1 April in Indian and World History
1 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 1 April is the birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Shivakumara Swami, Tarun Gogoi, Mohammad Hamid Ansari, Ajit Laxman Wadekar, and Siddhartha Roy.
1 April is also observed as the death anniversary of Palghat Kollengode Viswanathan Narayanaswamy.
1 April in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675), the ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and he was head of the followers of Sikhism from 1665 until his beheading in 1675. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed (by beheading) on the orders of Aurangzeb. His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November, according to the Nanakshahi calendar. He was born on 1 April 1621 in Amritsar, Punjab.
Shivakumara Swami (1 April 1907 – 21 January 2019), a humanitarian, spiritual leader and educator. He became part of Siddaganga Matha in 1930 and became head of the Matha in 1941. Before his death, he was one of the oldest people living in India. He lived for 111 years, 295 days. In 2015, he was honoured with Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian award by the government of India. He was born on 1 April 1907 in Magadi, Kingdom of Mysore.
Tarun Gogoi (1 April 1936 – 23 November 2020), an Indian politician who served as the Chief Minister of Assam from 2001 to 2016. He was affiliated with Indian National Congress (INC). He was posthumously awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian honour in 2021. He was born on 1 April 1936 in Jorhat, Assam Province, British India.
Mohammad Hamid Ansari, an Indian politician and retired Foreign Service officer. He was the 12th Chairman of Rajya Sabha and 12th Vice President of India from 2007 to 2017. Ansari was born on 1 April 1937 at Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India.
Ajit Laxman Wadekar (1 April 1941 – 15 August 2018), an Indian cricketer. He played for the Indian national team between 1966 and 1974. He was described as an “aggressive batsman”. He was honoured with Arjuna Award in 1967 and later in 1972, he was also conferred upon Padmashri, India’s fourth-highest civilian honour. He was born on 1 April 1941 in Bombay Presidency, British India.
Siddhartha Roy, an Indian structural biologist, biophysicist, former Director of the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology. He is well known for his studies on bacteriophage lambda and protein synthesis. In 1999, he was honoured by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research with Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology for his immense contribution to Biological sciences. He was born on 1 April 1954 in West Bengal, India.
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1 April in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Palghat Kollengode Viswanathan Narayanaswamy (15 November 1923 – 1 April 2002), an Indian musician. He was one of the finest Carnatic music vocalists of the 20th century. He was awarded the Madras Music Academy’s Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1986. He died on 1 April 2002 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
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Notable events on 1 April in Indian and World history
1 April 1935 – The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the central bank of India, which was established.
1 April 1973 – Project Tiger, a project to conserve tiger, was first initiated
1 April 2004 – Google announces Gmail to the public.
1 April is also observed as April Fools’ Day
1 April is also observed as Odisha Foundation Day. On 1 April 1936, Odisha was separated from Bihar and Orissa Province. These states were earlier part of Bengal but were bifurcated into separate states in 1936.
1 April 1944 – Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen.
1 April 1945 – The Tenth United States Army attacks the Thirty-Second Japanese Army on Okinawa.