3 February in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk
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3 February in Indian and World History

3 February in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 3 February is the birth anniversary of Ram Singh Kuka, Suhasini Ganguly, and Raghuram Rajan.

3 February is also observed as the death anniversary of Kanjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai, Radhakrishna, and Dr. Balram Jakhar.

Birth Anniversary

3 February in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Ram Singh Kuka (3 February 1816 – 18 January 1872), an Indian philosopher, freedom fighter, and reformer who used boycotts of British products and services to fight for freedom. He was born on 3 February 1816.

Suhasini Ganguly (3 February 1909 – 23 March 1965), an Indian freedom fighter. The independence of India was the biggest dream of his life, in which he devoted his whole life to fulfilling it. A street in Kolkata has been named ‘Suhasini Ganguly Sarni’ to honor her sacrificing life and adventure. Rachna Bhola Yamini has described her life character in her book ‘Revolutionary Women of Freedom Struggle’. She was born on 3 February 1909.

Raghuram Rajan, a former (23rd) governor of the Reserve Bank of India. Raghuram Rajan, one of the top ten economists of the world, took over as the governor after Dr. D. Subbarao. Along with handling the falling rupee on Raghuram Rajan, the biggest challenge was to bring the country’s economy back on track. He was born on 3 February 1964 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

Read More: 2 February in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

3 February in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Kanjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai (15 September 1909 – 3 February 1969), a very important influence in Tamil Nadu politics. He was addressed as ‘Anna’ meaning ‘elder brother’. C. N. Annadurai was a popular leader of Tamil Nadu, the first non-Congress Chief Minister of India, and the founder of the ‘Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam’ party. The story of modern Tamil Nadu is associated with Annadurai, with tobacco-hewn teeth, a stubby beard, and a breathtakingly dry voice. He died on 3 February 1969 in Madras.

Radhakrishna (8 September 1910 – 3 February 1979), a famous Hindi story writer born in Bihar. Although he started writing with a story, but later he wrote novels, memoirs, satire, drama, singles, and also wrote for children with a lot of heart. That is, there is no such genre of literature in which Radhakrishna’s pen has not worked. He died on 3 February 1979.

Dr. Balram Jakhar (23 August 1923 – 3 February 2016) an Indian politician, who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was also the longest-serving Speaker of the Lok Sabha. He died on 3 February 2016.

Read More: 1 February in Indian and World History

Notable events on 3 February in Indian and World History

3 February 1503 – The Battle of Diu between the Portuguese and the Osmans took place in Diu (now a union territory) in India.

3 February 1760 – The Maratha army under the leadership of Sadashiv Rao Bhau badly defeated the Nizam in the Battle of Udgir.

3 February 1815 – The world’s first cheese production factory was opened in Switzerland.

3 February 1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, a British physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, was born.

3 February 1909 – Payom Sinawat, a Thai textile artist, was born.

3 February 1915 – During the First World War, the Suez Canal was attacked by the combined forces of Germany and the Ottoman regime.

3 February 1916 – Banaras Hindu University was started.

3 February 1927 – Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, a prominent Hindi poet, and essayist, was born.

3 February 1933 – Polde Bibič, was a Slovenian stage and film actor, writer, and academic professor, was born.

3 February 1942 – The first Japanese air raid took place on Java.

3 February 1943 – The bloody war of Stalingrad between Germany and the former Soviet Union ended.

3 February 1945 – Russia agreed to engage in World War II against Japan.

3 February 1954 – More than 500 people lost their lives in a stampede during the Kumbh Mela held in Prayag.

3 February 1958 – The Benelux Economic Union was formed.

3 February 1970 – The foundation stone of India’s first and the world’s largest coal-based fertilizer plant was laid at Talcher.

3 February 1972 – the Winter Olympics were held for the first time in Asia in Sapporo, Japan.

3 February 1988 – Indian Navy’s first nuclear-powered submarine “INS Chakra” was inducted into the military fleet.

3 February 1995 – Astronaut Eileen Collins became the first to operate the Space Shuttle.

3 February 1999 – The Democratic Janata Dal was revived in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

3 February 2005 – A bill introduced in the US House of Representatives to honor India’s first MP, Dalip Singh Saund, was unanimously approved.

3 February 2007 – China put the Multipurpose Navigation Satellite into orbit.

3 February 2007 – a bomb exploded in a market in the Iraqi capital Baghdad, killing 135 people.

3 February 2008 – Signs of the stolen Nobel Prize of the great litterateur Rabindranath Tagore were indicated to be in Bangladesh.

3 February 2008 – 11 trillion cubic feet of gas reserves of the Indian company were found in the coastal areas of Iran.

3 February 2009 – the Ministry of Rural Development formulated a new formula for poverty alleviation.

3 February 2009 – Actress Shilpa Shetty bought a stake in Rajasthan Royals.

3 February 2012 – seven Indian Americans managed to find a place in the list of 40 final candidates of the International Science Talent Search, the most prestigious competition in the field of science and mathematics for high school students in the US.

3 February 2017 – two oil vessels collided at Chennai Port, in which there was a massive oil spill.

3 February 2018 – India won the Under-19 Cricket World Cup for the fourth time.

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