Discover the Incredible Art of Nek Chand

OV Digital Desk

Nek Chand (15 December 1924 – 12 June 2015), was a self-taught Indian artist. He is best known for building the Rock Garden of Chandigarh, an eighteen-acre sculpture garden in the city of Chandigarh, India.

Early Life and Education

Nek Chand, the visionary creator of the Rock Garden of Chandigarh, was born on December 15, 1924, in the village of Berian Kalan, located in the Shakargarh Tehsil of what was then British India and is now part of Pakistan. His early life was marked by the tumultuous period of the Partition of India in 1947, which forced his Hindu family to relocate to the newly independent nation of India. Settling in the city of Chandigarh in 1955, Nek Chand found employment as a roads inspector for the Public Works Department. This position would later provide him with the materials and inspiration to start his remarkable creation, the Rock Garden. Despite his lack of formal training in art or architecture, Nek Chand’s innate talent and vision led him to build one of the most unique and celebrated art environments in the world, using recycled and found materials.

Career and Achievements

Nek Chand, a self-taught Indian artist, left an indelible mark on the world with his visionary creation, the Rock Garden of Chandigarh. Chand’s journey as an artist began amidst the backdrop of the partition of India. Settling in Chandigarh in 1955, he found employment as a roads inspector but was driven by a profound artistic impulse. In 1958, Chand embarked on an extraordinary project, clandestinely building a garden from industrial and home waste and thrown-away items. His creation, discovered by authorities in 1972, spanned 12 acres and comprised thousands of sculptures, leading to an outpouring of public support that saved it from demolition. Chand’s work earned him national and international acclaim, including the prestigious Padma Shri award in 1984, one of India’s highest civilian honors, for his distinguished service in the arts. His Rock Garden, a testament to his creativity and dedication, continues to be a source of inspiration and wonder for visitors from around the world.

Notable Events and Milestones

Nek Chand was a visionary artist whose life and work left an indelible mark on society and culture. His journey began with the partition of India in 1947, which forced his family to relocate to the newly formed city of Chandigarh, India. Here, Chand found employment as a road inspector, a role that would serendipitously lead to his greatest legacy. Amidst the industrial clamor of a city under construction, Chand envisioned a sanctuary of tranquility and creativity. He began collecting materials – rocks from the Shivalik foothills, recyclables from demolished villages, and discarded items from urban life. With these, he secretly started building the Rock Garden of Chandigarh in 1965, an illegal endeavor at the time due to its location on protected land.

Chand’s creation was a marvel of folk art, sprawling over acres with thousands of sculptures, each telling a story of resilience and imagination. His work was a poignant commentary on recycling and sustainability, transforming waste into wonder. The garden was discovered by authorities in 1972, but instead of demolishing it, they recognized its value. Chand was given a salary and a team to expand his vision, which opened to the public in 1976. The Rock Garden became a symbol of ingenuity and a testament to Chand’s belief in the transformative power of art. Nek Chand’s impact extends beyond the boundaries of his garden. He inspired a movement of sustainable art and highlighted the potential of using recycled materials. His work challenged societal norms and bureaucratic constraints, showcasing the profound impact one individual can have on the world. The Rock Garden stands as a cultural landmark, attracting millions of visitors and serving as a beacon of creativity and environmental consciousness.

Read More: 14 December: Remembering B. K. S. Iyengar on his Birth Anniversary

Chand’s legacy is also reflected in the numerous accolades he received, including the Padma Shri in 1984, one of India’s highest civilian honors. His story is a testament to the human spirit’s capacity for creativity and transformation. Nek Chand passed away on June 12, 2015, but his legacy lives on, inspiring artists and environmentalists alike. His life’s work continues to resonate, a reminder of the beauty that can arise from the most humble beginnings and the most unlikely materials.

Awards and Honors

  • Padma Shri by the Government of India (1984)
  • Featured on an Indian postage stamp (1983)
  • Grand Medal of Vermeil from the city of Paris (1980)
  • Gold Medal of the All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society
  • Special Award of the Punjab Lalit Kala Akademi

Additional Resources


  1. “The Boy Who Built a Secret Garden: Nek Chand” by Lavanya Karthik, a biography for young readers that introduces them to Nek Chand’s inspiring journey.
  2. “Rock by Rock: The Fantastical Garden of Nek Chand” by Jennifer Bradbury, a picture book that tells the true story of artist Nek Chand and his secret art project.
  3. “Nek Chand’s outsider art: the rock garden of Chandigarh” by Lucienne Peiry, John Maizels, Philippe Lespinasse, a detailed look at Nek Chand’s work published by Flammarion.


  1. “Seven Wonders of India: Nek Chand’s rock garden” aired in December 2008, which showcases the artistic vision behind the Rock Garden of Chandigarh.
  2. “Nek Chand | The Rock Garden Chandigarh | SDG Plus”, a short video by Swiss Learning Exchange that highlights Nek Chand’s contribution to sustainable art in India.


  1. The Rag Dolls Museum, located within the Rock Garden of Chandigarh, features dolls made from cloth scraps collected by Nek Chand.
  2. Exhibitions of Chand’s statues can be found in museums across the world, including the American Folk Art Museum in New York City and the Collection de l’art brut in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Read Also: 14 December: Remembering Raj Kapoor on his Birth Anniversary