10 January in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

10 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 10 January is the birth anniversary of Padmanarayan Rai, Gurdial Singh, Kattassery Joseph Yesudas, and Hrithik Roshan.

10 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Sampurnanand and Fearless Nadia.

Birth Anniversary on 10 January

10 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Padmanarayan Rai (10 January 1908 – 31 January 1968), was a Hindi essayist and litterateur. He was the editor of ‘Nagri Pracharini Patrika’ for a long time. He was born on 10 January 1908 in Narsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh.

Gurdial Singh, a famous Punjabi litterateur. He was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1999. He is the second Punjabi litterateur after Amrita Pritam to be given the Jnanpith Award. Gurdial Singh is a famous story writer of the Punjabi language who speaks of the common man. Like many famous writers, Gurdial Singh’s achievement as a novelist can also be seen in the context of his early life experiences. He was born on 10 January 1933.

Kattassery Joseph Yesudas is a famous classical and film playback singer of ‘Karnataka music’. His melodious voice leaves a deep impression on the listeners. Apart from Hindi, Yesudas has also lent his melodious voice to songs in Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya, Marathi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Russian and Arabic languages. He started his career in the year 1961. Songs were sung by him like ‘Gori Tera Gaon Bada Pyara’, ‘Surmai Akhiyon Mein’, ‘Dil Ke Tukde-Tukde Karke’, ‘Janeman-Jaaneman Tere Do Nayan’, ‘Chand Jaise Mukhde Pe’ went on everyone’s tongue. He also made several successful films in South Indian languages, such as ‘Vadakkum Natham’, ‘Madhuchandralekha’, and ‘Pattanathil Sundaran’. He is the only singer in the country to have received seven National Awards in the field of Best Vocal. He was born on 10 January 1940 in Cochin, Kerala.

Hrithik Roshan, an Indian actor who works in Hindi films is known for his dancing abilities, has portrayed a variety of characters. Among India’s highest-paid actors, he has won many awards, including six Filmfare’s, four for Best Actor, and one each for Best Debut and Best Actor (Critics). He appeared several times in Forbes India’s Celebrity 100 based on his income and popularity beginning in 2012. He was born on 10 January 1974.

Read More: 9 January in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 10 January 

10 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Sampurnanand (1 January 1889 – 10 January 1969), was a famous freedom fighter and politician, who was also the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and the Governor of Rajasthan. He was a skilled and fearless politician and a writer and teacher with all-around talent. He had deep penetration in history, mythology, philosophy, politics, sociology, etc. He also had a great interest in spiritual subjects. He was a person of socialist ideas and in 1934 he was also a major hand along with Acharya Narendra Dev in the formation of the ‘Samajwadi Party’ within the Congress. He died on 10 January 1969.

Fearless Nadia (8 January 1908 – 10 January 1996), one of the most famous actresses of Indian cinema. Not only in Hindi, in the history of cinema of any Indian language, but they also have never been another heroine of such a Dabang, fearless, brave, stuntbaaz, Tarzan, or Robinhood style. Nadia gave such a lively performance in the thirties and forties of Hindustani cinema as a daring and courageous actress that she demolished many beliefs of traditional Indian society. Nadia was a huge star in her time. She gave many hit films on his own but could not get the respect that she deserved. She died on 10 January 1996.

Read More: 8 January in Indian and World History

Notable events on 10 January in Indian and World History

9 January 1616 – British Ambassador Sir Thomas Roe met Jahangir at Ajmer.

9 January 1623 – The world’s first newspaper, the Gazette, was published in Venice, Italy.

10 January 1797 – Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, a 19th-century German poet, novelist, and journalist, was born.

9 January 1824 – British chemist Joseph Aspeedian invented cement.

9 January 1836 – Professor Madhusudan Gupta studied the internal structure of the human body for the first time.

9 January 1863 – The world’s first underground train service started in London.

9 January 1912 – The British monarch George V and Queen Mary left India.

9 January 1916 – Russia defeated the Ottoman Empire during World War I.

9 January 1946 – Representatives of 51 nations attended the first meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in London.

9 January 1954 – The world’s first British-built jet plane, Comet, crashed in the Mediterranean killing all 35 people on board.

9 January 1963 – The Government of India introduced the Gold Control Scheme. Under which jewelry above 14 carats was banned.

9 January 1963 – Two people from Switzerland named Titus and Solwell were successful in making electronic clocks.

9 January 1972 – After spending more than nine months in prison in Pakistan, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman arrived in Bangladesh to become an independent nation as president.

9 January 1996 – Shah Hussein of Jordan arrived in Tel Aviv, the country’s largest city, on his first public visit.

9 January 2006 – Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced to celebrate 10 January every year as World Hindi Day.

9 January 2008 – The leading automobile company ‘Tata Motors’ introduced the one lakh rupees car ‘Nano’.

9 January 2009 – Ashok Kajaria took over as Senior Vice President of PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

10 January is Observed as World Hindi Day. It is celebrated to commemorate the First World Hindi Conference.

10 January: World Hindi Day

10 January Historical Significance

January 10 has seen several significant events throughout history. On this day in 1776, Thomas Paine published “Common Sense,” a pamphlet advocating for American independence from British rule, which played a crucial role in shaping public opinion during the American Revolution. In 1863, the world’s first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway, opened in London, marking a milestone in urban transportation. Additionally, on January 10, 1920, the League of Nations was established, aiming to promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts after World War I. These events underscore the day’s importance in political, social, and technological advancements.

Important Days of 10 January in History

World Hindi Day: This day is celebrated to promote the Hindi language worldwide. It marks the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference held in 1975.

National Cut Your Energy Costs Day: This day encourages people to find ways to reduce energy consumption and lower their energy bills.

Houseplant Appreciation Day: A day dedicated to recognizing the importance of houseplants in purifying air, adding beauty to indoor spaces, and promoting mental well-being.

Peculiar People Day: A fun and lighthearted day to celebrate the unique and peculiar individuals in our lives.