10 August in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons.10 August is the birth anniversary of Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Varahagiri Venkata, Prem Adib, and Phoolan Devi.
10 August is also observed as the death anniversary of Shyamlal Gupta ‘Parshad’, and Harishankar Parsai.
10 August in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (10 August 1860 – 19 September 1936) was a scholar of ‘Hindustani classical music in India. He is regarded with great respect as the greatest modern master of classical music. Bhatkhande, a truly selfless and dedicated music seeker, made the first modern attempt to systematically, classify and standardize Hindustani classical music in a scientific manner. His musical journey began in 1904, from which he travelled to hundreds of places in India and searched for music-related literature. He listened to the music of great singers and Music prepared their vocal scripts and got published a book titled ‘Hindustani Sangeet Pratiksha Sakthi Pustak-Malika’, which has six parts. The proposal to establish an ‘All India Music Academy’ was also accepted. The important musical speeches of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande Ji at this music conference have been published in English in the form of a book named ‘A Short Historical Survey of the Music of Upper India’. He was Born on 10 August 1860 in Mumbai India.
Varahagiri Venkata Giri (10 August 1894 – 23 June 1980), the fourth President of India. V.V. Giri, who was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’, Acting President of India (Term – May 3, 1969 – July 20, 1969) Additional Vice President (Term – May 13, 1967 – May 3, 1969), Governor of Uttar Pradesh Tenure – June 10, 1956 – June 30, 1960), Governor of Kerala (tenure – July 1, 1960 – April 2, 1965) and Governor of Karnataka (tenure – April 2, 1965 – May 13, 1967). After returning to India in 1916, VV Giri became a part of the ongoing movement of workers and workers. Although his political journey began while studying in Ireland, he became active for full independence by becoming a part of the ‘Indian Freedom Struggle’. V. V. Giri was also the President of the ‘All India Railway Employees Union’ and ‘All India Trade Union’ (Congress). In 1934, he was also appointed a member of the Imperial Assembly. Varahagiri Venkatagiri was awarded the country’s highest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’ for his outstanding contribution to the upliftment of workers and the freedom struggle of the country. He was Born on 10 August 1894 in Odisha India.
Prem Adib (10 August 1916 – 25 December 1959) was an Indian film actor. Prem Adib is best remembered for his role as Ram. Sita became seen in the role of Ram on-screen with Shobhana Samarth. The heart-touching acting not only earned him a special place in the film world but also immortalized him forever. Prem Adeeb in 1943 under the banner of ‘Prakash Pictures’, this religious film was produced-director Vijay Bhatt, lyricist Ramesh Gupta and music composer was Shankar Rao Vyas. Whose name is still fresh in the minds of film lovers of that era. Actor Prem Adeeb, who began his career in social films in the mid-1930s, became a popular name for religious films in the 1940s. He was Born on 10 August 1916 in Sultanpur Mumbai.
Phoolan Devi (10 August 1963 – 25 July 2001) was an Indian politician who turned rebel MP. She was born in a lower class in a small village of Gorham in Uttar Pradesh to a mallah in Purva. Phoolan was locked up in a room in a house in Behmai village. She was beaten, raped, and humiliated by several men over a period of three weeks. They made him walk around the village naked. She managed to escape from this three-week imprisonment. After being in jail for eleven years without trial, Phoolan was released in 1994 by the Mulayam Singh Yadav government. This happened at a time when Dalit people were rallying in support of Phoolan and Phoolan was seen as a symbol of this community. Phoolan converted to Buddhism upon his release. Shekhar Kapur based the life of Phoolan Devi based on Mala Sen’s 1993 book India’s Bandit Queen: The True Story of Phoolan Devi, from her 1983 surrender. Although Phoolan Devi is the heroine in the film, she disputed its accuracy and struggled to get it banned in India. In 1996, Phoolan won the (Lok Sabha) election from the Mirzapur seat in Uttar Pradesh and reached the Parliament. Phoolan was murdered on 25 July 2001 at his residence in Delhi. In her family, only her husband Umaid Singh is there. She was Born on 10 August 1963 in Utter Pradesh.
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10 August in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Shyamlal Gupta ‘Parshad’ (16 September 1893 – 10 August 1977) was a fighter, journalist, social worker, and teacher of the Indian freedom struggle. Shyamlal Gupta ‘Parshad’ was the author of the flag song ‘Vijay Vishwa Tiranga Pyara’, the catalyst during the Indian freedom struggle. In the year 1921, Ganesh Shankar came in contact with Vidyarthi and participated in the national independence movement. You wrote a satirical work for which the then English government fined you 500 rupees. He composed the flag anthem in the year 1924, which was sung in public for the first time in 1925 during the flag hoisting at the Congress convention in Kanpur. You actively contributed to the social recognition of widow marriage. Councilorji edited the Vaish magazine throughout his life. Ramcharitmanas was his favorite book. He was also the best ‘manas penetrating’ and eminent Ramayana. His discourse on Ramayana was well known. He narrated the entire Ramkatha to the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad in Rashtrapati Bhavan. Independent India honored him and in 1952 he sang his famous ‘Jhanda Geet’ from the Red Fort. He was felicitated in the Red Fort in 1972. He died on 10 August 1977.
Harishankar Parsai (22 August 1922 – 10 August 1995), a famous Hindi writer and satirist. He was the first Hindi writer, who gave satire the status of a genre and brought it out of the traditional purview of light-hearted entertainment and linked it to the wider questions of society. His satirical works not only create tickle in our minds but also put us face to face with those social realities, Harishankar Parsai’s first work is “Swarg Se Narak Jahan Tak”, which was published in Prahari in May 1948, in which he wrote fiercely against religious hypocrisy and superstition for the first time. Religious hollow hypocrisy was the first favourite subject of his writings. By the way, Harishankar Parsai was more influenced by Karl Marx. Among the major works of Parsai Ji, “The Talisman of Virtue” was one of the famous works in which he has prominently carved the psychology of giving bribes. He was Born on 10 August 1905.
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Notable events on 10 August in Indian and World History
10 August 1929 – Aletta Jacobs, a Dutch physician and women’s suffrage activist, died.
10 August 1966 – US space officials sent the first spacecraft from Cape Kennedy to photograph a suitable location for a rocket launch into space. Which crashed on the Moon on 29 October and was destroyed.
10 August 1979 – Satellite SLV-3 was launched on this day.
10 August 1990 – The Magellan spacecraft reached Venus after a fifteen-month journey. Before landing on Venus, it had lost contact with its operations center in California for some time.
10 August 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike’s resignation as Prime Minister in Sri Lanka R. Wickremanayake was appointed as the new Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, organizing the International Conference on the Right to Self-Determination in Geneva.
10 August 2008 – In the meeting of the all-party delegation to settle the Amarnath land, it was agreed to implement the order of the High Court in the year 2005. The anti-AIDS vaccine was successfully tested in a lab in Chennai.
10 August 2010 – India successfully test-fired the satellite positioning system-based aircraft operating system GAGAN.
World Biofuel Day is observed every year on 10 August. It aims to raise awareness about the use of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels.