Decarbonization of the Transport Sector

OV Digital Desk
4 Min Read
Decarbonization of the Transport Sector

Representational Image of Electric vehicle Charging

To promote eco-friendly means of transportation and decarbonize the transport sector, the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has notified mass emission standards to introduce alternate fuels viz. blends of ethanol with gasoline ( E-10, E-12, E-15, E-20), flex-fuel (E 85), or (E 100) and Ethanol blend for diesel vehicles (ED 95), Biodiesel, Bio-CNG, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Methanol M15 or M100 and Methanol MD 95,  dual fuel, M85 and Dimethyl Ether (DME or D100), Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle, Hydrogen CNG.

Further, the steps taken by the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways to adopt electric mobility in the country are as under:-

  1. For the promotion of electric vehicles, the Government has notified GSR 167(E) dated 1 March 2019 for retro-fitment of hybrid electric systems or electric kits to vehicles and their compliance standards shall be as per AIS 123.
  1. Government vide G.S.R 749(E) dated 7th August 2018, has notified the registration mark for Battery Operated Vehicles to be in Yellow color on Green background for the transport vehicles and, for all other cases, in White color on Green background.
  1. Further, the Government, vide S.O. 5333(E) dated 18th  October 2018, has also granted an exemption to the Battery Operated Transport Vehicles and Transport Vehicles running on Ethanol and Methanol fuels from the requirements of the permit.
  1. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways,  vide GSR 525(E) dated 2nd August 2021 has exempted Battery Operated Vehicles from the payment of fees for the purpose of issue or renewal of registration certificate and assignment of the new registration mark.
  1. Ministry has issued an advisory dated 17th July 2019 to all States and Union Territories regarding the incentivization of electric vehicles and the induction of electric vehicles in shared mobility and public transport operations.
  1. The Government has issued an advisory dated 12 August 2020 to all States and UTs regarding the sale and registration of Electric Vehicles without batteries.
  1. The Government has issued an advisory dated 16th June 2021 to all States and UTs regarding the promotion of battery-operated vehicles.

As per the third Biennial Update Report submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in February 2021, the total greenhouse gas (GHGs) emission from the transport sector in 2016 was 274.43 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, which is 9.67% of the total GHG emissions (without LULUCF i.e. Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry) of India. Further, the Government has taken various measures to curtail the CO2 emissions which are mentioned in part (a) of the reply.

This information was given by Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

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