5 December in Indian and World History
5 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 5 December is the birth anniversary of Bhai Vir Singh, H. C. Dasappa, Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, and Farhat Ezekiel Nadira.
5 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Subbier Subramania Iyer, Amrita Sher-Gil, and Aurobindo Ghosh.
5 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Bhai Vir Singh (5 December 1872 – 10 June 1957), a poet famous as the creator of modern Punjabi poetry and prose. He laid the foundation of ‘Khalsa Tract Society’ in 1894. Then came out weekly ‘Khalsa Samachar’. Bhai Vir Singh was awarded the ‘Padma Bhushan’ by the Government of India. He was born on 5 December 1872 in Amritsar, Punjab.
H.C. Dasappa (5 December 1894 – 20 October 1964), an equal contribution in the ‘Indian Freedom Struggle’ and in the country’s new construction. He was a member of the Mysore Assembly from 1927 to 1938. After India’s independence, he was also the Minister of Finance and Industry in the Mysore Cabinet. Dasappa had great reverence for Gandhiji’s creative works. He was born on 5 December 1894 in Mysore.
Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah (5 December 1905 – 8 September 1982), an Indian politician who played a central role in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir. Sheikh Abdullah, popularly known as ‘Sher-e-Kashmir’, was the founder of the National Conference and three times the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir (Prime Minister in the first term, when the head of state was named ‘Wazir-e-Azam’ and the constitutional head was called ‘Sadar-e-Riyasat’). He was followed by his son Farooq Abdullah thrice and his grandson Umar Abdullah once as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. It can be said that the Abdullah family holds the status of the first family in the politics of Jammu and Kashmir and Sheikh Abdullah was its first man. Sheikh Abdullah was posthumously awarded the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ (Urdu) in 1988 for his autobiography ‘Atishe-Chinar’. He was born on 5 December 1905 in Jammu and Kashmir.
Farhat Ezekiel Nadira (5 December 1932 – 9 February 2006), one of the famous and beautiful actresses of Hindi films. Nadira was seen full of confidence on the film screen. She was completely absorbed in her character. Nadira, who left a mark of her unmatched acting in more than sixty films, used to become not only instrumental but also distinguished in the films of many artists like Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor, Meena Kumari, Rajkumar, and Amitabh Bachchan. Despite having amazing beauty and a royal personality, she preferred to be a villain in that era, whereas other heroines were scared to do such roles. She was born on 5 December 1932.
Read More: 4 December in Indian and World History
5 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Subbier Subramania Iyer (1 October 1842 – 5 December 1924), counted among the prominent leaders of South India of his time. As a member of the regional council, as a lawyer, as a judge, as a congressman, as an educationist, and as a social worker, he was engaged in public life for about 30 years. He died on 5 December 1924.
Amrita Sher-Gil (30 January 1913 – 5 December 1941), one of the most beautiful painters. Amrita Shergill painted a new picture of India on canvas. Regarding her paintings, Amrita said – ‘I have given a new look to the soul of India’. This change is not only about the subject, but also technical. Amrita had composed such realistic paintings, which were discussed all over the world. She died on 5 December 1941.
Aurobindo Ghosh (15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950), the original name is Aurobindo Ghosh but is also known as Aurobindo. There have been many great revolutionaries and yogis in India in modern times, Aurobindo Ghosh is unique among them. Aurobindo Ghosh was a poet and Indian nationalist who propounded the philosophy of universal salvation through spiritual development. He died on 5 December 1950 in Pondicherry.
Read More: 3 December in Indian and World History
Notable events on 5 December in Indian and World History
5 December 1686 – Nicolas Steno, known as the father of stratigraphy and geology, died.
5 December 1812 – Napoleon Bonaparte returned to France after suffering heavy defeats and losses in Russia.
5 December 1917 – Formation of the new revolutionary government in Russia and ceasefire between Russo-Germany.
5 December 1917 – At least 15 hundred people died in a horrific collision of two ships in Canada.
5 December 1922 – The Irish Independent States Constitution Act was approved by the British Parliament.
5 December 1943 – A Japanese airplane dropped a bomb on Kolkata.
5 December 1950 – Sikkim became a protectorate of India.
5 December 1955 – The STD service, which took long-distance telephone calls to every household, came into existence on this day.
5 December 1960 – The African country of Ghana ended diplomatic relations with Belgium.
5 December 1971 – India recognized Bangladesh as a country.
5 December 1973 – Gerald Ford was sworn in as the Vice President of the United States.
5 December 1990 – Controversial writer Salman Rushdie made his first public appearance after a gap of two years.
5 December 1993 – Mulayam Singh Yadav again became the Chief Minister of (Uttar Pradesh).
5 December 1999 – Russia announced a temporary military deployment in Chechnya.
5 December 1999 – Indian beauty Yukta Mukhi was elected ‘Miss World’.
5 December 2003 – Ireland’s Rosanna Davison won the world beauty pageant held for the first time in China.
5 December 2003 – A suicide attack on a train in Chechnya killed 42 people and injured 160. The four-day conference of Heads of Government of Commonwealth countries begins in Abuja.
5 December 2005 – A new law made recognized the establishment of a legal relationship between a gay man (go) and a lesbian woman (lesbian) in Britain.
5 December 2008 – Russian President Dmitry May Devdev proposed to jointly develop next-generation nuclear engineering with India.
5 December 2008 – Congress announced the appointment of Ashok Chavan as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
5 December 2013 – 52 people were killed in a terrorist attack on the Defense Ministry compound in Yemen’s capital army.
5 December is observed as International Volunteer Day. It is celebrated to provide a chance for volunteers and organizations to celebrate their efforts, and values and promote their work among their communities. The theme for International Volunteer Day 2022 is “Solidarity through volunteering”.