Image Courtesy: Google Doodle
Cesar Chavez (31 March 1927 – 23 April 1993) was an American labor leader and civil rights activist. Along with Dolores Huerta, he co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), which later merged with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) to become the United Farm Workers (UFW) labor union. Ideologically, his world-view combined leftist politics with Catholic social teachings.
Life and Career
Cesar Chavez was born on 31 March 1927 in Yuma, Arizona to a family of Mexican-American migrant farm workers.
Chavez began his career as an organizer in the 1950s, working with the Community Service Organization (CSO) to improve the lives of Mexican-American workers in California. In 1962, he co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW) union. The UFW organized strikes, boycotts, and other forms of direct action to improve working conditions and wages for farm workers in California and other states.
Chavez’s leadership of the UFW made him a prominent figure in the civil rights movement of the 1960s and 1970s. He was a proponent of non-violent protest, and his work inspired other movements for social justice in the United States.
In addition to his work with the UFW, Chavez was a vocal advocate for environmental causes, and he spoke out against the use of harmful pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture.
Cesar Chavez died on 23 April 1993 in San Luis, Arizona at an age of 66.
Award and Legacy
Cesar Chavez’s activism and leadership in the labor and civil rights movements had a profound impact on American society, and his legacy continues to inspire social justice activism today.
Chavez’s work with the United Farm Workers union led to significant improvements in the working conditions and wages of migrant farm workers in California and other states. He also brought attention to the struggles of marginalized communities and inspired other movements for social justice, including the Chicano movement and the environmental movement.
In recognition of his contributions, Chavez was awarded numerous honors and awards during his lifetime, including the Pacem in Terris Award, the Aguila Azteca, and the Eugene V. Debs Foundation Outstanding American Award. He was also posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States.
Chavez’s legacy is celebrated through the annual Cesar Chavez Day holiday, which is observed in several U.S. states on 31 March which marks his birthday. The holiday is an opportunity to honor his life and achievements and to inspire future generations to continue his work for social justice and human rights.
On 31 March 2013, Google celebrated Cesar Chavez’s 86th Birthday with a doodle.