham, an American wrestler died.
19 October 2012 – Fiorenzo Magni, an Italian cyclist died.
19 October 2013 – John Bergamo, American drummer and composer died.
19 October 2013 – Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and skier died.
19 October 2013 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer died.
19 October 2013 – Mikihiko Renjō, Japanese author died.
19 October 2013 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer died.
19 October 2014 – John Holt, Jamaican singer-songwriter died.
19 October 2014 – Stephen Paulus, an American composer died.
19 October 2014 – Raphael Ravenscroft, English saxophonist and composer died.
19 October 2014 – Serena Shim, a Lebanese-American journalist died.
19 October 2015 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster died.
19 October 2015 – Fleming Mackell, Canadian ice hockey player and singer died.
19 October 2015 – Ali Treki, Libyan politician and diplomat, and Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs died.
19 October 2016 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, who co-founded Chess Records died.
19 October 2016 – Giovanni Steffè, an Italian rower died.
19 October 2017 – Umberto Lenzi, an Italian film director died.
19 October 2019 – Deborah Orr, a Scottish journalist died.
19 October 2021 – Jack Angel, an American voice actor died.
Notable events on 19 October in Indian and World History
19 October 1649 – New Ross town in Ireland surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
19 October 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The siege of Yorktown comes to an end.
19 October 1789 – John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
19 October 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm.
19 October 1812 – The French invasion of Russia fails when Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow.
19 October 1813 – War of the Sixth Coalition: Napoleon is forced to retreat from Germany after the Battle of Leipzig.
19 October 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Cedar Creek ends the last Confederate threat to Washington, DC.
19 October 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate agents based in Canada rob three banks in Saint Albans, Vermont.
19 October 1866 – In accordance with the Treaty of Vienna, Austria cedes Veneto and Mantua to France, which immediately awards them to Italy in exchange for the earlier Italian acquiescence to the French annexation of Savoy and Nice.
19 October 1900 – Max Planck discovers Planck’s law of black-body radiation.
19 October 1912 – Italo-Turkish War: Italy takes possession of what is now Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
19 October 1914 – World War I: The First Battle of Ypres begins.
19 October 1921 – The Portuguese Prime Minister and several officials are murdered in the Bloody Night coup.
19 October 1922 – British Conservative MPs vote to terminate the coalition government with the Liberal Party.
19 October 1935 – The League of Nations places economic sanctions on Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
19 October 1943 – The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Crete and sunk. Two thousand and ninety-eight Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
19 October 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
19 October 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
19 October 1944 – A coup is launched against Juan Federico Ponce Vaides, beginning the ten-year Guatemalan Revolution.
19 October 1950 – China defeats the Tibetan Army at Chambo.
19 October 1950 – Korean War: The Battle of Pyongyang ends in a United Nations victory. Hours later, the Chinese Army begins crossing the border into Korea.
19 October 1950 – Iran became the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
19 October 1955 – The General Assembly of the European Broadcasting Union approved the staging of the first Eurovision Song Contest.
19 October 1956 – The Soviet Union and Japan signed a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
19 October 1960 – The United States imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
19 October 1973 – President Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
19 October 1974 – Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
19 October 1984 – A Roman Catholic priest, Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the Solidarity Union, is killed by three agents of the Polish Communist internal intelligence agency.
19 October 1986 – The president of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, along with 33 others, die when their aircraft crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
19 October 1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
19 October 1987 – Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
19 October 1988 – The British government imposes a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.
19 October 1989 – The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
19 October 2001 – SIEV X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 migrants, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
19 October 2003 – Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
19 October 2004 – Thirteen people are killed when Corporate Airlines Flight 5966 crashes in Adair County, Missouri, whilst on approach to Kirksville Regional Airport.
19 October 2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
19 October 2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
19 October 2012 – A bomb explosion kills eight people and injures 110 more in Lebanon.
19 October 2013 – One hundred and five people are injured in a train crash in Buenos Aires.
19 October 2019 – Members of Parliament met at the House of Lords to discuss the United Kingdom’s Brexit deal, this was the first Saturday sitting in Parliament since 3 April 1982 during the Falklands War.
Celebration as Day
International Gin and Tonic Day is celebrated on October 19th each year. It is a day dedicated to the popular mixed drink that typically consists of gin, tonic water, ice, and often a slice of lime. Gin and Tonic is enjoyed worldwide and has a refreshing and distinct taste that has made it a beloved classic cocktail. This day is often marked by various events, promotions, and celebrations in bars, restaurants, and among gin enthusiasts. It’s a perfect occasion to enjoy and appreciate this timeless cocktail.
International ShakeOut Day is every third Thursday of October, when most schedule their ShakeOut drills and other earthquake preparedness activities. This annual date was selected back in 2009, when most schools agreed this was the best time. In 2023, International ShakeOut Day is October 19.