27 January in Indian and World History

OV Digital Desk

27 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 27 January is the birth anniversary of Hamid Ali Khan, Pandit Sitaram Chaturvedi, and Radhabinod Pal.

27 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun, Nikhil Ranjan Banerjee, Kamleshwar, and Ramaswamy Venkataraman.

Birth Anniversary on 27 January

27 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:

Hamid Ali Khan (27 January 1922 – 21 October 1998), was a famous Indian Hindi cinema actor. He rose to fame as a villain in Hindi cinema. Talking about Ajit’s favorite character, he first played his favorite and never forgotten character in producer-director Subhash Ghai’s 1976 film ‘Kalicharan’. His character ‘Lion’ in the film ‘Kalicharan‘ became synonymous with his name. He was born on 27 January 1922 in Golconda.

Pandit Sitaram Chaturvedi (27 January 1907 – 17 February 2005), was a famous Hindi litterateur and journalist. He composed the first original work on ‘Hanumat Charit’. ‘Kalidas Granthavali’ was a unique and bold effort of Sitaram Chaturvedi. From 1933 to 1938, he was the editor of ‘Sanatan Dharma’ and the personal secretary of Madan Mohan Malaviya. Sitaram Chaturvedi Ji has composed more than 250 texts. He was born on 27 January 1907 in Kashi, Uttar Pradesh.

Radhabinod Pal (27 January 1886 – 10 January 1967), an Indian judge at the Tokyo, Japan War Crimes Tribunal, disagreed with other judges by claiming that the trial was retribution by the victors of the war. He was born on 27 January 1886.

Read More: 26 January in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary on 27 January

27 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:

Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (6 March 1508 – 27 January 1555), was a famous Mughal ruler. Humayun was the eldest of Babur’s 4 sons- Humayun, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. Babur appointed Humayun as his successor. Before his coronation in India, in 1520 AD, at the age of 12, he was appointed as the Subedar of Badakhshan. As the Subedar of Badakhshan, Humayun participated in all the campaigns in India, which were led by Babur. Humayun was born in Kabul on 6 March 1508.

Nikhil Ranjan Banerjee (14 October 1931 – 27 January 1986), was one of India’s leading sitar players of the 20th century. He died on 27 January 1986.

Kamleshwar (6 January 1932 – 27 January 2007), was one of the most powerful writers of the twentieth century. He showed his writing talent in many genres like story, novel, journalism, column writing, and film script. He wrote screenplays for many Hindi films and wrote Darpan, Chandrakanta, Betaal Pachisi, Virat Yug, etc. for Indian television series. He also wrote the first authentic and historical mass-platform media story ‘Hindustan Hamara’ based on the Indian independence movement. Kamleshwar died on 27 January 2007.

Ramaswamy Venkataraman (4 December 1910 – 27 January 2009), the eighth President of India. Prior to this, the post of Vice President was also with him. He became the President at the age of 77. He took the oath of office on July 25, 1987. It was a coincidence that 35 years ago when the first President of the country, Rajendra Prasad was sworn in, Shri Venkataraman was also present in the same hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan. He died on 27 January 2009 in New Delhi.

Read More: 25 January in Indian and World History

Notable events on 27 January in Indian and World History

27 January 1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, a French architect and theorist who lived in the 19th century, was born.

27 January 1823 – US President James Monroe appointed the first ambassador to South America.

27 January 1842 – Arkhip Kuindzhi, a Russian Imperial landscape painter of Pontic Greek descent from the area of Mariupol, was born.

27 January 1888 – The National Geographic Society was organized in Washington.

27 January 1891 – a mine explosion in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, killed about 150 people.

27 January 1897 – British troops capture the Bida Gold Coast in Ghana.

27 January 1903 – John Carew Eccles, an Australian neurophysiologist, was born.

27 January 1905 – Maurice Rouvier formed the government in France.

27 January 1915 – US Marines occupied Haiti.

27 January 1936 Samuel C. C. Ting, an American physicist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

27 January 1941 – Beatrice Tinsley, a British-born New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist and professor of astronomy at Yale University, was born.

27 January 1942 Tasuku Honjo, a Japanese immunologist, and Nobel Prize Laureate, was born.

27 January 1943 – The United States launched an air raid on Germany for the first time.

27 January 1948 – The first tape recorder was sold.

27 January 1967 – Three astronauts died in the 1967 Apollo 1 crash.

27 January 1969 – 14 people were sentenced to death for spying in the Iraqi capital Baghdad.

27 January 1974 – President VV Giri dedicated the Nehru Memorial Museum at Teen Murti, New Delhi to the nation.

27 January 1988 – The first helicopter postal service was inaugurated.

27 January 2008 – bird flu spread in 13 districts of West Bengal.

27 January 2016 – Nabil Ali Mohamed, an Egyptian computer scientist, died.

27 January Historical Significance

January 27 is a date marked by several significant historical events. One of the most poignant is the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in 1945 by Soviet forces, a moment that has come to symbolize the end of the Holocaust’s horrors. Consequently, January 27 is now observed as International Holocaust Remembrance Day, dedicated to the memory of the six million Jews and millions of other victims who perished under Nazi persecution. Additionally, in 1967, the Apollo 1 tragedy occurred when a cabin fire during a pre-launch test killed astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger B. Chaffee, highlighting the risks of space exploration and leading to critical safety improvements in NASA’s program. These events underscore January 27 as a day of reflection on both human suffering and the relentless pursuit of progress.

Important Days of 27 January in History

International Holocaust Remembrance Day: Established by the United Nations General Assembly, this day commemorates the victims of the Holocaust. It marks the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in 1945. The day is dedicated to remembering the six million Jews and millions of others who perished during the Holocaust, and to promoting Holocaust education and remembrance globally.

Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust: Similar to International Holocaust Remembrance Day, various countries have their specific observances on this date to remember those who suffered and died in the Holocaust. This includes ceremonies, educational programs, and memorial services.