Celebrating Monaco National Day

Saurav Singh

Monaco National Day is a significant event in the heart of Europe, where the Monegasque people come together to celebrate their identity and unity. This day, marked by joyous festivities and a deep sense of national pride, is an embodiment of Monaco’s rich cultural heritage and its enduring spirit. The streets come alive with vibrant colors and the air fills with the sounds of music and celebration, as the people of Monaco honor their traditions and the reign of their sovereign. It’s a day that captures the unique essence of this small but grand principality, showcasing its beauty, history, and the warm-heartedness of its citizens. Monaco National Day is not just a public holiday; it’s a reflection of the country’s soul and its unwavering commitment to community and solidarity.


Monaco, officially known as the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. Here’s a detailed overview of its history:

Prehistoric Period The earliest evidence of human civilization in Monaco dates back to 5000 BCE. Ksar Akil, 10 kilometres northeast of Beirut, is a large rock shelter where excavations have shown occupational deposits reaching down to a depth of 23.6 metres. It is believed to be one of the earliest known sites containing Upper Paleolithic technologies.

Ancient Period In the 6th century BC, a Ligurian tribe named Monoikos occupied ‘the Rock,’ which is probably the origin of the name “Monaco”. During its history, the place saw Roman and Barbarian invasions ravaging the region. But the history of Monaco as a ruled territory began in 1297, when Genovese Francesco Grimaldi “the Cunning” captured the Rock of Monaco.

Medieval Period Monaco has been a possession of the Grimaldi family since the 11th century. It became an independent Principality within the Holy Roman Empire in the 13th century. In 1604 it came under the protection of Spain and in 1641 of France. It was annexed to France by Napoleon 1793-1814, and then came under the protection of Sardinia 1815-1860.

Modern Period In 1924, Monaco became a constitutional monarchy1. It was part of France, but in 1215, it became a colony of Genoa through a land grant from Emperor Henry VI. The Grimaldi family settled in Monaco in 1297 and ancestors of the family have controlled the principality for over 715 years now5. In 1419, the Grimaldi family acquired Monaco from the French ruling family of Aragon.


Monaco National Day, known as La Fête du Prince, is a significant celebration held on November 19th, commemorating the official ascension of Prince Albert II to the throne. The tradition of selecting a date for the national day goes back to the reign of Prince Charles III, who in 1857 chose November 4th, the feast day of his patron saint, to mark the first “Sovereign’s Day”. This day was significant as it symbolized the modernization and independence of Monaco, complete with a national flag and diplomatic representation abroad. Over the years, the date has shifted according to the reigning Prince’s patron saint’s day until Prince Rainier III established November 19th as the fixed date to honor Saint Rainier. The celebrations are marked by a sense of pride and patriotism, with fireworks, a mass in the St. Nicholas Cathedral, and the display of the Monegasque flag. It’s a day when the people of Monaco, along with the Princely Family, celebrate their identity and the history of their nation.


Monaco National Day, celebrated on November 19th, is a significant cultural event in the Principality of Monaco, reflecting its rich history and the pride of its people. Traditionally, the date of National Day was chosen by the reigning Prince, often aligning with the feast day of their patron saint. However, Prince Albert II continued the date set by his father, Prince Rainier III, which also marks the day of his official ascension to the throne. The day is marked by a series of festive events, including a mass at St. Nicholas Cathedral, medal ceremonies, and public appearances by the Princely Family, reinforcing the bond between the Monégasque people and their sovereign. The celebrations are a blend of solemnity and festivity, with fireworks, music, and the display of the Monegasque flag, symbolizing national unity and continuity. Monaco’s National Day is not just a public holiday; it is a day that encapsulates the spirit of this sovereign city-state, its traditions, and its commitment to the future.


Monaco National Day, known as La Fête du Prince, is a significant event celebrated on 19 November each year. This day is marked by a series of festive and patriotic events, including a mass in the St. Nicholas Cathedral, followed by various ceremonies attended by the Princely Family and state officials. The evening before the National Day, residents and visitors are treated to a spectacular fireworks display over the harbor, symbolizing the grandeur and history of this small yet illustrious principality.


  • Monaco National Day, celebrated on November 19th, is a vibrant and joyous occasion for residents and visitors alike.
  • The day is marked with a variety of festivities including concerts, parades, and a spectacular drone light show.
  • A special mass with the royals is a highlight, offering a glimpse into the principality’s traditions.
  • Children enjoy dedicated events and activities on National Children’s Day, which is part of the celebrations.
  • The streets come alive with the national colors, as red and white flags adorn balconies and public spaces.
  • Fireworks over the harbor create a stunning display, concluding the celebrations with a bang.


Here are some interesting facts about MONACO NATIONAL DAY:

  • Monaco National Day is celebrated annually on November 19th, marking the day of Saint Rainier, in honor of Prince Rainier III who decreed this date for the celebration.
  • The date of Monaco’s National Day can be chosen by the reigning Prince and was originally set to the feast day of the Prince’s patron saint.
  • The tradition of celebrating a national day in Monaco began with Prince Charles III in 1857, who declared November 4th as the first “Sovereign’s Day” to coincide with the feast day of his patron saint.
  • The festivities include a Te Deum service at Saint Nicholas Cathedral, a tradition that dates back to the first National Day celebration and continues to this day.
  • A military parade takes place on the Place du Palais, featuring the Compagnie des Gardes du Prince and the Prince’s Carabinieri, adding to the grandeur of the celebrations.
  • Fireworks over the harbor and a mass in the cathedral are typical celebrations, with the Princely Family of Monaco making public appearances during the events.
  • The day is also an opportunity for the people of Monaco to display the Monegasque flag and express their patriotism.
  • National Day in Monaco is not just a celebration of the ruling family but also a reflection of the country’s independence and cultural identity.
  • The birth of Prince Albert II’s children was celebrated with similar enthusiasm as the National Day, highlighting the importance of the Princely Family in these national festivities.


Year Date Day
2024 November 19 Tuesday
2025 November 19 Wednesday
2026 November 19 Thursday
2027 November 19 Friday
2028 November 19 Sunday