Farid al-Atrash: The Virtuoso of Arab Music

Saurav Singh
3 Min Read
Farid al-Atrash

Farid al-Atrash (19 October 1910 – 26 December 1974) a legendary figure in the world of Arab music. His life journey as a virtuoso instrumentalist, composer, and singer left an indelible mark on the music landscape of the Middle East. This biography delves into the remarkable life and enduring legacy of Farid al-Atrash.

Early Life

Farid al-Atrash was the eldest child of Fahd al-Atrash, a Druze leader, making him part of a prominent and influential family. His early life was marked by exposure to a rich musical and cultural environment, as well as the Druze heritage, which significantly influenced his music.


Farid’s musical journey began at a young age, where he displayed an innate talent for playing the ‘oud, a traditional Arabic lute-like instrument. His instrumental prowess earned him the title of “King of the ‘Oud.” He further honed his skills by studying music theory, composition, and voice with renowned musicians of the time.

Farid’s musical career spanned over four decades, during which he composed an extensive and diverse repertoire of songs. He was a highly influential figure in Arab music, not only for his exceptional ‘oud playing but also for his melodious singing. His voice was described as haunting and soul-stirring, capturing the emotions of love, longing, and nostalgia. Some of his most famous songs include “Awal Hamsa,” “Ya Reyt,” and “Zay el Hawa.”



Farid al-Atrash’s legacy extends far beyond his lifetime. He became a cultural icon and a symbol of Arab musical excellence. His music remains cherished by generations, and his compositions continue to inspire contemporary artists. His innovative approach to blending traditional and Western musical elements laid the groundwork for future developments in Arabic music.

The enchanting melodies and poetic lyrics of Farid al-Atrash’s songs are still beloved throughout the Arab world and resonate with audiences globally. His enduring impact on music and his contributions to preserving and promoting Arab musical traditions cement his legacy as one of the greatest musicians in the Arab world.

Farid al-Atrash’s life and music serve as a testament to the unifying power of art and the ability to transcend boundaries through the universal language of melody and song.


On 19 October 2020, a Google Doodle was created to celebrate Farid al-Atrash’s 110th Birthday.

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