21 June is observed as World Hydrography Day. It is celebrated every year to publicise the work and efforts of hydrographers and the importance of hydrography.
Theme of World Hydrography Day 2022
21 June is observed as World Hydrography Day. The theme of World Hydrography Day 2022 is “Hydrography – contributing to the United Nations Ocean Decade.” The goal is to highlight how hydrography as an applied science supports the sustainable use of the oceans.
The theme World Hydrography Day 2021 was “100 years of international cooperation in hydrography.“
Quick facts about hydrography
Hydrography is the science that measures and describes the physical features of the navigable portion of the Earth’s surface and adjoining coastal areas. Here are quick facts about sea.
- Hydrographers measure water depth, and search for shoals, rocks, & wrecks that could be hazards to navigation.
- The average ocean depth is 3.7 kilometers (2.3 miles).
- As far as we know, the ocean is 36,200 feet (11,000 m or almost 7 miles) deep at its deepest point. On average, the ocean is about 12,100 feet (3,688 m) deep.
- Animals living in the bathypelagic zone or deeper never see sunlight. Some organisms living there, such as vampire squid and humpback anglerfish, produce their own light. More than 99 percent of Earth’s inhabitable space is in the open ocean.
- The ocean produces more than 50 percent of the air we breathe.
- Humans have only explored 5 percent of the world’s oceans. However, it is believed that humans have impacted every part of the ocean with waste and chemical pollution.
History of World Hydrography Day
The International Hydrographic Bureau was established in 1921 for the purpose of providing a mechanism for consultation between governments on such matters as technical standards, safe navigation and the protection of the marine environment. In 1970 the name was changed to the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO). The IHO is actively engaged in developing standards and interoperability, particularly in relation to the challenges brought about by digital technologies.
In 2005 the IHO adopted the concept of a World Hydrography Day, which was “welcomed” by the United Nations General Assembly in Resolution A/RES/60/30 Oceans and the law of the sea. The date chosen for World Hydrography Day is the anniversary of the founding of the International Hydrographic Organization.
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