22 March in Indian and World History

22 March in Indian and World History

22 March in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 22 March is the birth anniversary of Ghulam Yazdani, Surya Sen, and Jual Oram.

22 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Hanuman Prasad Poddar, Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan, Vithal Mahadeo Tarkunde, Gemini Ganesan, Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, and Yashwant Vithoba Chittal

Birth Anniversary

22 March is the birth anniversary of Ghulam Yazdani, Surya Sen, and Jual Oram.

Ghulam Yazdani (22 March 1885 – 13 November 1962), an Indian archaeologist. He was one of the founders of the Archaeological Department during the colonial era of Hyderabad Nizam. He was instrumental in surveying and documenting Islamic, Buddhist, Hindu and Jain sites in the Hyderabad state, including major mosques in the region, the caves at Ajanta, Ellora caves, Alampur group of temples, Bidar fort, and Daulatabad. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan Award by the Indian government in 1959 for his contribution. Yazdani was born on 22 March 1885 in Delhi, British India.

Surya Sen (22 March 1894 – 12 January 1934), an Indian revolutionary. He was influential in the Indian independence movement against British rule in India and is best known for leading the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid. Sen was a schoolteacher by profession and was popularly known as Master Da. After the Chittagong raid in 1930 and a fierce battle where over 80 British troops and 12 revolutionaries were killed, Sen and other surviving revolutionaries dispersed into small groups and hid in neighbouring villages, launching raids on government personnel and property. Sen was arrested on 16 February 1933, tried and was hanged on 12 January 1934. Indian film director Ashutosh Gowariker directed the film Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey (2010) about Sen’s life. He was born on 22 March 1894 in Bengal Presidency, British India.

Jual Oram, a member of the 17th Lok Sabha of India. He was also a member of the 12th, 13th, 14th Lok Sabha and 16th Lok Sabha. He is affiliated with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was born on 22 March 1961 in Sundargarh, Odisha, India. He was born on 22 March 1961 in Sundargarh, Odisha, India.

Read More: 21 March in Indian and World History

Death Anniversary

22 March is also observed as the death anniversary of Hanuman Prasad Poddar, Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan, Vithal Mahadeo Tarkunde, Gemini Ganesan, Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, and Yashwant Vithoba Chittal

Hanuman Prasad Poddar (1892 – 22 March 1971) was an Indian freedom fighter, literateur, magazine editor and philanthropist. He was also one of the trustees of Gita Press setup by Ghanshyam Jalan and Jay Dayal Ji Goeyendka. His work in fostering pride among the people regarding India’s glorious history and philosophic tradition earned him praise from Mahatma Gandhi. The Government of India issued a postage stamp in his memory in 1992. He died on 22 March 1971.

Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan (1 October 1904 – 22 March 1977), popularly known as A. K. Gopalan or AKG, was an Indian communist politician. He was one of 16 Communist Party of India members elected to the first Lok Sabha in 1952. Later, he became one of the founding members of the CPI(M). He died on 22 March 1977 in Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

Vithal Mahadeo Tarkunde (3 July 1909 in – 22 March 2004), was a prominent Indian lawyer, civil rights activist. The Supreme Court of India also praised him as “undoubtedly the most distinguished judge of the post-Chagla 1957 period” in the Bombay High Court. During the emergency, he worked closely with Jayaprakash Narayan, providing leadership to the NGOs Citizens for Democracy and People’s Union for Civil Liberties, of which he was the founding president. He died on 22 March 2004.

Gemini Ganesan (17 November 1920 – 22 March 2005), an Indian actor who worked mainly in Tamil cinema. He was also known as Ganapati Subramanian Sarma or Ramasamy Ganesan. He won Filmfare Awards twice. In 1971, he was honoured with Padma Shri. Also, he was honoured with “Kalaimamani”, the “MGR Gold Medal” and the “Screen Lifetime Achievement Award”. He died on 22 March 2005 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti (9 July 1918 – 22 March 2007), an Indian speaker who questioned the state of enlightenment as a real thing. He was unrelated to his contemporary Jiddu Krishnamurti, although the two men had a number of meetings because of their association with the Theosophical Society. He died on 22 March 2007 in Vallecrosia, Italy.

Yashwant Vithoba Chittal (3 August 1928 – 22 March 2014), a Kannada fiction writer. He did extraordinary experimentation with the language. He was honoured with Sahitya Akademi Award. He died on 22 March 2014 in Mumbai, India.

Read More: 20 March in Indian and World History

Notable events on 22 March in Indian and World history

22 March 1739 – Nader Shah attacked Delhi in 1739, he defeated the Mughal armies in the battle of Karnal. After defeating the Mughal Emperor Mohammad Shah his armies marched into Delhi.

22 March 1957 – Indian government adopted the Saka Era calendar with Chaitra as its first month along with the Gregorian calendar for official purposes.

22 March 2020 – Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announces the country’s largest-ever self-imposed curfew, in an effort to fight the spread of COVID-19.

22 March is also observed as Bihar Day. It was on this day when the British carved out the state from Bengal in 1912.

22 March is also observed as World Water Day. The day is used to advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

OV Team