3 August in Indian and World History
3 August in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 3 August is the birth anniversary of Maithili Sharan Gupta, Shakeel Badayuni, Jaidev, and Pandit Chhannulal Mishra.
3 August is also observed as the death anniversary of Devdas Mohandas Gandhi, Cheppudira Muthana Poonacha, and Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati.
3 August in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Maithili Sharan Gupt (3 August 1886 – 12 December 1964) was the first important poet of Khari Boli. With the inspiration of Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, he made Khari Boli the medium of his compositions and worked tirelessly to make Khari Boli a poetic language through your poetry. In this way, leaving the rich poetic language like Brajbhasha, new posts adapted to the time and context, new poets made it the medium of their poetic expression. This is the biggest contribution of Gupt Ji in the history of Hindi poetry. Among the plays of Maithili Sharan, ‘Anagha’ is a play written in verse based on the story of the Bodhisattva associated with the Jataka story. He got many awards including Padma Bhushan, Hindustani Academy Award, Mangala Prasad Award, and Sahitya Vachaspati. He was Born on 3 August 1886 in Utter Pradesh.
Shakeel Badayuni (3 August 1916 – 20 April 1970) was a great poet and lyricist. Lucknow, the city of Tehzeeb, has given many celebrities to the film world, one of which is lyricist Shakeel Badayuni. Encouraged by the unceasing success of his poetry, he left his government job in the supply department and moved to Mumbai from Delhi in 1946. Shakeel Badayuni was awarded the Filmfare Award three times in a row for his songs. He was given his first Filmfare Award for the song ‘Chaudhavi Ka Chand Ho Ya Aftab Ho…‘ from the film “Chaudhvi Ka Chand” released in 1960. He also won the Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for the song ‘Husn Wale Tera Jawab Nahi…‘ from the film ‘Gharana‘ released in 1961. Apart from this, in 1962 also Shakeel Badayuni was awarded the Filmfare Award for the song ‘Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil…’ in the film ‘Bees Saal Baad‘. Badayuni was Born on 3 august 1916 in Utter Pradesh.
Jaidev (3 August 1919 – 6 January 1987) was an Indian musician and child actor. He has also been awarded with the National Film Award for Best Music Direction. At the age of fifteen, Jaidev ran away from home and went to Mumbai, but destiny had something else in mind. After working as a child artist in eight films for Wadia Film Company, he became depressed and went back to Ludhiana and started taking music lessons from Professor Barkat Rai. He got an National Film Award and Lata Mangeshkar Award. He was Born on 3 August 1919 in Ludhiana.
Pandit Chhannulal Mishra is India’s greatest and most talented classical singer. He is considered one of the finest Indian exponents of Hindustani classical music because of his unique blend of Banaras singing and Punjab singing in his Kahil, Dadra, Thumri, Chaiti, Kajri, Hori, and Bhajans. He first learned music with his father, Badri Prasad Mishra, and was then educated by ‘Ustad Abdul Ghani Khan’ of the Kirana Gharana. After that Thakur Jaidev Singh trained him. He is the lead singer of Kirana Gharana and Banaras Gaikki. Chhannulal Mishra is a top-grade artist in All India Radio and Doordarshan. He is also a member of the Ministry of Culture (North-Central) Govt. He was Born on 3 August 1936 in Utter Pradesh.
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3 August in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Devdas Mohandas Gandhi (22 May 1900 – 3 August 1957) was the fourth and youngest son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Devdas was born in South Africa and returned to India with his parents as a grown man. He became active in his father’s movement, spending many terms in jail. He also became a prominent journalist, serving as editor of the Hindustan Times. Devdas fell in love with Lakshmi, the daughter of C. Rajagopalachari, Devdas’s father’s associate in the Indian independence struggle. He was also the first pracharak of the Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha (DBHPS), established by Mohandas Gandhi in Tamil Nadu in 1918. The purpose of the Sabha was to propagate Hindi in southern India. He died on 3 August 1957.
Cheppudira Muthana Poonacha (16 June 1910 – 3 August 1990) commonly known as C. M. Poonacha, was a freedom fighter and a politician. He was one of the members of the ‘Indian National Congress in Coorg. His ancestors were the Diwans of the state of Coorg. C. M. Poonacha joined the freedom struggle in 1930. After independence, he became the Chief Minister of Coorg. CM Poonacha was the Minister of Industries and Commerce in 1956 after the formation of Mysore State. He had also served in the prestigious post of Governor in Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. CM Poonacha was also the Governor of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. He served as the Governor of Madhya Pradesh from August 17, 1978, to April 29, 1980. Poonacha died on 3 August 1990.
Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati (8 May 1916 – 3 August 1993) was a renowned spiritual thinker from India and a world-renowned scholar of Vedanta philosophy. His original name was ‘Balkrishna Menon’. While travelling all over India, he saw that many misconceptions related to religion were spread in the country. To redress them and establish pure religion, Swami Chinmayanand Ji started ‘Gita Gyan-Yagya’ and in 1953 established ‘Chinmaya Mission. Swami Chinmayanand’s discourses were very rational and inspiring. A large crowd gathered to hear him He wrote interpretations of more than 35 texts of Upanishads, Gita, and Adi Shankaracharya. His commentary on ‘Gita’ is considered the best. In 1993, Chinmayanand Saraswati represented Hinduism at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago. Swami Vivekananda received this honour a century ago He died on 3 August 1933.
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Notable events on 3 August in Indian and World History
3 August 1492 – Italian navigator Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain on the discovery of India with three ships.
3 August 1985 – Baba Amte was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service.
3 August 1998 – 35 people died in a building collapse in Bandra, Mumbai on this day.
3 August 2004 – The Statue of Liberty, which was closed after the 2001 terrorist attacks in the US, was reopened to the public.
3 August 2004 – The American spacecraft Messenger left for Mercury on this day.
3 August 2006 – The United States said that it would not aid India in enriching uranium.
3 August 2007 – The Russian spacecraft Progress M-61, which left for the International Space Station successfully reached its orbit.
3 August 2010 – A Somali of charged magnetic gaseous clouds created by the coronal mass ejection of the Sun is moving toward Earth’s orbit.
3 August 2012 – The Safety at Workplace Bill, 2010 passed against sexual harassment of women.
National Watermelon Day is observed every year in the US on 3 August. It aims to recognise the refreshing summertime treat enjoyed at picnics and fairs! And since watermelon is 92% water, it is very satisfying in the summer heat.